What is talk/text? & why we are talking? Talk means to say words aloud in order to express thoughts, feelings, opinions, etc. People are talking with others to find something out or to persuade somebody to do something or to build relationship. To talk in any language, you have to know the words sounds for that particular language & to read/write any text for the same language, you have to know the visual or other symbols. People prefer to use talk in their communication rather than reading/writing because they believe it is produced rapid interaction. I will discuss about some characteristic for everyday talk in English language, the structure & the function of the talk, some theories of sociologist & philosophers in the field of conversation …show more content…
A language practices is routines or activities in which people take part for particular purposes. Discourse analysis is the surface form of what people have said or written, looking carefully at the way they use language. Context is dealing with spoken communication. It refers to the physical location & social circumstances. It includes many elements such as the physical surrounding, the relationship between the speakers, the past shared experience & current goals & the social events & broader cultural values & expectations (Allington, Daniel & Barbara, Mayor, 2012, p. 6). Any language take into consideration the cultural as well as linguistic knowledge. There is different from community to another community & from community itself in speaking the same language. There is a specific range of speaking English language in different uses associated with particular institutions, relationship, and particular social event. “In order to understand the function and meaning of any spoken exchange, we need to know the values held by the speakers and their expectations about language use in that particular cultural context” (Allington, Daniel & Mayor Barbara, 2012, p. …show more content…
It is argued that women are less competitive and more cooperative than men & work hard to make the interaction run smoothly, encouraging others to talk and using more face-saving politeness strategies. Deborah Cameron argues in her book “The Myth of Mars & Venus” that there are similarities than differences in the way both genders talk. She recommended to focus on social roles instead of gender to explain the predisposition to cooperative or competitive talk. Men & Women could express display more sympathetic, convivial style of language with their family & close
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Past leaders such as Andrew Jackson, Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Marc Antony are evidence that society does not reward morality and good character in leadership. Society is drawn to leaders that have good rhetoric, propaganda, and charismatic personalities, and society supports them despite their immorality. Society is concerned about stability more than the morality of their leaders and will support immoral leaders in times of crisis to provide stability. In history there have been multiple leaders that have used rhetoric, propaganda and charismatic personalities to gain power, despite their morals.
Rudolf Steiner, an Austrian philosopher and author, once stated, “The well-being of a community of people working together will be the greater, the less the individual claims for himself the proceeds of his work, the more of these proceeds he makes over to his fellow-workers, the more his own needs are satisfied, not out of his own work but out of the work done by others” (“Recording of Society”). This quote represents the true meaning of a discourse community. A discourse community is a group of social individuals that work together to reach a common goal, understand the same basic values and assumptions, and use a unique kind of communication to reach their set goal or purpose. A good example of a discourse community is the organization
English 1010 was an amazing class, during the period that the class was going on I was able to develop my communication skills and become aware of the world around me and how individuals operate according to what the society wants from them. The English 1010 class helped in developing a new aspect of reasoning, analyzing and drawing adequate conclusion. Furthermore I was to know the kind of informations I can take in and avoid wrong assumptions. Most class assignment were based on distinct formats which was a little difficult for me in the beginning but eventually I was able to follow the procedures which help improve my grades in other classes too. We had a discussion on rhetorical analysis where we analyze the rhetorical strategy used, I
Furthermore, the feministic and male rhetoric parallel the theory of “nature versus nurture” concept. The male version is the nature side, which is harsh and cruel. The feministic approach is the nurture side, which is respectful and caring. These apply to all situations in life where there is the opportunity to present a genuine and benevolent response, or a blunt and crude response. Gearhart states that communication should be viewed as a “woman-like process” (200).
Women try to relate to others and express their emotions more often than men. Deborah Tannen's Perspective She believes that American men talk more in public situations than women, but they talk less at home. I personally agree with everything the author states in this article. She also states that women and men have very different impressions of communication. Tannen states, "Intimacy is the fabric of relationships, and talk is the thread from which it is woven."
Language is used to convey a message as well as connect people to a particular culture or ethnicity he or she identifies with. People who share the same language share a bond and pass their history through language. In chapter one of The Skin That We Speak: Thoughts on Language and Culture in the Classroom Joanne Kilgour Dowdy speak about growing up in Trinidad and her mother insisting on her speaking in the colonizer's language rather than her native Trinidadian language. Joanne Kilgour Dowdy felt as if her identity was being pushed to the side when she was forced to speak “Colonized English” when she was at school or around the social elite of her community, and felt ridiculed from her peers for speaking proper as if she was white or of the elite social class. Dowdy major concern was how to have the freedom to go back and forth from home, language to the public language without feeling judged from both sides of her
John Swales and James Paul Gee discuss about the samic tipic “Discourse”. In my point of view, their understanding of “Discourse” is similar. However, they explain it in different ways. In John Swales’ essay, he gives six defining charactertics of discourse community.
As of today, the English language is considered, and widely accepted as the international language, so knowing how to use this language is on indispensable ability. Culture has shaped our world as we are living in a globalised world, and culture often influences language. When there are thousands of different cultures in one country the language is bound to be impacted. For example, some words from some ethnic groups have made their way into mainstem English usage, for example the words “Yallah and Habibi” words which were once used as slang are now found in the English
Socio-linguist Deborah Tannen demonstrates how men and women communicate differently in her essay “Sex, Lies and Conversation: Why Is It So Hard for Men and Women to Talk to Each Other?” In her observations of communication styles, she discusses the way in which men and women communicate leads them to conflict because they have different understanding of their partners’ role. She also explains male and female communication differences not only cause ineffective conversation, but also push couples into a dilemma in their relationship; however, as men and women better understand the differences, their relationship improves. In the first part of her essay, Tannen discusses men and women do not have enough effective communication, which damages their marriage.
“But What Do You Mean” Relating to Society The question, “why do men and women so often communicate badly, if at all?” Has influenced and motivated Tannen. In “But What Do You Mean” by Deborah Tannen, she discusses many areas of difficulty in communication between men and women. Tannen’s purpose was for her readers to understand the importance of communication, she also has identified several ways in which men and women miscommunicate, and she has taught her readers a few things about our society and how it can be improved.
Morghan Renfrow Instructor C. Shackelford English 1113, Section 101 1 September 2016 Analysts of “How Male and Female Students Use Language Differently” An essay written by Deborah Tannen called “How male and females students use language differently”, is describing how they talk and interact with others. The writer presents different studies on how language changes based on a certain person. The essay states that men are more aggressive and talkative, while women are calm and modest about talking about the views they share.
Language is a universal instinct for communication. Using language to communicate is a natural process, and many may not realize the extent of its cultural influence. A culture may be defined by language, in the same way language is formative of culture and the individual. In “Mother Tongue,” Amy Tan recounts her childhood experience speaking “different Englishes” at home and in public, and how these contrasting dialects came to affect her thoughts and opportunities. The language a person grows up with can shape their identity, affecting not just how they communicate, but their perceptions, worldview, and awareness of cultural biases and norms.
In the essay, “Women Talk Too Much” Janet Holmes argues that while popular notion and worldwide proverbs would suggest that women talk more than men, her evidence leads to an opposite conclusion. However, her ultimate conclusion is that the question cannot be answered with a definitive answer, but instead with “it depends.” In the essay, “Sex Differences” Ronald Macaulay claims that the notion that there are considerable differences in the manner and frequency with which men and women talk is nonsense and that one way that this idea has been perpetuated is through works from more sexist ages. Macaulay states that the difference between men’ and women’s speech patterns is so minuscule that it should not be considered worthy enough evidence
The Genderlect Theory: Explaining Communication Between Men and Women Communication is an essential part of everyday life. People encounter some form of communication with others on a daily basis, whether it is face-to-face, electronically, etc. However, communication is not universal in that everyone interacts with each other through these several methods. Thus, numerous studies about communication from different viewpoints have been conducted.
Kramarae (1981:145), on the other hand, states that ‘men specialize in instrumental or task behaviours and women specialize in expressive or social activities’. Society’s sex-stereotyping of jobs influence girls’ behaviour and expectations, and encourage positive attitude towards language learning while society’s division of tasks and assumptions according to sex is transferred to boys and girls through formal and informal instruction. This alliance between society-education may explain boys’ and girls’ different concerns, attitudes and expectations. Girls’ communicative skills are enhanced if not maximised because of their expected patterns of interaction. Consequently, girls may develop a liking for languages.