As showcased by Chicago, gang violence can be executed based on a multitude of reasons. Gang violence particularly in Chicago is a record high and is forecasted to grow. The several existing organizations aimed to combat gang violence are failing. It has been suggested that this is due to the inability of Chicago authorities to successfully process homicide suspects and to keep convicted felons off the streets. Additionally, the inability of authorities to address the poor living conditions of the most poverty-ridden neighbourhoods, those which are the setting of a large portion of the
A theory is a speculation about how phenomena, behavior, or process are caused and what takes place after the cause is determined (Anderson, 2015). There are numerous theories that have evolved over time to explain why crimes are committed. These theories include anomie, strained, social control, and rational choice theory. In this research paper I will be focusing on rational choice theory. Majority of these theories focus on a macro-level, which is the largest, meanwhile some focus on a micro-level, the smaller level, depending on the circumstances.
These theories support the main assumptions that crime is a choice and will not occur if the opportunity is absent and rewards are diminished. Routine activity theory. The routine activity theory takes for granted that there are many motivated offenders. Crime rate variance thus depends on the supply of suitable targets and available guardians (Cohen & Felson, 1979). This theory supports the situational crime prevention theory that crime is a choice and can be deterred through the removal of suitable targets or guardianship.
This crime can be explained through choice theory and labeling theory because with some help of labeling and conflict theory individuals are influenced by economic and social environments, drug dealing happens by choice, and people are affected by gangs. Because these theories resumed said that depending what the people had or where they came from they can have more probability for certain activities but still they are the owner of who they want to become. This crime can be explained through choice theory and labeling theory because individuals are influenced by economic and social environments, drug dealing happens by choice, and people are affected by gangs. The difficult Social environment and economics situations and bad choices make people to become drug
Lastly, the strain theory can be related to Scarver’s criminality as well, as it is used to describe an individual who lacks the means to obtain such goals, and aspirations, so therefore, he or she engages in criminal activities to acquire the goals. The strain theory is relatively close to the social disorganization theory, regarding poverty rates, and unemployment rates within
Dependent variable The dependent variable in the study is Crime levels. The study reveals the relationship of poverty on crime levels within the American society. Research Design This study will concentrate on the effects of poverty and the rate of crime within the American society. It lays emphasis of government policies and implication of race towards crime. Literature
After revising the theory he come up into General strain theory of crime and builds its foundation in 1992. General strain theory argues that frustrations and anger leads someone to deviance and may result into committing a crime (Agnew, 1992). GST defines strains as negative life events and conditions which are commonly disliked by the people who experience it or negative experiences of a person in a given group (Agnew, 1992; 2001; 2006). Strain is often classified in two distinct types, the Objective Strain and the Subjective Strain. Objective
The criminal activities theory talks about crime events (Criminal Justice, n.d.) It looks at why some people commit crimes and what are the motivations to commit the crimes. This theory suggests that the daily routine of society could cause or create the opportunity for a crime. All you need is a likely offender, a target, and the absence of a guardian to create an opportunity for a crime. Suggestions made to reduce crime from this theory try to alter the routines and limit opportunities to prevent crimes. Another theory related to criminal activity would be the social control theory.
Darius Klinkner JUS-104 February 4, 2018 Kathleen Kahn Defining and Measuring Crime Introduction It is important to know how social and political changes affect the way that crime is defined, the various tools used to quantify criminal statistics and the difficulties in defining and measuring crime in the United States. Public perception influences the way that crime is defined and the Uniform Crime Report and self-reported surveys are a few ways that crime is quantified in the United States. Social and Political Changes Affect Definition of Crime It can be very difficult to define crime in the American society when political agendas are being pushed and the public perception of not only what actions are considered to be crimes but also how
Routine activities theory and situational crime prevention are similar in context. Routine activities theory sets to explain crime by factors that influence a range of choices in crime available to individuals. These choices include three elements: motivated offenders, lack of cable guardians, and a suitable target. Routine activities also argues that certain lifestyles increase exposure to risk of victimization. Similarly there is situational crime prevention.