By doing so I can understand the disorders that absolutely require medications to treat them and the ones that don’t. To begin with, the two overall classifications of mental disorders are called psychosis and neurosis. Psychosis is classifies mental disorders as critical and severe and relates to mental disorders with hallucinations, delusions, and/or altered perceptions of reality (Andreasen). On the other hand, neurosis classifies mental disorders as mild disorders usually linked with anxiety (Andreasen). Examples of mental disorders that fall under psychosis include schizophrenia and dementia; while examples of disorders that fall under neurosis are anxiety, depression or even substance abuse.
This individual in particular suffers from severe depression as well as anxiety. In this case, it is apparent that the severity of this depression effects the individual’s lifestyle as well as their personal interactions. The six theoretical models are not all inclusive, and each is not likely to describe the problem accurately, or entirely,
Victims of domestic violence can have higher risk to developing health conditions down the road. Some of these health conditions can be arthritis, hypertension, heart disease, post traumatic stress disorder, mental illness, anxiety, and depression (Long Term Effects of Domestic Violence,
EFFECTS OF CHILDHOOD TRAUMA ON THE BRAIN. People who suffer a traumatic childhood most often grow up scarred from the experience. They suffer both psychological and emotional distress from the memories hanging around their minds from the traumatic experience. These kind of people often times have the most tendencies to suffer from depression, self isolation and even the likelihood of suicide as a result of their childhood experience. Studies have been made into why childhood trauma affects the adult life of its victim.
2. The other factor is the environment that you are raised in. (TRANSITION: Since we know what causes it, what are some of the symptoms?) III. People with bipolar disorder experience unusual and intense emotional states called “Mood Episodes”, which represent a drastic change from a person’s usual mood and behavior, (National Institute of Mental Health).
The symptoms include disturbances in communication, language, perception, thought and volition. The symptoms are being divided into negative and positive which include hallucinations, delusions, behavior and disorganized speech. The latter symptoms include avolition, alogia, affective flattening and asociality (MHA, 2014). There is no clear cause of schizophrenia. Some theories about the cause of this disease include genetics, biology and possible viral infections and immune disorders.
Numerous studies have shown that domestic violence has a huge impact on children and teenagers and can lead to internal and external behavioral problems. These can include aggression, anxiety and depression. When children are exposed to violence or abuse, it affects them tremendously when they become teenagers. Adolescence is a time when a person is figuring out who they are and their self-esteem will develop either confidently or not so confidently. When abuse has been in the picture, it is very difficult for an adolescence to develop to their full potential and delinquency can occur.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is an amalgam of neurodevelopment disorders that are manifested as mild to severe deficiencies in social and communication interactions coupled with limited, repetitive and stereotypical behavioral patterns (American Psychiatric Association, 2012). This spectrum of disorders may occur independently or jointly in a patient. ASD being a behavior disorder requires a complex and comprehensive behavioral evaluation sometimes making it difficult to accurately
Vulnerability and Protective Factors Impacting on Mental Health Russellos (2009) has discussed vulnerability and protective factors of mental health. Individual aspects to any given life events will certainly vary between people according to their past experiences, so people experiencing the same incident will most likely have quite different reactions. Definite factors, however, may increase susceptibility to life events, whereas other factors may offer protection against such events. Life events such as marriage, child birth, divorce, death and similar essential occasions, are times of alteration and may sudden emotional difficulties or disorders. The environment in which people live or work may have an effect on their mental
This can lead to symptoms evolving “over time consistent with anatomical changes in the neural substrates following the injury and comorbid conditions, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbance (Department of Defense Deployment Health Clinical Center, n.d.)” (Traumatic Brain Injury in Adults, 2016.) It would be exceptionally frustrating for one to realize they aren’t able to perform the functions they once were able to. This could lead to an individual not finishing their degree, have a lesser feeling of self-worth leading to personal issues perhaps difficulty with developing relationships possibly leading to depression, and feasibly substance
Some might even develop panic attacks and are also at risk for developmental delays, psychiatric disorders, school difficulties, aggressive behavior, and low self-esteem. While being exposed to a traumatic experience can trigger mental health problems, living with a severe mental illness is likely to increase the vulnerability of a person being abused. Some examples of long term mental illnesses are dissociation which refers to feeling like one has “checked out” or is not present. In some instances of dissociation, people may find themselves daydreaming. But in situations where dissociation is chronic and more complex it may impair an individual 's ability to function in the “real” world, such as not being able to focus on work related duties or being able to concentrate on
This is a trait theory to explain personality. Each dimension of this model is important but I think that neuroticism is the main factor in bipolar. But I believe that each factor can affect the mental state of an individual. People who are high in neuroticism prone to be emotionally unstable. They tend to have difficulty maintaining social relationships, and have problems learning.
It is viewed as a constellation of correlated physical, cognitive, and social fears that are often misinterpreted as anxiety. Individuals with anxiety sensitivity respond to a traumatic stressor in addition to their own reactions and sensitize the trauma. A traumatic event generates anxiety sensitivity and PTSD with the fear that anxiety might be activated. A small research was conducted to determine whether anxiety sensitivity increased the risk of posttraumatic stress reactions. A cross-sectional study of 51 trauma survivors reported to display acute stress disorder and higher anxiety sensitivity (Marshall, Miles, & Stewart, 2010).