Environmental pollution made by industrial emissions has a detrimental effect on humans, animals, plants, soil, buildings and structures. It reduces the transparency of the atmosphere, increases the humidity, pollutes the water and soil and expands the diseases. In order to produce more corporation have to pollute more and buy the carbon credits from other countries. But what is the reason behind? Can corporations improve their technology?
Globalization and Public Health It is apparent that the flow of people, food, and manufactured goods can have many negative impacts on public health worldwide. The spread of infectious diseases such as the West Nile Virus and H1N1 – better known as the “swine flu” – have shown us that this ease of transport comes with a price. However, it is difficult to say if we should take measures to reduce the exchanges that have brought our world closer and closer together. We have grown so used to having things so connected and available that reducing this would regress the world as we know it. While there may be less and far slower spreads of the disease, I believe that one way or another, it would still happen.
When diseases are not managed it is mainly because of globalization. Globalization has increased the urgency and change and changed the way in which nations must protect and promote health, in part due to the growing number of health hazards that increasingly cross national boundaries (Dodgson et al., 2002; Lee, 2002, 2003). These threats include infectious diseases, such as avian flu, swine flu, and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), as well as unhealthy imports, such as tobacco, which heighten the risk of many non-communicable and chronic diseases. (Press, 2009) Some other chronic diseases that are not managed are caused by certain risk factors like an unhealthy diet, no physical activity, and tobacco use can cause premature deaths. In order for you to try and manage how to prevent a disease you will need to do some research.
It has also improved roads and public services for the local people. However, there is growing concern about how this type of development will affect the Pacific Coast in the long run. Rapid residential tourism is damaging Costa Rica’s international image as a green and sustainable destination. Not only that but it is also negatively impacting the environment; both of which will be certain to have a negative impact on the future economy. Two major areas of concern are fresh water and inadequate sanitary infrastructure (septic tanks, sewage systems, waste treatment plants, aqueducts and landfills).
This is because the consumption of fossil fuels generates the likelihood for global climate change, cross country pollution such as acid rain and ecosystem degradation due to mining activities and transportation of these fuels by TNC’s. From this inference, one might argue that economic globalization stimulates the need for globalization of the environmental system according to established international trade norms. These established norms imply that it is arguably commanding to have a worldwide network of information and management that can guarantee the sustainable use of resources (Beck, 1998: 279). From this argument, international relations scholars asserts that environmental distresses have not only stirred on to the wider sphere of the international policy arena, but they have become a dominant force among contemporary world actors including TNC’s. Thus, the promotion of environmental friendly foreign policies by states is seen as a free market environmentalism approach.
If the movement of people, food, and manufactured goods can have such a negative impact on public health, should steps be taken to reduce these flows? What other options are there for lowering the spread of global diseases? How does increased trade in food lead to the spread of food-borne illnesses? What measures can be taken to reduce the incidence of these diseases? The increased movement of people, food, and manufactured goods, which is one of the defining feature of globalization, is often criticized for having a negative impact on public health (The LEVIN Institute, n.d.).
It may be possible that the laws and regulations are lenient in host nation as compared to home nation. Environmental regulations – Ethical issues arise when the environmental regulations of host country are stringent to home country. This may result into increased pollution levels thereby attracting the penalties. Corruption – Corruption is one of the major issues which still continues in the society. Many international businesses have gained economic advantage as they pay to the government officials.
As these problems become more and more persistent, the boundaries of states become increasingly distorted. This implies that, the wasteful use of coal or the inability to treat communicable disease in one state not only devastates that states’ environment and population, but it also has direct and often dramatic consequences for the other states also for instance the spread of avian influenza (H5N1) throughout Asia since 2003, across to Europe and the Middle East, as well as Africa. More so, as the rapid growth in the number of international environmental agreements since the 1970’s indicates, the resolution of these kinds of problems requires extensive cooperation and coordination among states in the formulation and implementation of policies. The United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) has a record that lists close to 200 multilateral environmental agreements and amendments to existing agreements, most of which have been established since the Stockholm Conference which was the first universal recognition of environmental awareness in 1972 ( Susskind, 2002; MacNeill, 1990; and Gallagher,1968). Accordingly, scholars argue that it emanates as no surprise that the path of international climate diplomacy has always been a shaky one and this is especially true since the
This is just one example of the many causes of what waste can do to both people and their environments. Therefore, continuous dumping of the outdated commodities into the environment with the technological advancement continually impacts the environment negatively (Hummer7). In addition, the media has also played a key role in discouraging g the use of different products and updates on the current trends. With the increase in the pollutants in the environment causes different health hazards and sometimes death. Therefore in order to reduce wastes and the consequent effects on our lives, there must be a change in the consumer buying culture and
Therefore, there are several causes and negative effects of environmental degradation provided in this essay with some recommendations to prevent it. According to www.conserve-energy-future.com, the first factor causing environmental degradation is overpopulation. Rinkesh, World’s Top Eco-Conscious Bloggers and website owner, stated that overpopulation leads to excessive consumption of goods and necessities which impacts natural resources. This is because more people demand more food, clothes, shelter and fuel. Because of this demand, their living space needs to be expanded in order to grow food and provide homes for people.