This model focuses on the individual needs of the offender and in doing so increases their chance of living sober once they reenter society. For example, indeterminate sentencing allows offenders who exhibit good behavior and participate in prison substance abuse programs to be paroled closer to the minimum sentencing term. This means the offender can be released from prison based on conditions set forth by the court. If the offender violates parole by committing another crime or failing to continue substance abuse treatment, they can be returned to prison. Furthermore, offering indeterminate sentencing for offenders who meet the criteria creates prison space thus helping with the ongoing problem of prison overcrowding (Seiter,
Throughout history, disputes and tensions between law enforcement officials and communities of minorities have endured hostility and violence between each other. Racial profiling has become a “hot topic” for researchers as well as for politicians and by now it is likely that most citizens are at least aware of the common accusations of racial bias pitted against law enforcement (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Communities of color are being discriminated against and racially profiled by white police officers for any suspicion of criminal activities. It has been widely assumed by policy makers and citizens alike that allegations of racial profiling are mostly associated with the policing practices of white officers and their treatment of racial and ethnic minorities (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Also, individuals of minority descent will certainly recognize that they are being racially profiled during a stop that is being conducted by a white police officer.
Therefore, making plea bargains necessary for the courts although more minorities use these plea bargains, which could potentially explain why so many minorities are over represented in the correctional system (Walker, Spohn, & DeLone,
Doctor Martin Luther King Jr. said that “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.” In today’s criminal justice system, it can be said that justice is not always served and that criminals are not always given a fair chance. Injustice to a criminal is still an injustice and often times these injustices occur because of differences. One of the biggest differences in Martin Luther King Jr.’s time and in today’s justice system is the treatment based on race. Race affects in many ways the treatment of people facing capital punishment, all the small things add up to a bigger issue; race.
My paper aims to discuss the three different factors of criminal behaviour, what causes it and why. My essay will examine and focus mainly on the genetic makeup of a person, the environment in which they are raised in and gender differences.
Moving forward, in order to understand the criminal justice system more, it is important to know what the concept of federalism is. Federalism is meant the government powers being shared within the national government and states. As I should also mention, federalism plays a part in the growth and development of the United States. While reading through the textbook, federalism established a powerful national government, allowing state powers and traditions. As an example that was mentioned in the textbook, back in 2015, California was known for becoming the fifth state to legalize physician-assisted suicide, but only allowing for those certain patients who were ill.
He supports his claim by first analyzing the role politics played in mass incarceration, as well as how media portrayals incited reactions and misrepresented minorities, then he determines how public opinion affected policy, and finally, he addresses the degree to which punitiveness caused the rise and fall of support for mass incarceration. Enns ' book is helpful to my research paper because it examines the racial disparities in sentencing, as well as, discriminatory attitudes and perspectives that determine
The rise in violent conflicts between the citizens of the United States and the police is the issue that I want to solve. Due to my own age, race and gender, I am very well aware that I may be personally and directly impacted by this issue. The interaction between people of color and law enforcement in America is a key aspect of this larger issue. This issue has two main viewpoints: (1) that of people of color and, (2) that of law enforcement. While these two viewpoints overlap and intersect at several points, I believe them to be separate problems, each caused by different things.
Punishment must be specific to the crime. A murderer and a thief cannot receive the same sentence. A murder is more of an extreme offense than that of a theft, so the former should suffer more for their crime than that of the latter. Punishment also depends on how guilty the person is for the crime they have committed. An accomplice should be given a sentence but the mastermind who lead the crime should be punished more and should in turn suffer more for the crime they committed.
In this article, the Miller explores the connection of racial disparity between dark, Latinos and white in the American Criminal Justice structures. The article argues that the racial disparity occurs on the basis of wrongdoing, crime, and imprisonment on African American, Latinos as compared with whites. Additionally, it claims the relationship of race and crime rates that conclude that black, Latinos receive high severe punishment than whites. As indicated by the Miller, the crime rates for blacks are seven times higher than whites. It also measures the effect of the high crime rate on racial minorities that they face significant issue for kids, families, marriage, neighborhood inconvenience, and neediness.
Also race and gender plays a big factor when sentencing offenders. For example, in the book it states that African Americans receive harsher sentences on average than white or Asian American offenders and males have a longer sentencing than females. This is just causing people to be in jail who shouldn’t really be there and this is also the reason why jails are overpopulating. Someone who has possession of drugs should not be going to jail longer than someone who committed murder. Our system of sentencing isn’t so rational and fair when it comes to sentencing.
The three main findings are the influence age has on sentence severity is dependent to gender. Second, the influence of race on sentencing is contextualized by age for male, but not females. Thirdly, young adult Black males receive harsher punishment than any gender, race, or age combined. Also, findings show that the focal concerns make an impact on a judge decision since the three statues are taken in consideration.
In 1991, an African American man named Anthony Wright confessed to the rape, robbery, and brutal murder of a 77-year-old woman. However, he later retracted his confession, asserting that it had been coerced by police, and requested DNA testing on the evidence prove his innocence. Despite his ardent attempts to reclaim his innocence, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania rejected the request based on the simple fact that he had previously confessed to the crime, which therefore prevented him from being able to claim his innocence (Commonwealth v. Wright, 2007). On behalf of Wright’s case, in 2008 the American Psychological Association filed an amicus curiae brief that described the many possible causes of false confessions and their role in wrongful convictions. In 2011, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania recognized that, although a confession may be admitted during trial, it does not necessarily mean that the confession was true.
I believe that the federal justice system is just and unbiased. The federal justice system has guidelines and rules to keep them from using power improperly and targeting groups of people based on their race. This is talked about in article “Is the Criminal Justice System Racist”. There are statistics given pertaining to the prison sentences given to African Americans, prosecution during a felony trial, and crime/prison rates.