It represents the second largest source of export. However, Niger’s agricultural industry cannot satisfy its own population because its production of food doesn’t meet the demand. Although only 4% of Niger’s land is arable, “the agricultural industry is mainly based upon internal markets, subsistence farming, herding, small trading, seasonal migration and informal markets and export” (Niger Honorary Consulate UK). In the last years, severe drought and floods brought famine in the country. In 2012, Mark Tran, a reporter of The Guardian, wrote: “At the best of times this vast landlocked country [Niger] – whose estimated 14.7 million people mostly live along a narrow strip of arable land on its southern border – has trouble feeding itself” (Tran).
As indicated by the Human Development Report of 2013, Malawi 's Human Development Index (HDI) is 0.418 which positions the nation at 170 out of 187 nations. 20% of the population live is urban area whereas the majority lives in the rural area. People in rural farm and rear animals. They do tobacco farming, which is 53% of major exports merchandise in Malawi. Malawi also
The unemployment rate in Ethiopia is 17.5 percent, and only 29.6 percent of the population is below poverty. Despite Ethiopia having so many great rankings (being large, very populous and more), it is one of the poorest countries on the face of this earth. It also has the lowest level of income inequality in Africa, and one of the lowest in the world. Their public debt is about 60 percent of their GDP (gross domestic product, 72 billion USD). As a matter of fact, it seems as though they rely heavily on the agricultural business.
Nepal is still agriculture dominated country where the population is primarily concentrated in rural areas. Over 60% percent of country’s population depended on agriculture for their livelihood and 6.4 million people food insecure (Synnott, P., 2012). Country is categorized into low income with per capita GDP at PPP $ 2260 (World Bank 2014). Small holders and subsistence farmers make up 78 % of all agricultural holding (Synnott, P., 2012); the average size of agricultural land area in the country is 0.7 hectares (CBS 2012). A majority of the agricultural households depend on small farm size for cultivation.
The portion of agriculture in China’s GDP dropped from 28.1% in 1978 to 11.8% in 2005. In China, the food producing enterprises like agriculture and its allied activities livestock farming the small and marginal farmers have dominated horticulture, floriculture; aquaculture etc. small farmers cultivating small plots of land characterize agriculture in Asia (NCESU, 2008). China has the world third largest area of 960 million square kilometers, the arable area is only 107 million hectare, only 7% of the global arable land. Therefore, agriculture is the fundamental industry not only to guarantee the supply to food and other agricultural products for the huge population
From road research 5 Economic Dev’t in Ethiopia Ethiopia is an agrarian economy where agriculture provides employment for about 80% of the population (PASDEP, 2006) and constitutes for about 48% of overall GDP in 2004/05(IMF, 2006a). The agricultural system in the country is mainly rain-fed subsistence farming. . Ethiopia is among the poorest countries in the world and its per capita income is much lower than the SubSaharan African average of US$1225 (World Bank, 2012). Although the incidence of poverty has been declining nationally, it still remains quite high at 30 % in 2011(MOFED, 2012).2 Ethiopia made the transition to a market economy in 1991 through successive economic reform measures along the lines with the World Bank and IMF reform
This standard differs from the average poverty line in the world. According to the decision of the Prime Minister of Vietnam 17/2005/QD-TTg signed July 8, 2005 promulgating the poverty line applied for the period 2006-2010: • Rural areas: the households with an average income of 200,000 VND/person/month (2,400,000 VND / person / year) or less is poor. • Urban areas: the households with an average income of 260,000 VND/person/month (less than 3.12 million VND / person / year) or less is poor. Until 2009, according to the poverty line, there are about 2 million poor households of Vietnam reaching the rate of 11% of the population. According to the poverty line, many poor households were out of poverty, but still not enough to live life.
States like Himachal Pradesh which had 0% gender wage gap from 2007-2009, witnessed 34.21% wage inequality in 2014-15. While in other states there has been a mixed trend regarding gender pay gap. The table above shows the percentage of male and female workers engaged in agriculture in different states of India. An analysis of the table shows the following results: 1. In almost all the states, female labor participation in agriculture has been declining from 1993-94 to 2009-10 barring Assam in which it has increased from 79.4% in 1999-2000 to 86.3% in 2009-10, with highest participation of 88.3% in 2004-05.
Out of the total youth, only 10 percent are schooling and 78.4 percent are received education up to secondary level while only 0.3 percent received university education. The occupational information showed that nearly 58 percent of the plantation youth are engaged in employment activities and the balance are unemployed. The less educated youth face more unemployment than educated. However, the young females have higher unemployment rate than younger male generation. Out of the employed youth 60 percent are work as plantation workers, 38 percent of them works out of the plantation sector, 1.4percent of the employed youth engaged in self-employment activities, 0.4 percent involved in cultivation related works and 0.5 percent raring the livestock.