Therapist who practice this approach are trained to define, identify, and understand multicultural issues in order to treat clients. When a professional counselor works with a client from a different cultural background, the counselor needs to define differences such as religion, gender, family, history, and sexual orientation between client and counselor. In addition, identifying differences require techniques including body language, eye contact, and open ended questions. In some cultures directness is considered impolite (Delaware University, 2014). Acknowledging and considering these differences is essential to establishing a trusting therapeutic relationship.
There have been many books written about culture and diversity, there has been a focus on training to be culturally competent and tools have been developed to assess competencies. There have been works on racial identity development and multicultural counseling summits have been developed as well. There are three components of multicultural competencies: awareness of self and others, knowledge and skill. Counselors are required to be aware of their own values, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors and know how they apply to a diverse client base. Counselors should not impose their beliefs on their clients as well as they need to know how their own cultural identities affect the counseling process.
Introduction The lessons I have experienced for education in diversity and oppression within a multicultural society have taken many different forms, however the similarities of these lessons are evident in the following reflections I have explored. In my reflections on gender bias, sexual orientation, race perspectives, religion and spirituality, and classism, I can see there was a subtle, if not strong, disconnect between the values I learned throughout my life and the current status of diversity as it is in modern societies. A new awareness and appreciation about the value set I once defended has evolved due to the subsequent literature and varied forms of media which I have been exposed to in the past several years. Values which surround oppression and privilege are usually just below the surface of multicultural relationships. Most everyone is aware that they carry prejudices or are afforded privilege due to their specific race, economic status, religion, or gender.
Moreover, patients’ attitudes and beliefs towards disability vary from culture to culture, which may affect the response to treatment. So, healthcare providers need to be sensitive and aware of different cultures because the lack of awareness on the many cultural beliefs and values may influence providers to make the wrong judgment. Thus, cultural competence is a significant element in the different fields of healthcare such as rehabilitation to meet with patients’ various needs, especially cultural. As a result, many facilities including rehabilitation are making the effort to educate and train their staff about diversity in order to recognize and avoid behaviors or suggestions that might be offensive to patients. Niemeir, Burnett, and Whittaker (2003) described in “Cultural Competence in the Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation Setting: Are we Falling Short of Meeting Needs?” about a Sudanese man, with a brain injury, who does not understand English and have strict religious practices, so the staff familiarized with the patient’s custom to understand his cultural views and the traditions of his country.
We are now learning about current techniques and practice standards while in school and we are learning the new ways of nursing which will affect the future of nurses. The one concept I do still have questions about is the professional, legal and ethical dimensions of nursing because I find it very hard to understand. How do you know what is right and what isn’t when everyone has their own opinion on care, ethics, and values? This might be difficult for me to understand right away until I learn
One of the reasons I chose to the book Other People’s Children by Lisa Delpit was because I want to be aware of the stereotypes and prejudices this books might uncover that I had and didn’t know I has. Teaching in a DLI program there is big diversity in our school and community. I want to be able to be culturally competent and be able to eliminate my cultural assumptions. I want to be able to understand where my students are and families are coming from so I can adjust my teaching methods and strategies. I thought it was very interesting how in her introduction she talks about how the educational system in this country is more focused on the standardized tests, scripted lessons and mandated classroom management strategies that they seem
For differences that stem from culture, gender, ethnicity, or socioeconomic status, the adjustments will involve bridging the cultural gap between the students’ diversity and the curriculum. For differences that result from cognitive abilities, learning styles, or developmental stages, the differentiation in delivery style and product styles support students’ academic, emotional, and social growth. Strategies that support diversity: • frequently vary instructional technique • develop lessons around students ' interests, needs, and experiences • provide an encouraging, supportive environment • use cooperative learning and peer tutors for students needing remediation • provide study aids • teach content in small sequential steps with frequent checks for comprehension • use individualized materials and individualized instruction whenever possible • use
However, I learned from my lectures that these assumptions and biases have a greater impact on my conflict resolution style than I had anticipated. Conflict resolution style is individualized in relation to their perception and management of conflict (Hartman & Crume, 2014). I have learned that my own understanding of conflict and personal biases will ultimately affect the way I resolve conflict regardless of how objective I want to be when resolving conflict. Although, my comprehension of conflict resolution was quite basic, nursing school taught me how to practice self-awareness, open communication and effective communication skills, reflective learning, demonstrating empathy, and team collaboration. These skills allowed me to collaborate effectively within my interdisciplinary
Cultural diversity deals with nationality, race, color, gender, creed, religion and age (Merchant, n.d.). Because we have defined cultural diversity we have acknowledged that diversity has an influence on our behavior with enhances individual performance and company performance with the community at large. For example, would a client go to a clinic where there are no people who are like them or would they travel a longer distance to see a counselor who is like them because they have similar backgrounds. Discuss how your experiences of privilege, oppression as well as
BHP provides an opportunity for students of different professions to come together and come to understand each profession’s role and value within the health system. This knowledge and understanding of the different professions will ultimately improve collaborative practice. In addition I must also be knowledgeable of my limitations in my profession and of the skills that other professions have, and refer accordingly. For example if I observe a patient experiencing difficulty swallowing I know, from the understanding of speech therapy I gain in BHP, I can refer the patient to a speech therapist. (Silber, 2005: 61-63 & Olckers, Gibbs, & Duncan, 2007:
After reading Dr. Galanti 's articles about culturally competent healthcare please answer the following questions: What did you gain from reading Dr. Galanti 's article? Dr. Galanti provides insight into the relationship between cultural diversity and heath care providers. Dr. Galanti’s briefly states the difference between “stereotype and generalization”. The author recognizes that generalization may be a key factor used by workers in the health care community to bring awareness and a better understanding of cultural differences among patients. The article explains that although cultures differ in values, traditions, and beliefs, there are questions (the 4’C’s of culture) that may open up the line of communication, between provider and
I found it particularly difficult to differentiate a task when I don’t know the students I will be differentiating for and according to Chapter 4 of Teaching Humanities and Social Sciences “Each students learning is monitored through assessment and teacher observation to identify the student’s progress and any problems that might be limiting his or her learning.” (Gilbert, R., & Hoepper, B., 2016). As a result, I think to accommodate diverse learning needs well I will need to know the students I will be altering. However I think one of the best aspects of the humanities is that it is so diverse and is able to cater to different people and learning
The Authors of this study research the methods used during evaluation and intervention to see if these are consistent with “best practices” of the profession. Faculty members of the University of New Hampshire (UNH) developed a questionnaire utilizing the language and concepts of the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework (OTPF) 2008. Terms used include, occupation-based, client-centered, and evidence-based practice. The results indicated OT 's value occupation based, client-centered, evidence based practice (EBP) but focus more on performance skills and most often practice in unnatural environments. The study could be made stronger by using a larger sample size or using open-ended questions versus a Likert Scale.
My goal with standard six involved observing how my clinical teacher handled liabilities and how he interacted with co-workers and myself. I felt that it was important to look for these qualities, because they are important in the professional environment. How you handle legal responsibilities is not only important for the school, but also for the students. IEPs need to be addressed so that a quality education can be provided. Also, how a teacher interacts with coworkers can play into their hierarchal place amongst colleagues.
As we have discussed Stephanie’s heritage, we have seen the impact a person’s cultural heritage can have on them as a counselor. As we have discussed, it’s important for the therapist to have self awareness about not only their cultural heritage, but also areas they are prone to privilege and also discrimination, as both of these can lead to barriers in the therapeutic alliance. As counselors work on becoming culturally competent counselors they will want to reflect on their own bias, assumptions, and stereotypes, gain knowledge about various cultures, and utilize this information in a way that will make them culturally competent counselors.