Atticus knew that it would take a lot of work to find a black man not guilty vs a white woman. There was a mob that showed up at the county jail where Tom Robinson was and wanted to kill him. The mob was telling Atticus to stop defending Tom and his son Jem spoke up. That made the mob mad and they picked Jem up. Atticus’ daughter Scout spoke out to the mob unhappily.
Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird is heavily centered around racism in southern America in the 1930s. In the book, a lawyer named Atticus Finch is chosen to defend an African American man named Tom Robinson after he has been unjustly accused of rape by Bob Ewell. Bob Ewell comes from a family that is notorious in Maycomb, Alabama for lacking work ethic, class, and good morals. Bob Ewell is believed to have abused his daughter and blamed it on Tom Robinson, so Atticus puts forth his best effort to prove Tom innocent.
Tom Robinson is unfairly persecuted because his skin is darker than the skin of his neighbors. Robinson is not given a fair trial. Later in the book, an angry mob shows up at the jail, trying to kill him. These strangers acted without knowing if Robinson was guilty or not. Their prejudice, racism, and hate nearly leads them to murder.
Racism was a huge controversy and it was one of the biggest problems people had to face in the disorderly world. Tom Robinson, a compassionate and noble man, is like a mockingbird because he went out of his way to help Mayella Ewell the best he can, but is later killed for his skin was black. The news of Tom Robinson’s death brought forth by Atticus Finch symbolizes the death of the mockingbird which is a sin in the small town of Maycomb, Alabama. Tom Robinson’s lawyer, Atticus Finch, tries with all of his might to change the jury's’ mind with the fact that Tom is not guilty, but his arguments could have been interpreted as Tom Robinson is guilty. In Atticus’ closing argument, he states, “This case is as simple as black and white” (271).
In Harper Lee’s historical fiction masterpiece, To Kill a Mockingbird, the rarely appearing character, Tom Robinson, acts as a linchpin for the plot. He was created by the author for the purpose of causing encounters, causing references to his life, and sharing his insights on life that highlight the theme: other should not be prejudged by race. Atticus mentions Tom Robinson to Uncle Jack at the latter’s home. Atticus feels worried about the case because,” the only thing we’ve got is a black man’s word”(Lee 166-17). This insinuates that people of color get perceived as liars when their words contradict those of a white person.
despite the unwavering dedication of atticus finch in To Kill a Mockingbird the absence of evidence and a moving courtroom speech tom Robinson is convicted of a crime he likely didn't commit , tom Robinson was convicted of a crime he didn't commit because the absence of evidence , tom Robinson is eventually killed, and the jury ruling causes both those who advocated Robinson's conviction and those who were convinced of his innocence to question their notations of justice and fairness . Toms death is virtually unnoticed except in the colored folk and a racist Mr.Underwood who says “likened Tom's death to the senseless slaughter of songbirds by hunters and children.” (https://www.cliffsnotes.com/literature/t/to-kill-a-mockingbird/summary-and-analysis/part-1-chapter-1).Tom Robinson tried to climb over the fence to exscape the jail but was killed by the gaurds. atticus helps the children get through the fact that tom robinson is dead for a crime he likely didn't commit by describing to them it is just the way the state of alabama works.
Tom Robinson is more than just a literary character and his storyline does not simply stop on the pages of this novel. He symbolizes the plight and hardship every black individual goes through in this country, especially in the eyes of the criminal justice system. Overall, To Kill a Mockingbird, even though written during the 1960s, a critical time for civil rights, is still relevant and pertinent to the status of racial injustices and discrimination in today’s
Tom is wrongfully accused of raping Mayella Ewell, a white woman, when the only thing he did was try to help by doing her chores. “Tom Robinson is imprisoned within his community but has never committed any action that might produce punishment” (Reisman). Tom even states that he did so because he felt sorry for Mayella. This demonstrates Tom’s humble and respectable character, symbolizing himself even more with a mockingbird. “His only crime is to have been born black in a society that has certain assumptions about black people” (Reisman).
Racism affects nearly all the characters named in the book “To Kill a Mockingbird”, a book written by Harper Lee, following the main characters, Jean Louise Finch’s (a.k.a. Scout) life while her father defends a black man in the heavily prejudiced and racist town of Maycomb, Alabama in the 1930’s. Throughout the book, white people are hardly ever the victims of racism as that is usually directed towards the coloured citizens of the town, but as the book goes on, readers become more aware of how nobody is truly safe. While mostly directed towards people of colour in Maycomb, racism is used as a weapon towards people of all present races. Three characters are affected by it more than any others; Scout Finch, who despite being white, is still
Tom Robinson is in court because he is accused of raping Bob Ewell 's daughter. Tom is a black man and during that time they were still being discriminated and being treated unfairly. Bob is a white man and when a white man accuses a black man of anything the white man is the outcome is usually in the white man 's favor. In the courthouse Atticus was trying to defend Tom Robinson, he uses an allusion and says, " But there is one way in this country in which all men are created equal--there is one human institution that makes a pauper the equal of a Rockefeller, the stupid man the equal of an Einstein..." (210).
The Effects of Racism in To Kill a Mocking Bird As illustrated in the novel, “To Kill a Mockingbird” written by Harper Lee, racism effects the way that people treat others and victimizes them depending on their skin color that can lead to false accusations, irrationality, and poverties. As the town of Maycomb already has hardships, racism makes it harder for the people there to live and function correctly. Three main characters in this writing that are negatively affected by racism are Tom Robinson, Atticus, and Lula.
The racial divide in the courtroom is explained when Atticus says “there’s something in our world that makes men lose their heads—they couldn’t be fair if they tried. In our courts, when it’s a white man’s word against a black man’s, the white man always wins. They’re ugly, but those are the facts of life” (Lee 291). Tom Robinson is a black man going up against an all-white jury. This displays that fact that the prejudice and racism is in the minds of the all-white jury and that no matter the consequence, the white man always wins.
Tom Robinson was is a hardworking black man who was falsely accused of rape. He is married with children and does nothing but try to help his local community the best he can, but h is now out on trial and hopes to win with the help of Atticus Finch. There is clear racism shown in the courtroom during the story. The use of the "N word" would never be allowed in 2016 (Bob ewell calls Tom a N****r multiple times), nor would the segregation of African Americans. Racism is also shown from the jury's verdict that Tom was guilty, although Atticus supplied ample evidence that Tom was clearly innocent, the jury made their decision because of the color of Tom's skin.