Chronic conditions such as depression and chronic pain are more common than one may think. While we all feel sad, moody or low from time to time, some people experience these feelings intensely, for long periods of time (weeks, months or even years) and sometimes without any apparent reason. This is chronic depression. Others may have pain that does not diminish or regularly returns which is defined as chronic pain. According to the CDC “more than a quarter of all Americans and two of three older Americans have multiple chronic conditions” (CDC, 2013, p. 6).
Moreover, patients’ attitudes and beliefs towards disability vary from culture to culture, which may affect the response to treatment. So, healthcare providers need to be sensitive and aware of different cultures because the lack of awareness on the many cultural beliefs and values may influence providers to make the wrong judgment. Thus, cultural competence is a significant element in the different fields of healthcare such as rehabilitation to meet with patients’ various needs, especially cultural. As a result, many facilities including rehabilitation are making the effort to educate and train their staff about diversity in order to recognize and avoid behaviors or suggestions that might be offensive to patients. Niemeir, Burnett, and Whittaker (2003) described in “Cultural Competence in the Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation Setting: Are we Falling Short of Meeting Needs?” about a Sudanese man, with a brain injury, who does not understand English and have strict religious practices, so the staff familiarized with the patient’s custom to understand his cultural views and the traditions of his country.
Qualitatively, this disease can be seen with senile plaques on the brain, and neurofibrillary tangles that affect physical changes to the brain. Since there are so many branches of dementia, it can be hard to determine which type of dementia a patient is experiencing, needing to be looked at more closely. Some warning signs of this disease include getting lost, paying for bills and trouble managing money, retelling the same stories, repeatedly asking the same questions, and losing/ misplacing items, but not being able to recall how to find them (532). Though not all people progress through this disease at the same pace and times in their lives, these are just some of the few symptoms and abnormalities that those who have Alzheimer’s can display as opposed to someone their age with a normal functioning brain and having no dementia. Quantitatively, research has shown that Alzheimer’s disease accounts for 50-70% of all neurocognitive disorders (531).
BPD is more prevalent among those who are drug and/or alcohol dependent. Within this population, more men are diagnosed with BPD than women. BPD is common in those with an eating disorder and also among people presenting with chronic self-harming behaviour (Nice, 2013). In primary care, the prevalence of BPD ranges from 4 to 6% (Moran et al., 2000; Gross et al., 2002 cited in The British Psychological Society & the Royal College of Psychiatrists, 2009) In clinical samples, BPD is usually the most common personality disorder. Women are more frequently diagnosed with BPD as opposed to men, accounting for 75% of cases of BPD (Nehls 1998).
As it is clearly understood, repressed memories are those which have been unconsciously blocked because the memories are associated with a high degree of stress or trauma. These sort of memory can result from a variety of stress level and trauma related experiences. Repressed memories are usually very difficult to monitor as something stressful to an individual may not be stressful to another. As Loftus (1999) put it, “the stressful memory can certainly be resurfaced into consciousness”. As we continue to witness from new medias, repressed memories from child abuse and many other cases have been rose dramatically by those who have suffered from repressed memory.
They can cause: Difficulty focusing on tasks or remembering things Interference with work and other routine activities Problems in relationships with your family and friends Anxiety or depression A sense of hopelessness Treatment Of Derealization There are different therapies that can be carried out depending on the individual needs of each person, and they aimed at improving social and communication skills through different activities, such as: Occupational or sensory therapy: It is used in case there are any integration problems of sensors or poor motor coordination. Specialized language therapy: to help those who have problems with using or understanding the language when having a conversation. Talk therapy: This therapy helps to improve the communication
Although one’s behavior can be the same as others, especially if they are in the same setting, however those who are in two completely different contexts will experience different reactions, just dependent on exactly where they are. Furthermore, this theory demonstrates that once we have been in a specific setting long enough, then that’s when our behaviors will become consistent over time. On the other hand, individuals might experience particular actions because they arrive at a specific setting, with an already preconceived idea of what to expect causing them to alter their behaviors based on their thoughts about the background. Another reason might be that we adjust our responses because we are unsure of how others might view or accept us being in their environments. Either way, individuals might not be aware of it, but once our surroundings change, then our behaviors is changed as
As with most learning disabilities, the exact cause of reading disabilities is incomprehensible as the cause can come in various ways. However, recent studies suggest that structural and/or functional brain problems may cause people with reading disorders to recognize and arrange phonemes to have a more difficult time making associations within the context of what they read than do normally progressing readers and being less
In some aggressive systems that require surgery, there are risks regarding brain lesions. Besides, both in aggressive and in non-aggressive systems, some more indirect effects may arise, like a periodic initiation of specified pathways or brain regions on the BBI part may affect brain working in several aspects. Being part of the multi-brain system may also have complex repercussions on a person's concept of self, and there arise many questions concerning self-perception, independence and body ownership. Besides, complex problems with respect to privacy may arise, specifically when the BBI components use signals that the sender is not aware of or signals the sender cannot control. Therefore, it will be critical to clearly define and explain the state what kind of information will be transferred and to provide the sender with suitable measures to control the information transfer process.
Especially considering that his responses indicated that he is someone who is easily angered and has difficulty controlling the expression of his anger. Jim may also find group therapy also be helpful because it will expose him to others with similar diagnosis and he may learn some more acceptable socializing skills but caution should be taken because of his aggressive tendencies with others, and his acting out behavior. Further assessment for potential learning disabilities is still needed, as the PAI is not generally used insolation for learning disability evaluations. Jim may also benefit from meeting with a vocational rehabilitation counselor, career center or workforce support center in order to get assistance in finding