Name: Javida Mohammad Sediq Dep: Anthropology Response Letter 11/15/17 “Discipline and Punish” According to Foucault discipline and punish is a history of the modern penal system. Foucault pursues to study punishment in its social background and to observe how changing power relations affected punishment. He begins by studying the situation before the eighteenth century when public execution and physical punishment were main punishments, and torture was part of most criminal inquiries. As he mentions in the text that punishment was formal and directed at the prisoner 's body. It was usual in which the spectators were important.
It points out two factors (anonymity and a weakened sense of responsibility) that help to explain the behavior exhibited by the participants in both roles of guards and prisoners. Deindividuation of the prisoners was caused by the rules of the experiment, which included the replacement of prisoners ' names by code numbers, similar uniforms, wearing stockings on head and the realistic process of arresting participants. In addition, Social Identity model of Deindividuation Effects helped explaining the state by the process of merging with the assigned role, which affected the behavior of all
In this paper we will be discussing the famous psychology studies completed by Stanley Milgram and Philip Zimbardo. Both of these studies had a huge impact on psychology and are still relevant to this day. They gave psychologists an insight into how humans react in social situations when an authority figure is present in a simulated environment. The experiments also showed how people’s norms and values can change when assuming certain social roles. In Zimbardo’s prison study he had selected students after putting out an advertisement for the experiment.
I believe race, ethnicity and gender disparities play a large role in how our system is executed. To support my claims I will be talking about incarceration, pullover rates & situations and police training in great detail. When it comes to the sentencing of convicted criminals, there are racial, ethnic and gender disparities. In 1984 the Sentencing Guidelines and Policy Statements of the Sentencing Reform Act, or short for SRA, was designed to eliminate sentencing disparities and states clearly that race, gender, ethnicity, and
During processing, the inmate will be classified to determine their housing. Classifying an inmate helps keep the inmate and other inmates as safe as possible as well as the staff. The classification lets members in the jail know and understand how dangerous the inmate might be and the custody level that is needed. This is where security comes into play with the inmate. All inmates who are brought into the facility are searched to ensure the safety of staff, arrestees and the facility.
The documentary “Citizenfour” aims to raise public awareness about the state surveillance in the name of so-called maintenance of national security. It consists of related news and a series of interviews with Edward Snowden, revealing details about PRISM. What it mostly shows is facts rather than one’s opinion. Notice that the media depiction hugely influences the way people view the issue. The less opinion and emotional description are used, the more room for the audience to think.
He strongly suggests that this country needs a change and could be only done by a mass of citizens. He states key points of corruption seen in the text, “And the truth is, there is something terribly wrong with this country, isn 't there? Cruelty and injustice, intolerance and oppression. And where once you had the freedom to object, to think and speak as you saw fit, you now have sensors and systems of surveillance coercing your conformity and soliciting your submission.” He supports his statement by relating to a historical event of Guy Fawkes, simultaneously relating his actions, and further blames people which gives the citizens of London the atmosphere of guilt. He gives rough information about what lacks in UK and therefore changes their view point on the country, which ultimately lead to their revolution.
The Thought Police will be in charge of uncovering and punishing thought-crime as well as thought-criminals. It will apply psychological methods and omnipresent surveillance, like telescreens, to uncover and apprehend members of society who challenge your authority and could potentially jeopardize your status quo — even if only by thought. The Thought Police will primarily use ubiquitous inspection to observe each dweller’s actions and look for unorthodox opinions or an inner struggle. Each denizen will live round the clock under infinite auditing: when a Party member talks in his or her sleep, the words will be carefully analyzed. Likewise, they will target and eliminate highly intelligent people, since there is concern that they may come to realize how your leadership exploits them.
In the United States, prisons are held accountable for the safety of inmates regardless of their crimes. Researchers defined Security Threat Group is known as prison gangs, which corrections officers used to take away their recognition term (Security Threat Group (STG) Law and Legal Definition, 2016). The Security Threat Group are hostile inmates that caused harm to prison officials and inmates. The Security Threat Group may vary from state to state within the correctional facilities. It is determined that street gangs and prison gangs are different because prison gangs reflects with the toughness on their role in unlawful activity, higher level of organization, and age structure, while street gangs’ illicit activity is part of the group identity
External classification involves the security level and Internal classification involves housing placement in prison based on the criminals background and individual needs. Other programs are Orientation to the institution and faith-based and veteran dorms. Work assignments are also an important program to prison life. By using Operational assignments to perform everyday prison activities and Community operations the prisoners are allowed to work and earn a wage. This is lead by the PIECP who work with real world industries to provide prisoners work opportunities.
Crime according to critical criminologists is political as it is responded to by those in power. Critical Criminologists want to gain an understanding of society and the state and how these two impact upon each other (Scraton & Chadwick 1998). Critical Criminologists want to turn away from other theories of crime and concentrate on inequalities within structures and power relations of different societies. There has been significant work on the relationship between deviants and the relationship they have with the state and the control and power the state has over them (Newburn, 2007). Punishment to critical criminologists is viewed as being associated with a system of social inequality and it can worsen and even produce the inequality itself
Administration must ensure their staff members are adequately trained and know how to act and deal with the gangs. Because the prison community is so private more research needs to be done to understand the workings of prison gangs and get more current, detailed, data. The community needs to be aware of the issues as well since they
b. Treatment: “is the creation of an environment and provision of rehabilitative programs that encourage inmates to accept responsibility and to address personal disorders that make success in the community more difficult.” 2. List the right types of activities that contribute to the security and custody functions within a prison. a. Effective inmate classification systems b.
Imprisonment is justified on these three grounds, deterrence, punishment and reform. The punishment aspect of imprisonment refers to an individual that violated societal laws and must suffer as a result. Sykes (2007) asserted that imprisonment