He visited Australia, various islands in the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific, South America, and he even sailed up the Congo River in Africa. He became naturalized British subject in 1886 then in 1894 at the age of 36 Conrad finally left the sea behind him and settled down in England and then Conrad’s literary career began in 1895 with publication of his first novel Almery’s Folly later he wrote two of his most famous novels Lord Jim (1900) and Heart of Darkness (1902). Heart of Darkness is a novella describing a British man 's journey deep into the Congo of Africa, where he encounters the cruel
Characters: Marlow: The main character, Marlow, is storying telling voyages into the Congo to seek Kurtz to understand himself, and the skeptical effects of imperialism. He comes to learn the dark side of human nature through his journeys to the Congo. Mr. Kurtz: Kurtz is a mysterious character whom we learn about primarily
Joseph Conrad 's Heart of Darkness is one of the most known novels in English literature. The story begins when Marlow, who works for a Belgian company, went on a journey to the heart of Africa as a steamship captain. Through his journey, he heard the name of Kurtz for the first time. Then the name repeated many times, which made Marlow, who is our narrator in addition to another unknown narrator, interested to know about Kurtz. Kurtz works for the company as an ivory trader in the Congo which was at that time one of Belgium 's colonies.
With the second hand encounter, from others in the Congo, of who Kurtz is as a man, Marlow’s perception of Kurtz is one of grandiose achievements. Krutz is a man who came to Africa to civilize the natives and is the embodiment of the European’s justifications for imperialism, and he is expected to rise in his ranks. Furthermore, compared to the petty ambitions and hypocrisy, Kurtz’s alienation from the company’s men appeals to Marlow as he appears to
(6) Interestingly, Conrad's immersion with one character's physical and psychological experience in the Congo represents the social phenomenon of European Imperialism as a whole. Conrad explores all the themes related to Imperialism, including oppression, madness, hypocrisy, and wilderness. The overall image of Imperialism painted from this novella is a dark one, speckled with uncertainty, confusion, and
Published in the year 1902, Joseph Conrad’s “Heart of Darkness” is a story told in the frame narrative voice. The story talks about a voyage the main character, Marlow, embarks on. Throughout Conrad’s novella, Marlow journeys up the Congo River which is assumed to be in Africa. “Heart of Darkness” can be observed and viewed as a mythical journey in search of oneself as well as the search for what we believe is the truth. Marlow also travels up the Congo River in pursuit of a white man, Kurtz, who is an ivory trader.
Their works focus on the dark side of imperialism and the effects it had on the colonized states and the people in the states. In Shooting and Elephant, the conflict is between George Orwell and the natives over an unruly elephant, and in Heart of Darkness the readers travel into the depths of not only Africa, but of the human soul, where heartless acts take place. When Marlow reaches Africa, he witnesses the inhumanity upon the native people. The trading companies treat the natives like slaves by taking advantage of them and forcing them to work hard. The Europeans are trying to prove that they are stronger by purposely targeting a weaker country that is less developed for their economic benefit.
As Marlow is meeting with other explores in the Thames River, Marlow begins to tell his story about the horrors that he encounters while in the peak of the ivory trade in the Congo. Marlow made his way down to the Congo because he was contracted by The Company by the booming business of Ivory down in the African Congo. The company was a group of men who would patiently wait for something to happen. Marlow gets the word about a guy named Kurtz who is living in the inner station and decides to meet up with him, but the only way to get to him is through an old steamboat. As Marlow begins his journey to meet up Kurtz he encounters a series of cruelty and darkness in the heart of Africa.
There are a various ways to consider the meaning of the title (Heart of Darkness) on its own or as it relates to the story. The title implies that Africa is the Heart of Darkness, where white people (Marlow and Kurtz) go there to save Africans. Black natives are depicted living in darkness, needing to be brought into the light of civilization and white people seemingly have this enlightening knowledge. In the time of colonialism, Africa was frequently referred to as the "Dark Continent.” The darkness of the continent could refer to its unknown quality or the darkness of the people who resided there. The story takes place during a period of colonialism and great racism, and "darkness" in this context might very well have racist overtones.
The theme of Heart of Darkness is the conditions prevailing in the Congo under the imperialist rule of the Belgian King, Leopold II. These conditions include the impact of the white traders and explorers on the life of the African (or Congolese) savages, and the influence of the native way of life on the white men, with special reference to one man named Mr. Kurtz. In fact, Conrad’s novel ha several themes: the theme of self-restraint, theme of working of the sub-conscious mind of man, the theme of the exploration of a little-known Continent, the theme of the influence of barbarism and primitivism on a civilised man when he is cut off from civilised society and the obvious theme of the imperialist exploration of a backward country. Conrad’s treatment of the theme of white imperialism was influenced by his own visit to the Congo and his exploration of that dark country. His rendering of Marlow’s conscious and subconscious thoughts was also based upon his own reactions to what he had himself seen in the course of his voyage through the dark country of Congo in a streamer on the river Congo.