Between 1865 and 1900, immigration, government action, and technology impacted the social, cultural, and economic realms of the American Industrial worker. Immigration increased greatly to America because the industry was booming, and news of this new, industrial America was spreading throughout Europe. The government took actions to help the average industrial worker, such as the Chinese Exclusion Act, the Interstate Commerce Act, and the Hatch Act. Technology affected the industrial worker through inventions, reinvented landscapes, and convenience. Immigration largely affect the American industrial workers in many ways.
Before the American Civil War, both the Northerners and Southerners states were making economic advances. The railway allowed for the formation of a communication system that was national. The availability of railroads made the settlements of the western states easier. Immigration had a steady increasing rate and economy was booming for the North. They also discovered mineral resources that boosted the iron and textile industries of the North.
The industrialization period was regarded as an amazing period of growth in America. The population was growing at a rapid rate. The building of railroads contributed largely to the Industrialization, expansion from about 30,000 miles of track before the Civil War to nearly 270,000 miles in 1900. The abundance of natural resources: coal, iron, timber, petroleum and waterpower contributed to this remarkable growth. Labor was in high demand to run these new factories.
The industrial revolution is one of the biggest and positive achievement that this world has experienced. Despite the challenges being faced from the move, a human being has seen more achievements compared to challenges. The industrial revolution led to the mechanization of many tools that were used in doing work (Stearns 61). Moreover, those regions with industries grew up to become urban centers as compared to the earlier period when the entire land was a rural area. This period marked the change to the powered and special purpose machines, factories and the mass production of goods.
Nathan Huot Chapter 22 Notes Causes of the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was caused by economic development, population growth, agricultural revolution, expansion of trade, and an openness to innovation. The population in Europe rose exponentially with the fastest growth occurring in England and Wales where the population rose from 5.5 million in 1688, to 9 million in 1801, and 18 million by 1851. The Agricultural Revolution, which helped the innovations in manufacturing in the Industrial Revolution, was a revolution in farming that provided food for the city dwellers and forced poorer peasants off the land. In Europe, increasing production by traditional ways was a solution to the increasing demand that accompanied population
A Brief Story of the United States Trade Unions In the United States, such as in most of other countries, agriculture played a very important role in the beginning of the enrichment decades. Native, African and White Americans were not the only ethnicities in the country by that time. Immigrants - mostly from Asia and Europe - started to arrive in the US seeking for job and the dream of wealth. Thanks for this population growth, the labor force was duplicated and the landlords realized it was time to spread their goods all over the country. The exploration of gold and steel mining was also another great business in that past period of time named “The Gilded Age” and it was important to make the country expand itself through the rural exodus combined with the construction of railroads that helped not only the commerce development but it also influenced the arise of new industries on its way
The popularization of urbanization and the development of labor-productive technology during this time allowed for large corporations to erect to produce desired goods for the rest of the population. With these corporations in desperate need of a source of production, the opportunity rose for sweatshops to make a breakthrough; as a result, employment moved off of the farms and to the upgrading cities as the economy shifted from an agricultural focus towards a more industrial focus (Pugatch). The most prevalent industry to utilize the surging sweatshops was the textile industry specifically in England, New England, and New York (Pugatch). The highly sought textiles around the world helped lead the rise of free trade and globalization, supporting the ascendancy of sweatshops in countries to produce more and higher quality products than competing countries. In these sweatshops, the “sweating system” was emerged and originally referred to the relationship between the manufacturers, subcontractors, and laborers, naturally forming a business hierarchy (“Sweatshops in Urban American History”).
Due to the growth in jobs and economy, The Second Industrial Revolution was born. For example, Eric Foner, the author of Give me Liberty stated,“the country enjoyed abundant natural resources, a growing supply of labor, an expanding market for manufactured goods, and the availability of capital for investment….”(Foner, 2014, page 593). The new territories that the United States acquired after the Civil War gave Americans motivation to innovate their country through the industrial industry. Jobs such as factory production, mining and railroad construction were all in high demand and gave thousands of unemployed Americans and immigrants employment. During The Second Industrial Revolution, employers
The federal bureaucracy grew because the demand for structure and economic growth grew tremendously within major organizations. For example, transportation, farming, housing, and commerce of labor. These organizations developed because the economy was growing and needed needs to be met. Individuals were hired based on their educational backgrounds. They also used a patronage system where people are appointed a government position as a reward for their political services and loyalty they rendered (Patterson, 2013).
Industrialization is a primary cause of organic society as it began individualization through specializing workers within the society. This is known as the division of labour. Side effects of the division of labour are an increase in ego and increased productivity within the workforce. Prior to industrialization there were often famines and in places such as Europe around 80% of the work force was in agriculture. As technology improved and became a part of production the workers could facilitate adequate amounts food.
During the period of 1870 to 1900 large corporations, such as the railway company, grew significantly in size, number, and influence. The cause of this was the need for a new way of transportation, the demand was great so the railways expanded all over the United States so that they could meet these demands. These large corporations affected the economy by making it easier to pay for everyday chores, politics in the way that it gave politicians too much power but in doing so gave normal limited power. The corporations had great power and influence which made them a huge impact to society. The economy was consistent in the United States during the 1870’s but as the years went on large businesses were able to lower the cost of food prices, fuel and lighting
How did the booming economy of the 1920’s affect the standard of living of the laboring man and create a new consumer economy? While the Gilded Age proved to be a challenging time for the laboring man by requiring whole families including small children to work long hours for little pay, the 1920’s was a prosperous time for Americans. Not only did wages increase, but a booming economy meant innovation that led to more products being available for consumers. Now that workers were being treated as shoppers, they acquired a purchasing power that heightened the booming American economy. This new found consumerism was steadily increased by new and wide sweeping advertising and the mass distribution of goods through chain stores.
After the Civil War, the American Industrial Revolution made the Americans the most industrialized people in the world. This economic phenomenon was unprecedented in history. There were several factors that led the American economic prowess and prosperity. The Americans were blessed with natural resources. A liberal immigration policy insured a steady work force.
What were the main reasons for America turning outward (i.e., becoming an international or global power)? I think the main reason for America turning outward , in 1890s because of in manufacturing capabilities and export. On that time America was also becoming more power generated population growth,wealth and productive capacity. Missionaries also played a big an important role in America turning outward. I think the another major fact was the idea that America was support and help the other weaker nations.