Discourse Analysis: The Cultural Nature Of Discourse Studies

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According to (Mills, 2009), discourse is verbal communication or a formal treatment of a subject in speech or writing. This sense in the general use of discourse as having to do with conversation and holding forth on a specific subject has been partly due to the various meanings of the word.(Mills, 2009) also further proposes that Discourse analysis focuses on the structure of naturally occurring spoken language, as commonly found in commentaries, interviews, speeches and conversations. In particular discourse analysis and text can be used in a much broader sense to include all language units with definable communicative function whether written or spoken. The essay below will assess how a researcher can assess discourse analysis through a…show more content…
The defining factor of this multicultural re-orientation of discourse analysis is that it breaks out of the limits of the cultural imperialism on the other hand and maintains multicultural dynamics on the other. The Cultural nature of Discourse Studies Discourse analysis is verily influenced by culture in a number of ways. For research to be done certain aspects have an influence in the way research is done. Certain discursive characteristics and tendencies have been identified notably and proposed by (Xu, 2006): Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) - is modelled upon language as conceptualised in structural linguistics. Language is understood as unfolding and evolving because of many interactions across the world. Many elements are being dialectically interconnected because of discourse. More recently, Critical Discourse analysis stresses the point of multi- disciplinary approach to discourse as a way of incorporating other disciplines such as anthropology, sociology, political science and many more as the apparatus of acquiring more…show more content…
Culturally inappropriate frameworks of research may lead not to just misleading conclusions but also counterproductive to what the research is supposed to achieve. Four aspects of using multicultural paradigms are noted below as suggested by (Gee and Handford 2012). The first important proposed principle is to be culturally conscious, specifically to be multicultural in the selection and application of theory and methods. This basically means that the researcher will stress cultural pluralism anddiversity and oppose cultural imperialism. In analysing the discourse of any culture, the researcher must not be contended with a cultural singular lens but can also draw from other diverse cultural resources. Secondly, the researcher should strive to be holistic in theorising discourses of human cultures. This is important because one should take into account not only the present but the past as well as the future and further what to also consider through intercultural connections. This stresses the importance that the historical and intellectual dialects of discourses must be recognised at the highest

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