From their accent, to their vocabulary and their discourse pattern, speakers identify themselves with members of that linguistic community. In the face of the ingrained belief that one language equals one culture, individuals assume several collective identities; from where you live, to languages you speak, groups you’re a part of, etc. Identity is constantly growing and changing as the individual progresses through life. (Claire Kramsch) During the late 18th century scholars like Johann Herder and Wilhelm von Humboldt put forward the idea that “different people speak differently because they think differently, and that they think differently because their language offers them different ways of expressing the world around them.” (Claire Kramsch) This leads us into the next point about Sapir-Whorf and linguistic
Different language communities have certain ways of talking that will set them apart from others and those differences are known as dialects. Dialects are not just accents but also grammar, vocabulary, syntax and common expressions used.One is able to identify and distinguish between different people, different ethnicities and races as people speak different languages. Each human belongs to a community which makes them speak a specific language and dialect that represent their community and differentiates them from others. Language connects people to their community as they are connected to people that speak the same
Introduction ‘Language gives shape and organisation to thought’ (Winch, Ross- Johnston, March, Ljungdahl & Holliday, 2010. Pg 467). Several fascinating aspects of language include it being a form of communication, which interprets information and passes messages from one person to another. For each individual language is different due to cultural backgrounds and beliefs, different communities and also the individuals’ capabilities. Speaking to a person verbally is not the only form of language, it can be writing, reading, listening and even body language.
Language allows you to receive a greater understanding and appreciation of the culture. Speaking multiple languages opens opportunities to travel globally to diverse destinations around the world. Being able to know another language allows you to visit that home country fluent in that specific language. The ability to be fluent in the language makes it easier to communicate to natives, go visit landmarks and sight see, or read the restaurant menu or maps of the city. Speaking the native language also gives you the confidence in talking with the natives when asking for directions.
It plays a major role in our day to day life. “ Language is essential to every aspect and interaction in our everyday lives. We use language to inform the people around us of what we feel, what we desire, and for questioning and understanding the world around us. We communicate effectively with our words, gestures, and tone of voice in a multitude of situation” (Science museum). After the language started to evolve and involve with the everyday life of human beings, it started developing day by day.
Language can be analyzed from at least two points of view: its use or its framework. Language use is the priority of students in many areas, among them fictional works, emails, conversation and over stated claims, sociology, archaeology, and mindset. Analyzed in research of language use are exactly who say, what they say they are thinking, and what they mean by what they write and say to one another. Included are material analysis and critique of fictional works, research of the history and changes of purpose of terms, and explanations of the social aspects that determine what appropriate conversation actions is. The areas of conversation and over stated claims consist of research of the ways in which language can influence actions.
The more the student is exposed to cultural input, the fluent speaker he becomes and the effective communicator he will be. Nelson Mandela once said: ?If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart.? The language here is not limited to the linguistic competence, but it includes also what is appropriate and what is not in the culture of the language when it comes to communication. Therefore, learning the etiquettes and customs that characterize communicative situations in the culture of language is a must.
It depends on the people that how they admire the language with its culture. It assumes that people should learn foreign language in order to learn a new language but should not completely follow the culture of the language. According to Cem Alptekin (1992), meaning can be interpreted in language by two types of knowledge. One is systematic knowledge and the other is schematic knowledge. Systematic knowledge is formal functions of language i.e semantic and syntactic functions.
In communication, of course they need language to communicate their ideas or thoughts. According to Levinson (1983:284), conversation may be taken to be that of predominant kind of talk which two or more participants freely alternate in speaking, which generally occurs in specific institutional setting like religious services, low courts, classroom and the like. The conversation is also defined as more than merely exchange of information (Richard &
The concepts that are used in this study are based on the concepts of conversation and language. Those concepts are divided into three, the definition of language functions, conversation and conversational analysis. Those concepts are described as follow: 2.2.1 Concept of Language Function English function generally is a communicative means. In simple sense, the word function in English is not more than how the way of people in used their English in daily life According to Halliday (1985:15). In Jacobson book entitled Function of language, he state a language is closely bound up with our everyday experience that we seldom stop to think of the roles at pays, and became common place to quote this in support of the view that conscious thought