Introduction Floods are considered to be the hazard that affects more people and causes more damage to property than any other. A flood occurs when water overflows or covers land that 's normally dry. This can happen in a massive amount of ways and the most common is when rivers or streams overflow their banks due to excessive rain. Most floods take hours or even days to develop, providing residents enough time to prepare or evacuate. When a river overflows its banks or the sea drives inland, structures poorly equipped to withstand the water 's strength are no match.
One fifth of the world’s population is located in south Asia. It is the most disposed region in the world. The majority of the poor people also lived there. There is a big figure of undernourished people according to FAO 2009.Climate change appeared as the single most persistent issue dominating society on a global basis, with severe consequences for the food security of billions of people in the developing countries. The inter-annual, monthly and daily distribution of climate variables (e.g., temperature, radiation, precipitation, water vapor pressure in the air and wind speed) disturbs a number of physical, chemical and living processes that vigor the yield of agricultural, forestry and fisheries systems (Easterling et al.
Developing countries like India are prone to get earthquakes, floods, road accidents, cyclonic storms and there by many health hazards. Being over populated, chances of injury, infection and communicable disease are quite common. The impact of disaster can affect the national wealth, trade and livelihoods. Cyclone Haiyan , 2013 was such an incident though many lives were saved by evacuation but nearly 7300 people died and 29,000 were injured. 2011 tsunami has completely devastated and damaged the roads, railways and networks.
Hunger in Ethiopia Every day the world develops widely and jumps great leaps in technology. Yet lots of unfortunate people die every minute caused by famines, civil wars, and rapacity of some who rape others rights and dreams of decent lives. Today in the 21th century shamefully, there are a lot of starve, literally, to death. Starvation is a severe deficiency in caloric energy intake. It is the most extreme form of malnutrition.
Intro On Saturday the 25th of April 2015, a major earthquake struck Kathmandu in Nepal. The quake, with a massive magnitude of 7.8, occurred because of converging tectonic plates. It was the worst earthquake recorded in the area for more than 80 years and was classified on the Mercalli Scale as VIII - very destructive. It lasted for more than 50 seconds, killing more than 9,000 citizens and injuring over 22,000 people. Scientific background Nepal sits on top of a volatile zone.
Natural disasters are a nature’s events and are uncontrollable, although predictable. They include typhoons , rainy season flooding, tornadoes and tsunami. An article in the Guardian states that a study has revealed natural disaster has displaces three times as many people as war in 2013. An average of 27 million people a year or 42 million in total in 2010 have lost their homes ( Guardian.com,2014). A tsunami event that occurred in 2004 , called the Boxing Day Tsunami, displaced 1.7 million and injured half a million of souls.
Japan is an island in East Asia, and its location lies in the Pacific Ocean. On the 11th March, 2011, an 8.9 magnitude earthquake developed in the country, a phenomena that unleashed a tsunami with waves up to 39 metres. In this environmental disaster, the estimated death toll is 15884 people, and it is probed that most of them died by drowning. In spite of suffering the damages of the earthquake, both nations faced major problems after the disaster. Haiti experienced lack of clean water and the outbreak of cholera in October of the same year, which made recuperation even harder.
The world has seen and experiences all kind of natural and even man – made disasters. Hundreds of violent floods, terrifying storms, scorching heat and drought have left about 606,000 people and a total of 4.1 billion left injured and homeless in a span of last two decades (1995 – 2015), according to a United Nation report. This kind of extreme weather – related disasters have caused nearly two trillion dollar in economic losses. According to the report, the five countries hit the hardest were the United States, China, India, Philippines and Indonesia. The organization found out that half of the recorded disasters were made up of floods, resulting 157,000 fatalities and a total of 242,000 casualties in storms.
Bangladesh is situated in South Asia, and it is a riverine country. For geographical reason Bangladesh is one of the most climate vulnerable countries in fact; on the earth, it is a standout among the most climate vulnerable nations. As a result of, extraordinary events for example, dry seasons, shoreline flooding and other natural hazards; the country is confronting huge inconveniences. The changing environment has particularly influenced the health of the people of, Bangladesh by threatening lives. The major concerns of varying ecological patterns are global warming and natural calamities so forth and, these changes of the environment are the premise of vector-borne and water-borne infections which cause deaths of millions of people.
A Natural disaster can cause harmful effects when they occur. Natural disaster can be devastating on villages, communities, churches, and one’s mental health wellness. As millions watched the world news, Haiti was destroyed by a natural disaster once again. This hurricane is called Matthew, which is a natural process that was beyond human control. Haiti is one of the poorest countries in the world, that was devastated by an earthquake in 2010.