M icrobiology laboratory is a branch of medical laboratory. Interested in studying infectious diseases, which is the microorganisms . There are four type of microorganisms that causes infectious disease are bacteria, parasites, fungi and viruses. The microbiology laboratory is study the microorganism that cannot be seen by the eyes . The microbiology laboratory is take a sample from patient to know what type of bacteria or another microorganism a causing the disease, and what the best treatment for it.
This occurs due to wrong coding for the protein in haemoglobin which causes haemoglobin to not form properly. This anaemia is a recessive gene and when an individual is a carrier, it provides an advantage against malaria. Malaria is a life-threatening blood disease caused by a parasite called Plasmodium that is transmitted to humans by an infected Anopheles mosquito through biting. Malaria is a preventable and treatable disease (MNT). Both sickle cell anaemia and malaria happen in Africa, South America and in some parts of Asia and the most deaths caused by the malarial
Yellow fever is an example of a communicable disease. Infectious disease is when bacteria, protozoans, fungi, or viruses enter the body, which will grow and produce more of their own kind. An example for an infectious disease would be like food poisoning or having upper respiratory tract infection. These terms are similar because both can harm the person that is sick. 2) What are the types of disease (by occurrence)
The Immune System, which the cell attacks, is responsible for warding off enemies from the body. It consists of many parts, most notably lymph nodes, white blood cells, and lymphocytes.. When an infection is spotted, white blood cells swarm it and attack it. If the white blood cells cannot handle the infection, lymph nodes create lymphocytes, which attack the infection with renewed force, and help prevent infection in the future (Human Biology 149).
A common example of directional selection is the human struggle against malaria. Plasmodium is spread by the bites of
Since Ebola virus was unknown previously the symptoms resembled many diseases such as malaria, marburg and rabies. So any individual would think that he or she might have eye infection due to the redness of the eye. Moreover, they might emerge into another country and spreading the disease due to the phobia or anxiety without having any clue. Instead of getting frightened and fearful the best solution is to encounter the disease and find possible solution to stop the
An important factor that affects the prairie dog and black footed ferret populations is the density of the host population. The density of the prairie dog population remains more susceptible to the exchange of the plague. The plague moves quickly between colonies with the help of other predators. Fleas primarily transmit the plague to prairie dogs and black footed ferrets. Two main
Pathogens are biological agents; generalized as single cellular microorganism that can vary from virus, fungi or bacteria they are commonly the first link to the chain of infection. Through several substrates and pathways these biological agents invade the host and procreate disrupting the normal physiology of the multi cellular organism, resulting in illness or disease. They are so adaptable they can affect unicellular organisms from biological kingdoms. There are thousands of different pathogens that have unique types of infection or parasitism. However they also have common traits, all successful pathogens access the host through several ways, in doing so invades the host defences allowing for replications and creating a permissive niche.
Streptococcus pyogenes destroy red platelets, white platelets that is the body defense system, and other body cells. With the immune system compromised Streptococcus pyogenes is capable of causing many different diseases. These diseases range from mild, like strep throat and impetigo, to severe, like necrotizing fasciitis, and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. The bacteria typically enters the body through an open of the skin causing infection just below the skin that spreads to deeper
This specific bacteria attacks the lymph system causing the infection to spread throughout the body. The reservoirs of this bacteria and disease are mice, rats, squirrels and other small animals. A reservoir is a host of an infection. The vector, meaning carrier, is insects such as fleas and
When health professionals are looking to control and prevent an infectious disease, they consult the chain of infection to see where the cycle of infection can be broken. The cycle consists of the microorganism, the reservoir/source, the port of exit, the means of transport, the port of entry, and the susceptible host. Starting with classifying the infection as bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral in origin is useful because some bacterium can be killed with antibiotics, some parasites with pesticides, etc. Identifying where the infection stems from is used to create interventions such as water/air sanitation efforts, and properly disposing of and sterilizing medical equipment. Efforts, such as proper handwashing, wearing protective clothing,
The Plagues and Vector-Borne Diseases that Should be Considered Plagues Plague. What is it? In Layman terms, it is basically the transmission of potential life threatening bacteria from the environment to human beings. Plague infected organisms are highly contagious and the chances of surviving from plague are also slim as often there is either lack of proper medical attention or not having a cure for the particular plague . Recently there have been various strains of bacteria that have acted as plague bacterium as they have similar characteristics as the original plague had.