Law enforcement agents are should behave to a standard that is greater than the average civilian. Police brutality comes from an abuse of power granted to the police. Police brutality is often drawn on by overreaction in certain situations drawn on by panic. Police using excessive force in the United States is a crucial dilemma and must be stopped. The regulation of the carrying of firearms reducing the movement of guns would obviously make police officers less nervous, regardless of the color of their skin and that of their interlocutor.
If an African American driver looks nervous, for example, police might interpret the nervousness as a sign of possible guilt and insist on a search” ( Andrews 1). This quotation illustrates that Police would use race, and basis to determine whether the person is innocent. This also shows that police would use racial profiling because if a african american was nervous it could be a possibility of things it doesn 't always mean they are hiding something illegal but policies interpet like that because that is the way blacks are
Within this discrimination, they are basically say that one kind is more likely to do one thing then another. There is evidence that“ ...even deep-seated stereotypes and unconscious biases can be eroded through both education and exposure to minorities who don’t fit common stereotypes...they can be contained when people are held accountable for their decisions. “(Fact Sheet). Racial profiling dehumanizes societies and is a bias act made by authorities. Using Racial profiling creates tension, especially when people are treated differently because of the way they look.
Additionally, although there would be control on firearms, how well would they be enforced? If the laws are not going to be enforced well, others will still possess guns and use them. One last thought on the topic, when there is a mass shooting in the United States, sales of guns go up the next day, this is because citizens feel the need to protect themselves and those around them. American gun culture is very well known as firearms are loved and cherished very much in the history rich United States. Here’s a thought, is the American culture to blame for the need of gun
Because of incidents such as this, police departments issue body armor to officers as apart of their uniform along with patrol rifles housed in police cars in order to match any threat should they arise - in essence the purpose of issuing rifles to officers is to match if not outperform criminals in life or death situations, as a result of which then creates the conflict of police militarization i.e. the issue of police modeling themselves after military tenets along with using militaristic equipment. However most of the stigma surrounding that of police militarization mostly stems from the issue of gun control, especially with the likes of the recent mass shootings. Because of these shootings the general public often associate firearms namely
Introduction Jennifer Ebarhardt who, through her collaboration with different experts in various fields such as law, criminology, novel studies that further law enforcements and judges as well as criminology discover in her studies found out that there is racial bias in today’s policing and sentencing of criminals such that black color is stereotype as group of people who are associated with violence and therefore they mostly received death sentence especially when their victims are whites and therefore they are blacks who are arrested. These behaviors can be best explains using the following theories: General Strain Theory According to this theory, people are involved in crimes because they are not in a position to achieve their goals making them to be frustrated and has the following sources: A person aspiring to become wealth and famous but these aspirations are impossible making them to engage in vandalism or physical attacks which are antisocial forms of behaviors, a person may experience strains due to removal of highly valued stimuli such as migration to new residence will make him/her to get involved in criminal activities in efforts to revenge the loss of highly valued stimuli. Black American youths are unable to meet making them to develop frustration and delinquency. Most of these youths at adolescents age feels compelled to be in a specific environment let’s say school which may proof to be painful to them and since there little they can do to avoid
One of the problems with racial profiling is that it is ineffective, It can be proven to be ineffective by a statistic in Chicago that shows were racial minorities were searched four times as often, but Whites were found with contraband twice as often (12 Racial Profiling Pros and Cons). Racial profiling is also patently illegal, it violates the U.S Constitution’s core promises of equal protection under law and freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures (Racial Profiling). Discriminatory omissions or selective enforcement is mentioned by Macdonald in “The Myth of Racial Profiling” and also by the American Civil Liberties Union and is a problem with law enforcement that dates back to as early as the 1950’s and 60’s when southern sheriffs did nothing about groups like the Ku Klux Klan. A more recent example would be when the local police failed to respond to an African American man’s repeated complaints about property damage and being attacked after moving into a white neighborhood in Maryland, The man was eventually arrested because for shooting his gun while trying to disperse a mob outside his home. Racial profiling also is unethical and can raise racial tensions, it is unethical because it targets specific groups, while this may help narrow down a suspect pool, it also can target people who have committed no crime at all.
The permeation of racial biases into the law enforcement machinery of the United States of America has had adverse effects on the interactions between the police and racial minorities, leading to the unfair – and often, unconstitutional – treatment of African-Americans by policemen. The need to examine the institutional racism in American law enforcement has become particularly pronounced since the Travyon Martin shooting, which brought to attention the fact that systemic racial prejudices sometimes result in the loss of innocent African-American
It is hard to understand the perception and actuality of racial profiling as there is a discrepancy between what really happens and what is perceived to occur (Lee et al, 2007). Race has been one factor that determines the attitudes of individuals towards the police, along with racial profiling (Graziano et al, 2010). The reason race plays such a big role towards police officers is because they misuse their authority throughout certain situations. Graziano et al (2010), also discusses those individuals who feel to be a target of racial profiling have had extremely negative attitudes towards police officers as they have experienced it on a personal bases. The information we receive of racial profiling and police brutality is generated from the media, though sometimes media does not always provide concrete
Mandatory sentencing laws often target moral vices like alcohol, sex, drugs, and to friendships and family via prohibition, and crimes that threaten a person's livelihood. The idea is that there are some crimes that are so serious there is no way to accept the offender back into the general population without first punishing them sufficiently. Some crimes are viewed as serious enough to require an indefinite removal from society by a life sentence, or sometimes capital punishment. It is viewed as a public service to separate these people from the general population, as it is assumed that the nature of the crime or the frequency of violation supersedes the subjective opinion of a judge. Remedying the irregularities in sentencing that arise from judicial discretion are supposed to make sentencing more fair and balanced.
2005, An Analysis of the NYPD 's stop and frisk policy in the context of the claim of racial bias by Andrew Gelman, Jeffrey Fagan, Alex Kiss is about the NYPD records of indicated that they were stopping black and Hispanics more often that they were stopping whites. Minorities are stopped twice as often for violent crimes and a weapons offense. Lower "hit rates" for non-whites is suggested as the targeting of minorities while another suggests dynamics of racial stereotyping and a more passive form of racial preference. Racial Incongruity stops in high rates of minority stop in predominantly white precincts. Being out of place is often a reason for suspicion.
Racial profiling can occur when law officials use race to as a basis to suspicion in non-specific investigations. Creating a profile about the different kinds of minorities who commit certain types of crimes may lead officers to focus more on a particular group and act according to the general stereotype rather than particular behavior. An example of racial profiling could be the use of race to regulate which pedestrians to search for illegal goods or the use of race to regulate which drivers to stop for traffic violations, stopping mostly black or brown colored minorities. Stopping black drivers, just to see what law enforcement might discover, has become so frequent in some places that it has it’s own name: driving while black. A year-long study conducted by the Domestic Human Rights Program of Amnesty International USA found that the unlawful use of race in police, immigration, and airport security procedures has expanded since the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001.
Racial profiling can cause multiple problems. Several law enforcement agencies have gone through expensive litigation over civil rights concerns. Police-citizen relations in those communities have been strained, making policing all the more challenging. Most importantly, racial profiling is unlikely to be an effective policing strategy as criminals can simply shift their activities outside the profile (e.g., if racial profiling begins with police stopping black males in their teens and twenties. The "cumulative impact of racial discrimination accounts for the special, way that blacks have of looking at and evaluating" their experiences in public encounters (Feagin, 1991:115).
I don’t agree with this statement because it implies that African Americans are particularly singled out by the government to receive such a penalty because the government enforces capital punishment in certain states that are predominately black. This cannot be the case. I feel as though more violent and heinous crimes are committed in these cities or counties and therefore have more valid grounds for the sentencing of the death
Even before our nation’s founding, people of color have been discriminated. Decades pass and the criminal justice system is still “racist” labeling people of color as criminal, meaning black equal criminals therefore is fine to discriminate people of color just because they’re criminals. In “The New Jim Crow” the system targets black men because they are associated with crime, meaning crime stands in for race. In the other hand, As Heather Mac Donald writes in her book “The War on Cops”, “The criminal-justice system does treat individual suspects and criminals equally, they concede. But the problem is how society defines crime and criminals” (154).