Computers offer great flexibility for class scheduling and pacing of individual learning, choosing activities and content to suit individual learning styles. (Oxford, 1998). Istifcl (2011) stated, “Technology augments instruction by making learning experiences open, flexible, and distributed, as well as providing opportunities for interactive and efficient learning.” According to Holland and Fisher (2007), computer as tutor has been used to provide materials such as grammatical and vocabulary items and language practices such as exercises in pronunciation, writing, listening, or reading for learners. It has also been functional for the teachers to analyze the learners' performance and test their knowledge. Educational technology has an impact on how second languages are taught-learned today.
Do digital learning tools greatly contribute to the improvement of the academic performance of the students? Hypothesis There are many effects of digital learning on the academic performance of IT3A. To widely inform the students about their lessons; by using digital learning, it helps the students gather more information. By the use of technology, the student can easily learn by their self and feel comfortable while learning. Also, digital learning helps the students to be more active in their lesson because technology is widely used and is easy to use.
One of the areas where the application of learning analytics is needed is open and distance learning. Learners in open and distance learning perform learning activities and a set of interactions electronically and leave behind some electronic traces after each action. These traces are a prominent source of data for enhancing learners' academic performance, estimating prospective academic steps, improving open and distance learning platforms, and testing teaching competencies as well. Analyzing large amounts of data from learners containing millions of numbers, using traditional methods makes it challenging to get answers to some questions. Hence, the use of learning analytics seriously supports the decision makers and practitioners in achieving the desired objectives.
Second, ICT has merits for teachers as well. Sharing of resources, easier planning and preparation of classes, and motivated students. Third, students are able to take high quality classes. Also, using
(2) Computer learning experiences often engage the interest of the students, motivating them to learn increasing independence of students and personal responsibility of education. (3) Task-Based Instructional Module is successful in raising examination scores, improving student attitudes and lowering the amount of time required certain
As the use of computers in language teaching increases, it is important to look at how technology has been used in the field thus far. One can think of many positive effects of computers in the classroom, but it is important to mention that, nowadays, many professors practice assessing via computers, mainly because it has a lot of advantages over traditional test types. Computer-based tests (CBT) have been used in second language testing since the early 80s and one of the prerequisites for implementing the CBT was to introduce the appropriate roles of Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL) in curriculum and instruction. Numerous ESL and EFL researchers have noticed that the computer should be used to replicate what they believe is occurring
It is seen as an active learning process because students will learn more through a process of constructing and creating, working in a group and also sharing the knowledge. In general, debate is one of the speaking classroom activities which requires two teams consisting of two or more speakers speak out their arguments and oppose the opponent’s arguments in terms of the topic or motion given. It is supported by Dobson (1987) who asserts that there are some instructional techniques in improving students’ speaking skill, such as: dialogues, small-group discussion, debate, song, and games. Additionally, Hasibuan & Batubara (2012) also reveal that debate is a method of language learning which is applied to improve speaking ability as well as critical thinking (p.19). Hence, debate is a method of language learning which is applicable not only to improve the students’ speaking skill but also critical thinking.
The rationale suggested by Warschauer (2012) is as follows: • Repeated exposure to the same material is beneficial or even essential to learning • A computer is ideal for carrying out repeated drills, since the machine does not get bored with presenting the same material and since it can provide immediate non-judgmental feedback • A computer can present such material on an individualized basis, allowing students to proceed at their own pace and freeing up class time for other activities. 2- Communicative CALL What is Communicative CALL? Communicative CALL is based on the communicative approach to foreign language teaching which became prominent in the 1970’s and 1980’s. The communicative approach 1- Is a reaction to the audio-lingual approach. 2-Focuses on language as a medium of communication.
Considering the changes in language learning, games are practical tools that enable interaction, learning and positive learning environment. As Martinson and Chu (2008) mentions that “games offer students a hypothetical environment in which they can explore alternative decisions without the risk of failure.” This quote highlights the contribution of games to the learners and the learning process. At this point, game is one of the classroom practices that provides engaging, exciting, motivating and active participation into the learning environment. Consequently, games are the most important weapon of the teachers by the reason of the fact that it has crucial role in connecting with young learners and understanding their own world. As the integration of the technology to every area of the modern life, games are also renewed via techological innovations.
For the student, it is an initiation into: • Creativity and problem solving, • An introduction to the world of information and technologies, and • An opportunity to shape career pursuits. Advantages of using (ICT) in Education: 1‧ Through ICT, images can easily be used in teaching and improving the retentive memory of students. 2‧ Through ICT, teachers can easily explain complex instructions and ensure students' comprehension. 3‧ Through ICT, teachers are able to create interactive classes and make the lessons more enjoyable, which could improve student attendance and concentration. Disadvantages of using (ICT) in Education: 1‧ Setting up the devices can be very troublesome.