Text mining is the process of extracting high quality information from unstructured or semi structured data. The high quality information refers to the combination of relevancy and novelty. Figure 2 shows the important process of text mining. Figure 2: Text mining process flow Data Gathering Text mining deals with the unstructured data or semi structured data. The sources of text may be a file, single document, document collection from online and offline both.
Ever since, New criticism believes a work is a timeless, autonomous verbal object. This is why changing one line or image of the poem is argues to be a different poem. Close reading is an examination of the complex relationship between a texts formal elements and its theme (formal elements being mentioned above). This is why often New Criticist’s were called formalists. They believed that the literary text can be understood entirely by understanding its form.
Hafiz and Tudor (1989) found that a three- month extensive reading program caused significant and major improvement in secondary school ESL students’ reading and also writing, whereas two control groups did not show any significant improvement over that three-month period. Mason and Krashen (1997) concluded that groups of Japanese EFL learners who had extensive reading performed better than similar traditionally instructed control groups. Extensive reading is not the central component of reading instruction in most L2contexts. Renandya & Jacobs (2001) have pointed out why extensive reading is not widely encouraged currently. They define it as a reading activity involving rapid reading of large quantities of material or longer reading for understanding, with the focus generally on the meaning of what is being read than on language.
The types of reading I have done are Intensive and Extensive Reading. The types of reading that I enjoyed are Intensive reading because I learned new words in order to expand my vocabulary such as the Shattering Glass vocabulary include prowess means skill, groused means complained, circumvented on the routine means went around and shepherd means led. The types of reading that I found the difficult are Extensive Reading such as reading On The Sidewalk Bleeding Quiz because it builds confidence within the reader while I was reading one paragraph out loud in front of my classmates. I can demonstrate the ability to read and to respond to a variety of texts because I would respond to questions that I already know and I would go to the challenging questions at the end or I would ask for clarification from my teacher. I can demonstrate the ability to understand the organizational structure/ features of informational, narrative and graphical texts because it helps me remember important information and it helps me understand the information.
Also, and following the theory of cognitive resource limitation, during the process of synthesizing information from a written text, a less fluent reader has to maintain the information read earlier in the working memory for a longer period of time as it takes them longer to read a text. And, because there are limits to how long information can be maintained in the working memory, it might be difficult for slow readers to synthesize new information to the one read earlier and adequately use higher-level reading skills such as making inferences, predicting, and using context. Stanovich’ interactive-compensatory model of reading (Stanovich 2000) also supports the strong relationship between automaticity and reading comprehension. This model posits that readers utilize information from various sources to
2.2.1 Tokenisation In lexical analysis, tokenization is the process of breaking a stream of text up into words, phrases, symbols, or other meaningful elements called tokens. The list of tokens becomes input for further processing such as parsing or text mining. In order to extract keywords, a number of preprocessing steps must be carried out. A piece of text is essentially just a string of characters. This string of characters must be broken up into words.
Network reading is not only the inevitable trend of the digital age but also the inevitable result of "fast food"culture . Because of the love of entertainment and leisure in network shallow reading, college students' understanding and pursue of culture stays on the surface level.Long-term shallow reading is hard to cultivate college students' cultural accomplishment and cultural deposits, which inevitably leads to the lack of cultural knowledge, affecting college students' comprehensive qualities.Reading is very important for the improvement of college students' language ability. By reading "figure caption" books andshrink classics, with easy use of language and words for both colloquialism and classics, students will become beef-witted in their ability of using language if they carry on shallow reading for a long time. College students' network shallow reading will have negative effect on mental health.Frequent network trek and some negative effects shallow reading brings will depress college students'self-efficacy, with such psychological negative factors asanxiety,
Rationale for Extensive Reading In order for me to explain the concept of extensive reading, I first researched the notion to present three different definitions of the concept. After doing so, I will emphasize the similarities of these definitions to then draw up my own rationale for this notion. According to Kredátusová (2007, pp.8) extensive reading is a language educating process where learners are required to read a large amount of material or long texts for broad understanding, with the primary objective being to develop pleasure from reading text. Also, Fridrich (2014) states that, extensive reading is actually a very simple concept to explain. He says that it draws on a person’s prior knowledge using a first language notion of the
Introduction Text classification is the act of dividing a set of input documents into two or more classes where each document can be said to belong to one or multiple classes . Text Classification is a text mining technique which is used to classify the text documents into predefined classes. A poem is a piece of writing in which the expression of feelings and ideas is given intensity by particular attention to diction, rhythm, and imagery . It is generally meant to deliver expressions such as love, happiness, success, fear, sadness etc. An Automatic poetry classification takes a poem as an input and identifies its category as its output.
Intensive reading is to read and analyze a text with a purpose; for instance from examination point of view .Extensive reading is to read something out of interest and for pleasure. Taking notes is the most effective way of storing information during a lecture or while