Post World War 2, the rise of capitalism and growing feminist movements for greater equity for women, resulted in greater participation and representation of women in the public sphere, accompanied by shifting of labor oriented industrial set up towards a more service oriented edifice(Messner 201). This resulted in more commercial visibility for film stars, sports stars and political leaders. While India had a taste of national icons in the field of politics and cinema such as Indira Gandhi, the field of sport, with its obvious disregard for traditional feminity, inherent in its form and content, had not seen an acknowledged woman icon. It is only during the last decade of the 20th century, Indian socio-economic edifice realizing the potential and requirement of women sports icons, decided to cheer its
Research on women’s status has found that the contributions Indian women make to families often are overlooked, and instead they are viewed as economic burdens. There is a strong son preference in India, as sons are expected to care for parents as they age. This son preference, along with high dowry costs for daughters, sometimes results in the mistreatment of daughters. Further, Indian women have low levels of both education and formal labor force participation. They typically have little autonomy, living under the control of first their fathers, then their husbands, and finally their son.
In the Indian society, position of women is always perceived in relation to the man. This perception has given birth to various customs and practices. Violence against women both inside and outside of their home has been a crucial issue in the contemporary Indian society. Women in India constitute near about half of its population and most of them are grinding under the socio-cultural and religious structures. It felt the need that in the era of globalization and modernization the present inclinations of crimes against women is on
In order to understand this representation of women, one must first know the history and general themes prevalent in the Bollywood film industry, as well as the role of women in traditional Indian culture, and how both the traditional and unconventional Indian women are portrayed in films. Talking specifically about movies that centred on women, most early Indian films in the pre-independence era explored traditional culture, folk culture and mythology. These would employ foreign actresses because Indian women were hesitant to expose themselves to the camera. Though women were ubiquitous in popular cinema, they were inevitably denied depth or dimension. This could be attributed to the fact that the audience was pre dominantly male and so were the filmmakers and technicians.
In the modern India, women were given liberties and rights such as freedom of expression and equality as well as right to get education. But still today, we are fighting for crisis such as dowry, female infanticide, sex selective abortions, health, domestic violence
A century and a half ago the Bengal social reformer and his successors and followers focused their attention on the social evils prevalent in the country. The social status of women is largely dependent on the culture and traditions of the community. In ancient times the Aryans gave the status of goddess to the woman. At that time the status of a woman in the house was considered to be that of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. A famous Sanskrit saying maintains that gods inhabit the place where women are worshipped.
The origin of this gender inequality has always been the male dominance. At least in India, a woman still needs the anchor of a husband and a family. Their dominating nature has led women to walk with their head down. It was all practiced from the beginning and is followed till date. India was a nation were inequality prevailed in every section of society.
However these goals are far realized in a country like India. In fact often women in India are deprived of their fundamental right to leave alone the question of gender equality. The present paper explores the questions central to women’s right in India that is fundamentally in nature. The article attempts to grapple with the few challenges faced by the women in India like the dowry, female foeticide, denial inheritance. The objective of the paper is to evolve strategies to empower women who are as beings as men are.
This depiction of woman stands true in the present time as well and these are still the popular themes in a study of television serials as quoted by Chris Barker as ‘Attributes of masculinity and femininity on Indian television’ (Krishnan and Dhinge, 1990). Since ages, the Indian culture has been operating on the basis of the norms laid down by these epics. The women characters may have been powerful enough but the society has been modelled on ‘Sita’ in Ramayana. In the Hindu Mythology ideal women is ‘Sita’. Wendy Doniger calls Sita the ‘official role model’ for Indian women and laments, ‘How different the lives of the actual women in India would have been had Draupadi, instead of Sita, been their official role model!