Both Francesca and Ugolino’s judgements resulted from deliberation and thought, and both of their thoughts were greatly influenced by their oppressed state and some biological factors. They were diverted away from the First good, which made them turn toward the apparent goods. The use of free will in the Inferno served as a path to sin for both Francesca and Ugolino. Dante recognizes that Francesca had very weak control over her judgements, and that love overpowered her, but he also made it clear that she deserves to be in hell. As for Ugolino, he also used his free will to resist loving his sons.
These are open to all, whatever their level of intelligence. These religious view foster the idea of a moral self: Each of is capable of great good, but also great evil. Refusing to serve and love god is the greatest evil. We do good when we make God the centre of our lives; we do wrong when we retreat from this commitment. Plato strongly influenced Christian thought and Christians like Augustine adopted Plato’s view that the self or soul is rational, immaterial, and immortal and not basically self-interested.
He made man have free will in order to have pure joy and perfection. He is all-loving and all-powerful, but he can’t force anyone to do anything because that is not just and not perfect. God warned Adam and Eve about Satan being in Eden to tempt. All God could do was warn them if he wanted to remain perfect. Even though they were warned, Adam and Eve still fell, ignoring God 's warnings of death and
Similarly, Iqbal refers God as the most unique Individual. He believes that an individual can attain individuality only when he creates in himself the attributes of God that eventually results into the absorption of God in him. As Iqbal states: “Its hands become God’s hand, The moon is split by its fingers” (Asrar-e-khudi, line 487 to 488). Thirdly, both poets show consent on the point that individuality demands self-reliance. According to Whitman one cannot claim individuality until he believes in his own instincts and explore things on his own because “a man or woman in Whitman’s eyes does not need anything but their own self to exist as a flourishing human being” (Sovenko, 2010, p.2).
They both concur heavily that humankind displeased God’s honor by not obeying his predetermined boundaries. The arrogant approach Beatrice takes is enough to convince Dante of her theory. She formats her argument beautifully including a well described creation story depicting the humans as rational creatures God created to love and worship him. Her explanation after reading Dante’s mind in regards to earth, fire and water is superior to Anselm. Both preach humans were crafted to live forever originally, but the trespassing demanded compensation to reinstate God’s dignity as the greatest conceivable being.
Throughout his Divine Comedy, Dante Alighieri encounters with two women, which are antithetical to one another in terms of their roles in the context of love. These two women, Francesca di Rimini and Beatrice have similar emotional experiences with their lovers, both having relationships outside marriage; yet they have opposite interpretations of what they experience and where their fates led them. The reader meets Francesca in Inferno, while meets Beatrice in Paradiso. In other words, one of them is being punished, whereas the other women is placed at a divine level. Thus, the female characters within the poem represents two distinct roles of women: either as a pure and holy being, or as a sinful entity.
This is where he finds himself in life changing journey. Valhalla encouraged Coelho by saying “Open your heart, and listen to what your dreams tell you. Follow those dreams, because only a person who is not ashamed can manifest the glory of God.” Paulo Coelho's purpose of long travel was to meet angels because according to him "People talk with their angels. Because only the angels know the best path. It does no good to seek advice about it from others.” This novel again and again points Paulo's weaknesses.
In the Meditations the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius, a Stoic, extolls the character and actions of his father for his humility, sobriety, justness, lack of anger, and patience. He places reason as that which, “promises freedom from hasty judgement, and friendship towards men, and obedience to the gods.” He argues that since life is fleeting man must live for the day, in the present, realizing that the memory of him will die with those who die soon after. To Aurelius then, since death happens to all people, as does both good and bad, it is virtuous actions through the “commands of reason” that bring truth, love, and contentment. Virtue then is the highest quality in man, and it is governed by reason. Virtue is centered in and willfully pursued by human nature.
In retrospect, this could also be seen as the leading motif in Everyman. This is the recurring message/theme that we are faced with in every aspect of the play, from the opening, to the rising action, climax and falling action. We are constantly reminded that good deeds should be our only trusted companion. Materialistic verse Spiritual Gain is another major theme in Everyman, all the riches in the world equate to nothing if a man has to suffer the loss of his own soul, a theme clearly enunciated by God at the very beginning of the
In his “Mathnawi,” he says: “If love’s pulse does not beat within a man let him be Plato, he is but an ass. To Rumi, growth, evolution, assimilation and unity in this world are manifestations of the form of love. He says, “If there had not been love,” “there would have not been any existence. Had it not been for pure love’s sake, how should there have been any reason for the creation of heavens”. The fundamental difference between the two is that Plato approaches reality through rational inquiry and regards love as mediator between the two worlds.