Robespierre believed himself to be a saviour of France and intended to provide stability. Nevertheless, his subsequent actions proved to be counterproductive to the revolution and detrimental to the French people. The French Revolution was based upon fear and uncertainty which was exploited by Robespierre illustrating his dictatorial behaviour. Robespierre actively encouraged the riots and violence that plagued France during the Terror because he believed that fear and terror was necessary for the revolution to succeed, claiming that “terror is nothing else than swift, severe, indomitable justice” (Robespierre, 1794).
This was a big step forward to fixing the rigid social structure of France and opposing the monarchy’s oppression of peasants. Additionally, Louis was convicted of crimes such as conspiring against liberty. He was later executed on January 21, 1793. (Scandiffio) This shows that the monarchy was seen as very detrimental to the ideal of liberty, the conviction and execution of the king marked the end of the monarchy which was formerly a vital feature of the Old Regime.
A Study on the Violation of Fundamental Rights in Nineteen Eighty-Four and Animal Farm 1. Introduction to Fundamental Rights and their Violation in Nineteen Eighty-Four and Animal Farm In the totalitarian societies presented in Nineteen Eighty-Four and in Animal Farm by George Orwell, the violation of fundamental rights is notable. The few powerful men/animals are seen to oppress the weaker ones and this act is accomplished by means of snatching away the fundamental human rights. By definition, “Fundamental Rights are the basic rights of the people”.
Throughout the novels Night by Elie Wiesel, The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, Disgrace by J. M. Coetzee and Cry the Beloved Country by Alan Paton, there are clear themes of rebellion, revolution or both. A rebellion is defined as an effort by many people to change the government or leader of a country by use of protest or violence. It may also be defined as open opposition towards a person or group in authority or the refusal to obey rules or accept the normal standards of behavior. A revolution is defined as a forcible overthrow of a government or social order, in favour of a new system. It may also be defined as a radical and pervasive change in society and the social structure; it is usually sudden and accompanied by violence.
He showed the aspects of “he is dependent upon endless affirmation from others in the form of approval, flattery…the more desperately he clings to the belief that he is his idealized image, the more violent the hatred” (Our Inner Conflicts p. 110 ~p. 111). Also he showed his tendency of “He must in his own mind feel superior in some way – regardless of any particular drive to excel” (Our Inner Conflicts p. 101). Some of the actual strengths and accomplishments that Sooyang had was not able to achieved. By eliminating his surrounding people that opposes to him, he was written as a cruel king of Chosun dynasty.
One example occurs when the author state that the most significant and the most hardest thing to work on by the animals is actually Napoleon’s own creation. “The windmill was, in fact, Napoleon’s own creation” (57). This explanation means Napoleon is the one who wants the hard work go toward the animals. This phrase is significant on the use of accusation by dictators because at first, Snowball suggests to have a windmill and Napoleon opposes but it turns out that Napoleon is the owner of windmill. Another example from the book is when Napoleon uses accusation to bring misunderstanding to animals about Snowball being Jones’s spy.
Napoleon has made himself the dictator of the farm, he even has his own security dogs. It became evident that Napoleon was the leader of the animals as soon as he slaughtered the animals at the yard of the farm house, the reason being: communication with Snowball. The killing of animals shows another abuse of power by Napoleon and directly violates Commandment #6 which states that “no animal shall kill any other animal.” (Orwell 25) Napoleon violated this rule to instill fear and maintain power over the other animals. This signaled to the other animals that they should not cross Napoleon or disobey
Both the French and Russian Revolutions had radical wings that got in the way of the original purpose of the Revolution. The Petrograd Soviet’s radical reforms angered the people just as the radical Mountain angered the people. Additionally, the failure of the original revolutions called for one person to stand up and overthrow the preexisting government to establish a new one. In the case of France, Napoleon staged a coup which eventually led to him crowning himself emperor and maybe in even some ways acting as a dictator. In Russia, Lenin had to step up with Trotsky’s help to overthrow the provisional government and establish his dictatorial socialist government.
First, they’ve experienced violence under the tyranny of their leaders. It is said that the Animals where being executed by Napeleon for those who will be against his will. Whereas in Billy Budd, members in the cruise are being punished extremely because people are abiding the rules. This implicates that the leaders of the said book are being abusive to their power and violent to his constituents. In addition, the story also shows the naiveté of Billy Budd and Boxer in Animal farm believing that their leaders are always right.
CHAPTER 3: PARALLELS BETWEEN RUSSIAN REVOLUTION AND ANIMAL FARM THROUGH EVENTS AND CHARACTERS “In the time of universal deceit telling the truth is a revolutionary act.” Orwell. G 1949 George Orwell’s influential novel Animal Farm ultimately turned out to be a political commentary and presumably an allegory which revolves around Russian Revolution. Basically, parallel means occurring or existing in corresponding manner. There are number of events which directly correspond to Soviet Russia.
The reasons use a variety of literary devices and parallelism. Also in the introduction contains the philosophy upon which the declaration is based. This philosophy is that “All men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights” and that the reason for instituting these governments is to ensure these rights. When the government tries to remove the rights from the people, the governed people should have the right to rebel. There are a few different main points in the body of the Declaration.
The Waitress from the Coming of Age in Mississippi I have never seen how Americans treated colored people in person, but I knew there were rules that colored people had to follow. I was 17 years old and my parents decided that it was time for me to work, so that I could earn my own money. It was my first day at work, and I thought that everything was going to be fine, but I was wrong. It was at 11:15 am when everything went down south. Three colored people entered the diner, one male and two females.
”(Doc 3) This demonstrates that the removal of the Edict of Nantes drove people insane because it granted the people France substantial rights, however when the rights were removed by Louis XIV people became infuriated, which is another reason to why the French Revolution occurred. Fundamentally, the actions that Louis XIV took had a great impact towards his people. His actions ultimately led the people of France initiate the French Revolution, which left France and its people in a vulnerable
People created change by revolting against the power who enslaved them. The Haitians created change by rising against their captors based on the text. With that revolution, the French had lost money from the war that they were fighting and had to make some tough decisions. According to the text, the Haitians revolted against the French, and because of that, the French lost money because Haiti was the wealthiest colony of the French.
Civil disobedience does lead to progress, just like Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King Jr. disobeyed the laws which gave African Americans more rights. Rosa Parks is an American Civil Rights Activist. On Dec. 1, 1955, Parks disobeyed the bus driver when he told her to give up her seat in the colored section to a white person just because the white section was filled. She got arrested because she violated Alabama 's segregation laws. Although others African-Americans had already been arrested for the same thing, Park 's case went all the way to state, so she was the best candidate to challenge the court.