Discrepancy Between People's Attitudes And Behavior

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What causes the discrepancy between people’s attitudes and behaviour towards protecting the environment?

Attitudes are presumed to influence behavior, but what are the definitions of attitude and behavior? Attitude is defined as a mental predisposition to act, which is expressed by evaluating a particular entity with some degree of favor or disfavor[1], while behavior is the way in which an animal or person behaves in response to a particular situation.

From a psychological perspective, people often expect the behavior of a person to be consistent with the attitudes that he holds under the principle of consistency[2]. However, the attitudes of an individual do not always correlate to his or her actions, and the value-action gap occurs. When
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Most of the people realize the importance of protecting the environment. On the other hand, they reckon that it is not their responsibility to help solving environmental problems, or they do not possess the power to help. It is seen by many people that problems concerning environmental protection should be solved by the government through legislation and law enforcement, although they also know that the reality is that many nations do not stick to environmental rules. Furthermore, the world has gone overboard with development and industrial activities, so much so, in fact, that human can no longer control the damage dealt to environment. Therefore, most of the people consider that they do not need to take responsibility on individual level.

In conclusion, people understand the importance of protecting the environment. Nonetheless, the benefits brought up by development is far more tempting that people are not willing to sacrifice their convenient lifestyle. Human behaviors do not accord to their attitudes when the cost of the action is way too large, and when people believe that the responsibility is solely on the

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