Disadvantages Of Scientific Management

1450 Words6 Pages
A. Introduction Traditional management was established in the late 1900’s, after the industrial revolution swept world. Large factories were built using huge numbers of workers on production lines working with machines rather than the early skilled crafts men and lowered the price of the products produced. With high numbers of employees, there was a demand for a better method of management to control, plan, organise and lead the workers. Without an efficient method the revolution faced a threat of collapse as high volumes of workers were forced to work long, tiring hours at a low rate of pay. B. Scientific Management Scientific Management is to find the ‘one best way’ to complete a task. The concept is credited to Frederick Taylor who created the method in 1898. This method, now widely known as Taylorism has had a phenomenal effect on managerial practises around the world. Taylor developed scientific management out of the belief that tasks could be advanced scientifically and that it could design the best rational way of completing a task. The idea is to carefully match man with his machine/tool. Modern versions of this theory have lowered their human workforce by introducing machines which are more precise and efficient and more cost effective. Table 1 The principles of the method are 1. To find the one best scientific way to complete a task 2. To select, train and teach the right worker for the selected task 3. The cooperation of workers and management to complete
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