Diversity In Iraq Case Study

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Obvious Diversity in Iraq with an Ambiguous Identity,
- Kurds as a Case Study* -
Sidqi M.S.Yassen
University of Dohuk
Kurdistan Region –Iraq
Mob: 009647504996535

ABSTRACT This paper aims at showing the problem of ethnic, religion and linguistic diversity in Iraq which effects negatively on Iraqi Identity. This diversity is regarded as one of the most obstacle of instability in Iraq since the beginning of the 20th century. Differences and varieties were inconsiderable during the time of establishment of Iraq state in 1921. The most important alliances’ (UK and France) interests were the priority of formation Iraq state, which led to create inhomogeneous state with respect to cultural, ethnical
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language, and culture. In case of Iraq - without taking into consideration different cultures, languages and ethnics, the decision of establishing new government for new formed state has been taken. With “the arrival in October 1920 of Sir Pecy Cox as the new High Commissioner of Iraq, tasked with ending direct British military rule and establishing an indigenous government, signalled British determined intent to create a state in the land of Mesopotamia. The form of the political system, namely a constitutional monarchy, took shape at the Cairo Conference in the spring of 1921, and the process was finally crowned with enthronement of King Faysal I on August 23, 1921”. It was very clear, at that time that “Iraq’s population [will] compose mainly, of two racial groups, Arabs and Kurds, and two religious groups, the Muslem Shi’at and Sunni sects” , but this diversity hasn’t taken into account of Allied Powers, while the most important thing in this state shaping was Oil. In fact Oilfields are concentrated in South where the Shi’ats is to be shown as a majority, and in North where Kurds are represent…show more content…
… The Arab Sunni government rules over a Kurdish population. … That is led by people with personal ambitions who use the Kurds ethnic difference to advocate secession. The government also rules over an uneducated Shi’at majority that shares the same ethnicity with the government, but which was persecuted by Turkish (Sunni) rule. … That [divided] the Arab population between the two sects. [this led] to the perception, which I have heard thousands of times, that taxes and death are the Shi’ats lot in life, while public positions are reserved for Sunnis. … In addition, there is the tribal mindset, plus the influence exercised by the sheikhs over the tribesmen, and the fear that this influence would wane in the face of enhanced government

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