The Crito is Plato’s account of the conversation that took place between Socrates and his wealthy friend Crito in a prison cell while he awaited execution. Crito is amazed by how serene and peaceful his friend Socrates is sleeping (Plato, Tredennick, & Tarrant, 2003, p79). At the same time, Crito is sleepless and depressed, and it would be not hard to think that Socrates should be the person in that state. Crito is desperately attempting to convince Socrates that his execution would mean not only losing an irreplaceable friend, but that he would be forever blamed for not saving him due to the fact that nobody would believe him that it would be Socrates would refuse such an offer. Crito’s worries that negative public opinion would not only tarnish him, but all of Socrates followers as well.
During Plato’s Crito, the titles namesake, goes and visits Socrates as his friend. Crito tells Socrates that arrangements have been made, and he is there to smuggle Socrates out of prison. Everybody knows—including Socrates—that he has been wrongly convicted. Instead of leaving with Crito, Socrates says that he should not make a hasty decision, and instead examine the different possibilities. Socrates says that whatever he decides it must be just.
While Socrates awaits his death in prison, Crito visits him one day to discuss Socrates choice to stay and await his penalty. Crito has various criticisms of Socrates’s decision which I will present and explain. I will then explore how Socrates responds to each of Crito’s criticisms and the successfulness of his responses. Finally, I will analyze Socrates’s response and give my own opinion of its effectiveness.
Crito was very persistent on convincing Socrates to escape his death by bring up many arguments. The first argument Crito had brought up was that he did not want to lose Socrates because he is a “one of kind” friend to him plus he implied his reputation will be tarnished due to not helping his special friend. Crito is worried that many people in society will look at him wrong for not helping Socrates during this difficult time. Crito second argument was basically advising Socrates that he should not be too harsh on himself for what he claimed in the court house regarding him not wanting to be an exile. Socrates’s Children were brought up in the third argument.
During the final moments in the Socrates trial before the final decision would be made if Socrates were guilty or not guilty for his actions, he made a statement saying, “the unexamined life is not worth living”. Socrates has a very deep meaning with this bold statement that he wanted to expose to the Athenian people. Throughout the trial, Socrates stated many points that describe what the unexamined life is not worth living towards his “New” accusers. He pointed how we need to examine and reflect upon our life to truly get a true understanding of our nature/world.
Plato’s Crito takes place in the jail cell of Socrates, who is wrongfully committed for a crime and is subjected to death. Socrates friends, including Crito, formulate a plan to bribe the guard overlooking Socrates and help him escape in order to give him a peaceful life in exile. Yet, Socrates objects to all of these actions and chooses to face death for many valid reasons. Socrates does not take a stance about whether escaping looks good or bad, instead he lets other people decide whether it is good or bad, for it reflects on them and not on Socrates. Socrates views escaping his unjust punishment as wrongful due to his gratitude, consistency, and loyalty to the laws and order of the government.
Socrates believes that one's focus should be on what is morally right and wrong, which should be independent of what society thinks. Socrates articulates that moral right and wrong depends on our own intuition on whether we believe that our actions is inflicting evil on others. Furthermore if he escapes prison he has inflicted evil on his government because of his obligation to keep the laws of the government. Socrates continues to say that like his parents, the government deserves his obedience. I agree with Socrates that it all boils down to our morality and our own reason to what constitutes to civil disobedience.
To be just or to be served an injustice and obey, this is the very basis of the philosophical dialogue between Socrates and Crito. The Crito begins as one of Socrates’ wealthy friends, Crito, offers Socrates a path to freedom—to escape from Athens. Through the ensuing dialogue, Socrates examines, as a man who is bound by principles of justice, whether an unjust verdict should be responded to with injustice. In the dialogue between Socrates and Crito, Socrates outlines his main arguments and principles that prevent him from escaping under such circumstances. Socrates is under guard when Crito visits him, thus the plan to escape.
In “Apoligy” Socrates refused to admit his accusation, but in “Crito” he chose to accept the death instead of escaping. His value towards justice can be reflected by much of his word that “justice” is not limited to individuals but at a higher level; it is like a shared value inside all human being. When Crito said his worry of “shameful reputation” of spending money for friend”, Socrates asked him why he needed to consider other people’s opinions. “The best people, who are more deserving of our attention, will believe that the matter was handled in just the way it is.” (44c)
In Plato’s Crito, we see that he tries to point out the problem of political obligations of the citizen by using the relationship between Socrates and Crito and how they have different views on these obligations. As known, Plato portrays Socrates as a model citizen. Socrates has just been sentenced to death, but is sent to jail as he awaits his fatal fate. Socrates believes in the commitment to civic obligations and the rule of law and is willing to stand by his beliefs, even if he has to stay in jail and even if he will be in danger of being put to death. His friend Crito tries to talk him into attempting to escape the jail, by talking about voluntary injustice, talkina about how citizens regard the rule of law as just but they have the will to commit injustices.
"Common Disobedience" by Henry David Thoreau was a methods for instructing individuals on why they ought not make due with a not as much as immaculate government. On the off chance that individuals against their group or government, a few people may make a development, or few creating nations individuals may bring about insurgency or war, however Thoreau's equity is "noncompliance. " they may endure in the event that they do meddle with the present government.
Michelle DeLude Contrast the views of Plato in Crito and Martin Luther King, Jr. in “A letter From a Birmingham Jail” on law whether one may permissibly disobey an unjust law or an unjust use of a just law. Explain both positions and evaluate, giving reason, which view you think presents the better argument. To have a political obligation is to have a moral duty to obey the laws of one’s State or Country. Political activists and Philosophers alike have struggled to evaluate the conditions under which people are morally entitled to disobey the law or an unjust use of a just law.