The attitude of the host countries and the causes that lead to migration are some of the major factors that affect the life of migrants in the host country. In the age of globalisation, there is less physical dislocation than mental dislocation. Even though migrants face external problems like discrimination, assimilation, cultural changes, adaptation, struggle for survival, and identity crisis, their own inner problems like loneliness
Contemporary studies have shown that the more rapidly a population increases, the higher the desire of people to change from one environment to the other. In modern times however, migrations are “migrations of labour, not of people” (Amin, 1995). Thus, migrants in the modern day sense, simply
Job prosperity was the main appeal for male migration, but there were also other factors. Family life was also an important part influencing a man to seek out work through migration across Europe. Parents would send their sons away from home to enter into service, in order for them to gain the skills to prepare for a working life in the future and to help support the family financially. A man may also choose to migrate later in life with his family as a result of a local or regional subsistence crisis, or to improve the position of his family both economically and socially. Large and medium-sized cities had a very high ratio of migrants as a result of their high mortality rate, meaning that many men would move upscale with their families as there would be more opportunities for a better life in the
Geographic locations have always had an impact in ancient civilizations. However, most historians and scholars firmly believe that different geographic locations have had maximum effects towards civilizations. These effects made by geographic locations include migration, culture, and the trading system. These impacts are undeniable and they have given ancient civilizations powerful diversities and different aspects in their societies. Different geographic locations have lead numerous migration movements throughout history.
Inward migration is a controversial topic because it can be perceived as both a threat or an opportunity to the country receiving these migrants. Migration, as defined by the Oxford dictionary is the “movement of people to a new area or country in order to find work or better living conditions.” People will migrate if there are improved opportunities in their destination as it is human nature. This relocation will have an impact on the natives. Depending on the perspective, the impact can either be positive or negative or even both. The pros and cons of immigration are consistently up for debate as shown by the Eurobarometer poll, where immigration ranked fourth among 15 societal issues such as crime, environment and security, (Eurobarometer
Migration also includes displacement of people, movement of refugees, uprooted people as well as economic migrants. Migration can be classified into two simplest types: External Migration and Internal Migration. External migration is the process of movement across international border while, internal migration is the movement of people between or within the state or regions. According to International Organization for Migration, there were about 232 million people living outside their native countries in 2013. The Unites States of America, The Russian Federation, Germany, Saudi Arabia, U.A.E, the U.K and France together constitute over 51% of total migrants in the world.
Generally, immigrants tend to concentrate in certain regions, often the major cities. Nevertheless, there are evidences that prove that immigration have little impact on native wages. For instance, Friedberg and Hunt in their research “The impact of immigrants on host country wages, employment and growth”, published in the Journal of Economic Perspectives (1995), found that a 10% increase in the immigrant share of the labor force reduced native wages by about 1%. Other more recent studies tested comparable small effects also
In-depth study of socio-economic factors helps us understand the causes of the migration. There is a question of whether the distribution of land and other assets affect migration. There is found a positive link between employment types, family members in the work force, years of education, land holdings and migration. Other studies
Accordingly, it leads to crucial effects on social, economic and physical developments in urban areas. (Fadzil, 2014). The study on seasonal migration is relatively important for urban planning purposes. This is because of seasonal migration is relevant to the development policy of urban planning (Obudho, 1994). Generally, its relevance is referred to two aspects or issues in urban and fringe area perspectives: (a) contribution of internal migration on urban growth as well as the pace level of urbanization (Pacione, 2001), and (b) negative implications of internal migration on urban areas such as urban sprawl, squatters and slum areas, poverty, and pollution (Skeldon, 2002, Yaakup et al., 2000).