Discourse Analysis Examples

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There are lots of types of spoken and written discourses which reflect the public opinion of the media. As well as there are ways to analyze them by using discourse analysis. By the discourse analysis , it means methods and ways that can be applied on the written media discourses. In order to find the reasons behind what makes it cohesive and united units that convey the message and meaning of the writer to the reader. The function of discourse analysis may include balance speech of the mind, interactions, activities, community and institutions.(Gee,1999,p.5) The element that makes the written discourse in a cohesive and meaningful way is cohesion. Cohesion knits the sentences and paragraphs of the discourse in restricted…show more content…
These categories are the relationships which govern the words of the text. Reiteration does not refer to the repeated words only. It does not appear in the same dublicated element but also in the existence of different lexical item that is mainly related to the first one such as synonym or super ordinate of it. This case fits wide generally, without being sure of there is identity of reference or not. So lexical reiteration is not applied only on repeated items.(Halliday and Hasan,1976,p.284) Besides that there is the repetition. Repetition has a very significant role in order to make the text cohesive. In other words, repetition gives the reader hints to make him understand what the text is focusing on. Besides that it makes reader be able to give a brief summary of the whole text if he traces the repeated words. To sum up repetition makes the task of understanding the general meaning so…show more content…
First one is reference can reflect away back in the text but ellipsis and substitution are greatly limited to the previous clause. The second one is that reference and co-reference are typically items which refer to the same thing. But according to ellipsis and substitution the condition is not the same. There is also a difference between reference and substitution. The first one refers to something outside the language and inside it but the last one refers to something inside the language only.(Paltridge,2006,p.142) The fourth category in grammatical cohesion is conjunctions. Conjunctions are links and words that tie and knit the sentences in cohesive manner. They are divided into various types such as: additives, adversatives, causal, temporal and continuatives. The place of conjunctive adjunct is at the beginning of any sentence and it has its significant role. In other words the entire meaning of the adjunct reflects its shadow on the sentence. So the usage of colon and semi-colon after conjunctive adjunct has its importance.(Halliday and

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