Aboriginal identity, mental health and suicide rates were outlined throughout this analysis along with the disgusting lack of government aid. As stated above, the aboriginals from the Kattawapiskak River have a strong sense of identity. The persons on these reserves are proud of their traditions and practice resilience in their faith and values, however, the physical and emotional pain these people are put through will soon break their spirits. They can only ask for help from the government so many times before it will be too
In today’s society, men and women are so obsessed with spending money, gambling, it’s an addiction. This addiction tears families apart. A vicious addiction that will leave victims ‘out in the dark,’ so to speak. Men and women frown upon this, as well as the Puritan group. This goes against moral beliefs and religion.
Indigenous people are incarcerated at much higher rates than non-Indigenous in Canada and are incarcerated for longer periods of time (Cook & Roesh, 2012, p.222). Canadians have put Indigenous communities through much heartache and pain. With the colonization of Indigenous people to residential schools, Canadians continue to stigmatize and treat Indigenous people poorly. Indigenous people are more likely to suffer from drug abuse using needles because of the intergenerational trauma suffered through their parents attending residential schools in Canada (Bombay, Matheson, & Anisman, 2014, p. 327). This puts them at a higher criminal risk than others because of what they have been subjected to.
There are many theories that could provide an expatiation to overrepresentation of Aboriginal people in justice system. First is the culture clash theory that was purposed by the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RCAP) (1996), this theory suggests that the overrepresentation occurs when Aboriginal people’s value does not fit to justice system, due to the fact that Aboriginal people concept of justice is different than Euro-Canadian concept. An example of culture clash theory that contributes in overrepresentation of Aboriginal people is a result of non-Aboriginal people understanding the cultural norms of an Aboriginal community. An example of differences in Aboriginal community and non-Aboriginal community is that for Aboriginal
Gloria Jimenez is a mother of two children, and had published her first article in 2013: “Against the Odds, & Against the Common Good” as a comparison essay at Tufts University. In addition, Gloria married right after high school and since had pursued her formal education. The key aspect that Gloria discusses in her essay: “Against the Odds, & Against the Common Good,” describes the misleading dilemmas of lotteries and their advertising methods. Besides the numerous examples, and statistics; she also breaks down the psychological effects it has on individuals who have a gambling addiction.
Not enough information is being provided to gamblers to encourage them to seek help if they have a gambling problem. As a result of the available resources not being advertised properly, the lack of information and communication forces gamblers continue on their destructive paths as they see no way of getting out of their current troubles. This also shows that the managers and employees of gaming institutions have a moral responsibility to communicate the variety forms of treatment available and ensure that the customers are properly taking advantage of the resources at their disposal. Moreover, the communication of false or misleading information is also a factor as to why gambling becomes such a detrimental addiction. Even though there are advertisements communicating the negative consequences of gambling, there are still positive affirmations about the addiction as well.
Aboriginal people continue to be victimized and incarcerated at much higher rates than non-Aboriginal people. The overrepresentation of Canadian Aboriginal people in the criminal justice system is a question that has not yet been answered. This research paper will focus on the risk factors experienced by many Aboriginal people, residential school experiences, and institutional racism, and their roles in the overrepresentation of Canadian Aboriginal people in the criminal justice system. The Canadian government system has tried to deal with this issue, but looking at the high rates of overrepresentation, there approach has not been successful.
This created barriers for them reaching socio-economic equity. Due to Canada’s ineffective dealing with this issue, many of the Aboriginals who live today deal with mental instability, due to the emotional impact it had on them. Unfortunately, due to Canada’s prior actions, this continues in today’s
Institutional racism is unfair practice based on race, discrimination done by Government bodies, corporation, media outlets and schools. This type of racism Favor one ethnicity over another, example of that kind of prejudice can be found all over the Americas, here in Canada there’s been many instances of institutionalize racism, different government services has been set to fail aboriginal and other people of color in Canada since the founding of this nation. There’s various types of racism, we can experience by an institution such as: Face to face encounter, internalized and institutionalized when it widely spread among the personnel. When an ethnicity is stigmatized, they are subject to be alienated.
Aboriginal people are the very first people to inhabit the Canadian land. Many years ago, English and French men came and forcibly took over the land that the Natives owned. They introduced alcohol and many deadly diseases that made the First Nations very vulnerable. For many years they have been systemically oppressed. Oppression is “a set of policies, practices, traditions, norms, definitions, and explanations which function to systematically exploit one social group to the benefit of another social group” (Sensoy, O., DiAngelo, R.).
Aboriginal women are account for 35 percent of the homeless Aboriginal population while non-Aboriginal women are accounted for 27 percent of non Aboriginal homeless population (Walsh et al, 2012) The cycling between poverty, homelessness, and incarceration exist because, in social services are unavailable or inadequate to meet the needs or women and men prior to them coming into conflict with the criminal justice system. This includes education, foster care and systems both of which play critical roles in the lives of young people. Programs for the homeless are still lacking and those that are available within the institution often have a long wait lists (Walsh et al, 2012).
A 2011 survey showed that Indigenous Australians aged 15-64 were less likely to be participating in the labour force than non-Indigenous Australians aged 15-64 (55.9% versus 76.4%). The same survey showed that Indigenous Australians aged 15-64 were three times as likely to be unemployed when compared to non-Indigenous Australians (17.2% compared to 5.5%) (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2014). When comparing these rates to the occurrence rates of family violence in Indigenous Australians versus non-Indigenous Australians mentioned previously, we can see that they support the statement that a stable economy and abundant resources greatly decreases the risk of family violence. Studies in the United States have also shown that when controlling for socio-economic factors, domestic violence levels will be mostly equal among African American communities versus white communities, corroborating the idea that higher levels of poverty are associated with higher levels of family violence (Sokoloff, 2004).
Aboriginal women and domestic violence has a strong correlation. When comparing the extent and severity of violence against Aboriginal women and non-Aboriginal women there is evidence proving that the Aboriginal women have a great chance of facing domestic violence during the duration of their lifespan in comparison to the non-Aboriginal
The problem appears to become evident right from birth with aboriginal woman twice as likely as non-indigenous woman to have a stillborn baby and twice as likely to give birth to an underweight baby (ed. Healey 2000, p.4). During the period between 1991 and 1996, life expectancy for indigenous people was around 20 years than that of their non-indigenous counterparts. The lives of indigenous people are affected by many other health factors, one of most concern is alcohol related problems that impact on their well-being, family structure, and even aboriginal traditional life because they tend to drink more haphazardly. Some of the health risks to which indigenous people are exposed can be attributed the differences between the health of indigenous and non-indigenous people.
Canada is known for its amazing healthcare and it is considered one of the best in the world. In Canada, healthcare is ‘universal’ to its citizens under the Heath Care Act. However, not everyone has equal access to healthcare, Aboriginals being some of them. Aboriginals have trouble getting the access they need because of socio-economic status, geography, lack of infrastructure and staff, language or cultural barriers an more. Aboriginals on reserve face many barriers when it comes to access to healthcare, they include cost, language, distance, climate, education and more.