Healthcare systems have traditionally been constructed around hierarchical perspectives used to train healthcare professionals (Porter-O’Grady and Malloch, 2007). In such hierarchies, senior physicians are often put at the top with certain power distances between other professionals. This can lead to difficulties in patient management when the patients safety is in question, but the healthcare professional involved may be hesitant to question the physician’s treatment plan or are too intimidated to voice out their opinions. In a study of over 2000 healthcare professionals including nurses and pharmacists, nearly half of the respondents felt pressured into administering a medication for which they had concerns, despite previously questioning the prescriber regarding the safety of the order (Institute for Safe Medication Practices, 2004). This was due to feelings of intimidation by the prescriber and an inability to effectively communicate their concerns.
There was a time where people struggled to make a living. The Great Depression was a time of devastation and uncertainty (McCabe 12). In the book “ To Kill a Mockingbird ’’ by Harper Lee, there is multiple historical events that happened. There are Jim Crow laws, Mob Mentalities, and Racism. Those times were harsh for blacks, they had no respect.
Segregation, the separation of different racial groups in a country or city, is the primary cause of racial differences and disparities in a society. This is the main reason which declines a persons health, well-being and lifestyle. The author of this article is trying to state out that segregation between Whites and Blacks is causing a lot of racial differences in their socioeconomic status by determining access to education and employment opportunities. Blacks are the most racial group that is targeted by segregation and this limits the choices they can make and opportunities they can encounter in their life. The author also states and concludes that measures must be taken to eliminate racial disparities in health.
The parts of cities that African Americans where in or an entire cities would be run down and in ruins. Thousands on thousands of people were lacking the means to provide shelter, food, and clothing for themselves yet alone their families. The Federal government knew about the conditions the African Americans were in and did little to nothing assist the needy. Infections even minor ones left former slaves with the burden of unpaid medical bills or the lack of ability to access the proper medical care that they needed. Shortages of these things caused African Americans to resort to the treatment of the diseases with herbal and home remedies that have been pasted down or figured out by themselves by trial and
We can do this by using the three formulations of the categorical imperative. On the other hand, Kant is always looking out for the good of others. He stresses the “do good” diagram and bases his whole hypothesis on this one claim. Kant would say that if a physician was to deny a patient's service because they are African American would say that this is morally wrong, because it makes the patient feel discriminated against. I would say, the only exception Kant would have for a physician denying a patient is that the doctor thinks the patient is unable to comprehend the treatment.
It started with just one mole, and later the cancer metastasized all in her body. I watched her endure such pain and witnessed the doctors give her such strong doses of medicine that made my grandma very unlike her usual vibrant self. All she prayed for was to peacefully pass. Why couldn’t we grant her that one last wish? C) Preview: “Death with Dignity” should be legalized as an option for terminally-ill patients because it alleviates the suffering one must endure, it’s freedom of choice, and it would prevent inhumane ways of suicides.
Du Bois discussed once the southerners became prejudiced against them, all different injustices started unraveling. Firstly, restaurants, bathrooms, schools, and transportation were isolated for their used only. Secondly, they were denied their civil liberties like their right to vote, free speech, or the right to privacy. Thirdly, their human rights were violated. The black folk and their families of 8 to 10 slept in a 1 or 2 room cabin violating their right to a decent life.
Imagine living in a society where the tone of one’s skin subjected them to unfair treatment and rules. This was the reality to African-Americans in the South from the end of the nineteenth century until the middle of the twentieth century. Richard Wright describes the experiences of living with Jim Crow laws in his essay “The Ethics of Living Jim Crow.” African-Americans were oppressed, especially the women, and forced to follow absurd rules. Many times, the police only encouraged these unlawful rules and targeted Blacks. A Black person could not live a life relatively free of conflict even if they adhered to the ethics of Jim Crow.
Life for blacks was never easy. When most people think of a time when blacks were treated unfairly, they immediately think of slavery. Many seem to forget that blacks were continued to be treated as inferior to whites even after slavery. This time period after slavery is known as the Jim Crow era because of the many “Jim Crow” laws that were passed to enforce racial segregation even after slavery was abolished. The Jim Crow era was an era of hardship for African Americans because of the segregation between whites and blacks in public facilities, the harsh treatments by whites, and the fact that blacks always had fewer rights than whites.
It is not just everyday people on the street who overlook mental illness. Doctors are guilty of doing it too. Health Affairs Journal claims doctors do not take mental health as seriously as physical injuries. The 2016 study from Health Affairs Journal concluded that medical professionals are less likely to help or follow up with patients with depression than they are with a chronic physical illness, like diabetes or congestive heart failure. This creates a negative bias in the medical field, which is where the mentally ill need help from the most.
African Americans and other minorities are more likely to die in the hospital from illnesses than whites. Some factors that may contribute to the lack of care for minorities are cultural and religious beliefs, geographic locations, and preferences for treatment (Johnson 2003). Although, these may be factors that contribute to the reason it is not exact. Access to care and research for minorities who suffer from advanced illnesses, palliative care, is limited; the availability of high quality care is not equivalent to those of non-minority races.
We can partially blame the atrocious experimental research conducted by the doctors exposed by Skloot on the era of American culture in which their research took place in. A time in America’s history where places like The Hospital of the Negro Insane and the belief that your doctor is always right existed and patient advocacy and informed written consent forms did not. Individual and population rights were considered a joke for African American at this time. Throughout the book, black Americans were victims of medical experimentation undisclosed to them. The same is true in the time Henrietta Lacks spent in John Hopkins hospital.
Mental illness has been a very underrated medical issue. It was long believed that people with mental illnesses were cursed by a higher being, possessed by the devil, or disgraceful. Children were kept away from their parents and adults were banished from their homes and communities. Although mental illnesses have become less stigmatised over the years, people with mental illnesses, who do not come from middle class or affluent communities, still do not have access to the proper information and care that they need. It seems that those who reside in underserved, urban communities are not aware of the truths of mental health, especially mental illnesses.
Oftentimes, grief can be a challenging thing to overcome as a healthcare provider. It not only stymies people from making sound decisions, but it can end up with blame focused in areas where it should not be. This is with particular regard to patient families. In the case of this 72-year-old patient, there are a number of issues in this situation that are both unethical and downright illegal, including the fact that the patient’s living will is not currently being respected. Legal/Ethical issue 1: The legality of the living will parameters Both the legal and ethical issues of this situation have the do with the legality of the living will.
Later in history, other key factors were responsible for maintaining these inequities. One example of this is "the color line." The color line refers to policies that were implemented with the purpose of segregating African Americans following emancipation. The color line refers to the reservation of desirable employment opportunities for white individuals (Rogers, 2011). Enforced restrictions such as the color line kept minorities in poverty, and with little to no financial assistance, people of color were often left hopeless.