Disadvantages Of Whole Language

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" Whole language " is a method of teaching reading that emphasizes literature and text comprehension . Students are taught to use critical thinking strategies and to use context to " guess " words that they do not recognize . In the younger grades, children use invented spelling to write their own stories . Both instructional methods use elements that are emphasized in the other; the differences between the methods are largely related to what is emphasized and the sequence of skill instruction . Phonics : Phonics is seen to be an improvement on the previously used method of learning the approximate sounds represented by letters ( b = buh) first and then blending them with other sounds ( b1 = bluh ) to decode and encode words in written form .…show more content…
Drawbacks: • For those who learn to speak by learning the whole sound of a word , phonics I not an ideal form of reading instruction, because these learners do not naturally break words into separate sounds. • Some phonics programs use low- interest reading material and too many boring worksheets . Those " drawbacks ", of course , are not unique to a phonics program . Whole language: Whole language is a currently controversial approach to teaching reading that is based on constructivist learning theory and ethnographic studies of students in classrooms. With whole language ,teachers are expected to provide a literacy rich environment for their students and to combine speaking , listening, reading, and writing. Whole language teachers emphasize the meaning of texts over the sounds of letters , and phonics instruction becomes just one component of the whole language classroom. Whole language is considered a " top down " approach where the reader constructs a personal meaning for a text based on using their prior knowledge to interpret the meaning of what they are reading .

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