As European nations started to make their way to the Americas to broaden and expand their wealth and influence over the ‘New World.’ The first Europeans to explore and settle, this ‘New World’ were the Spanish. However, by the late 1600’s the English had successfully established a dominant presence on the Atlantic coast. Both the Spanish and the English desired to obtain ‘New World’ land for very similar reasons. They both desired silver and gold to add to their country’s vast wealth, as well as what the grains and plants of this ‘New World’ had to offer.
Christopher Columbus reached the North America accidentally while trying to reach India in 1942, which is one of the most significant discoveries in the Age of Discovery. Columbus’ discovery both increase the competition with the Portuguese and with other European countries. After the Portuguese and the Spanish, other countries like England, France, and Netherlands also joined the Age of Discovery. To speak of the impact of the Age of Discovery, there are basically two sides, one is on Europe, and the other is on the new world. Agriculturally, Europe and the New World had similar mutual influence by the other, because they both introduced new plants from each
New Imperialism describes a practice set in motion by the major western powers during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The “New Imperialism” surge that took place in the 1870’s and on through 1905 had come about suddenly due to various factors including many economic, political, and social forces. The European powers, the United States, and the Empire of Japan had somewhat similar circumstances taking place in their own countries, therefore they all had similar reasons to take part in the practice. One major reason for the surge in new imperialism was the economy. This time period was not long after a agricultural revolution, and soon after an industrial revolution.
During the time period of 1450-1750, there were many changes as well as continuities in the economy of the Atlantic world form. One main change during this time was, the involvement of trading European firearms and other foods. This diversified the initial upbringing of the Atlantic world trade, which was different from its original usage of exporting slaves, gold, salt, and other goods. But this was both a positive and negative change for the economical status of the Europeans earnings increased, but negatively as well as there were more weapons used for violence. In relation, a continuity that occurred through this time was the use of the Atlantic world for the trade of African slaves.
The increase in profits led to the demand for more slaves to help plant and harvest the cotton. The slaves were no longer needed in the removal of seeds from cotton but were needed in increase numbers for planting and harvesting. There was a direct correlation between the increase in cotton production and the increase in slave populations
To make more money, King George raised the taxes of the American colonies. Most of the settlers were not all Englishmen, they were immigrants from other countries as well. Many felt like the taxes were too high. Because of these axes, this caused settlers to move west onto uncharted land. This caused the French-Indian war (Espinosa, 2008).
Historically, Western countries and Asian countries always have differences because of different geography, culture, languages, politics and others. Most of West imperialism happened in European courtiers. Beginning of West imperialism, the European countries more focus on gathering scarce resources such as silver, gold, ivory, pepper or slaves from Africa and Indonesia. After these happen, western countries had the industrial revolution. From the industrial revolution, the European countries need lots of labors for the mass of productions, and the place where they sell for it which was their colony countries.
According to mpm.edu “the flow of trade goods steadily increased, dramatically affecting Indian people and their cultures as European-made items increased.” Life of a slave would be much worse. Slaves were brought over either from Africa, and from different plantations in Europe. They were shipped over in huge
France had the aspiration to take their newly formed government and spread it throughout Europe. The Atlantic Slave Trade was the forceful migration of millions of Africans to the Americas. The demand for slaves increased as the demand for commercial agriculture expanded throughout the developing world. Slaves were not only used for agricultural purposes, but also domestic purposes. The demand for sugar would lead to the formation of the Atlantic Slave Trade.
The Europeans were introduced to the New World in 1492 by Christopher Columbus. Columbus was sailing to find a new trade route to Asia,to spread religion & for glory. It impacted both the New and the Old Wolrd in many ways. The Europeans found new land to take over and the Native Americans in the New World were introduced to diseases, and many of their cultures were
The benefits did outweigh the consequences. To start off, I have three topics to support/back up my conclusion that the benefits did outweigh the consequences. Next, the Columbian Exchange. The Native Americans gave the Europeans gold and silver. They also gave them corn, potatoes, beans, vanilla, chocolate, tobacco, and cotton.
Slavery was dying out in Northwestern Europe, but it continued to travel around the Mediterranean Sea. There was numerous aspects that made African slaves the inexpensive labor source. Portugal was exchanging along the West Africa coast and able to purchase slaves at a low price (enslaved). The first African American slaves were taken over to the new world in 1502. In 1502, slaves were mining metals, raising sugar, tobacco, and coffee.
Europeans had taken africans into slavery around 1400-1560, they were taken because labor was much cheaper. Due to slavery their economy was boosted, the economy grew but african families had been split apart. Many men needed slaves for hard work, labor but some older woman usually the mothers or grandmothers were used inside homes to help cook and look after the children, they were also seen as maids to clean the house do dishes ect. Slaves had great experience in the fields also, they were used to taking care of cattle and had been adapted to tropical climate in which people of the “New World” could not work due to sickness, disease. The Africans have had some immunity to the illness, disease because they have lived in and worked on land with similar climate.
There were Spain, England, France, Russia and China expeditions that visited all parts of the Ocean including Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Ocean basin. Europeans were not the only people who explored the larger world. However, what makes the Europeans go on a new world excursion to explore new lands? It is to claim new lands, to make their own empire stronger by obtaining natural resources and to develop new empires.