The ancient Mesopotamians believed that the primary function of their existence on the Earth was to serve the ruling Gods. It is for this reason that ancient Mesopotamian ritual was aimed primarily at keeping the Gods happy and content. The ancient Mesopotamians believed that the satisfaction of the Gods was of utmost importance to the welfare of Mesopotamian civilization. They believed that if the Gods were happy, humankind would thrive and be protected. Alternatively, if the Gods were unhappy, humankind would suffer evils such as plagues and earthquakes (Clark 2012).
Athena, Apollo, and Zeus are three very influential divines and their interactions with human characters, along with interference towards the warfare is seen throughout the Iliad. The gods represent the best and worst, and they show us both the possibilities and limitations of human behavior. If nothing else, the gods remind us of the overwhelming
As mortals, Greeks were most likely afraid to question anything the gods did, and specifically not Zeus. The Greeks could have been punished by a natural disaster or an unleashed evil from the underworld. Zeus’s power was so influential as described by Hesiod, “for easily he makes them strong and easily he brings them low” (Works and Days lines 3-7). The fear of Zeus’s strong authority and ability to induce these terrors on the Greeks must have played a strong role in how they responded to Zeus’s sexual escapades. In addition, aside from their religion the Greeks, as humans, recognize the realistic quality of their lives and are aware of the uncertainty they endure.
Similar to Atrahasis, the gods decide to destroy humanity, and feel remorse after causing a flood that almost accomplishes their will. Both Atrahasis and The Epic of Gilgamesh provide the framework that humans are ultimately expendable in the eyes of the gods either due to disobedience or inconvenience as both stories show humans as servants to the gods. This point is reinforced by the Enuma Elis which has Marduk creating humanity to do the work of the gods. In conclusion, the three aforementioned scenes show humanity as equated to servants, objects of the gods, and punished for disobeying their
Moreover, if Artemis can bless humans like Agamemnon with wind,then she could curse those who go against with other natural phenomenon. Evidently, Gods like Artemis achieve legitimacy by invoking fear upon citizens. By achieving legitimacy, Artemis through manipulates Agamemnon into committing heinous acts since she is well-aware Agamemnon’s needs for war. It is apparent the imbalance of power found in the relationship between Gods and humans encourages a behavior that appeases the ruling class: the Gods. Similarly, David tries to appease God in order to benefit from his power.
In Shakespeare 's Richard III, divine justice and supernatural elements are utilized in the form of prophetic dreams, curses, and ghosts which highlight Richard III guilt and ultimate demise. As a result of his physical deformity, Richard struggles to create genuine relationships with those around him. He attempts to combat fate by engaging his human agency to manipulate those around him. His position as an outcast in the English court deeply effects his view on fate and divinity. It is evident in the first three acts that Richard is vengeful toward those of "divine right".
Such a moral code would only be applicable to the followers of that religion. If another religion is forced on a population, their moral codes will have to change with it. For example, the Aztecs were famous for many things, but possibly most famous for their practice of human sacrifice. This was a religious practice that they believed pleased their gods and ensured a good harvest (Kramer, 2013). To the Aztecs, this was therefore an ethical act as it ensured the survival of their society.
“The devil knew how to cause or exacerbate natural disorders by disturbing the balance of the humors in people’s bodies” (189 Rosen). The belief that the devil could cause disorders in humans relates back to the belief of pagan. During the Elizabethan era, doctors believed that the body was made up of four humors. “Previously, doctors though mental illness was caused by"evil humour" (bodily fluids) that could be reduced by bloodletting” (Lace 78). When someone is sick, it means the humors were either disturbed or replaced with an “evil humor”, which is associated with evil spirits.
The combination of Macbeth’s ambition and outside forces creates the tragedy in Macbeth, which is influenced by the supernatural much more than Antigone. Sophocles presents that disobeying the gods will ruin your life and your loved ones, While Shakespeare
They just naturally assumed that there was evil that had to be corrected and the gods were putting their wrath on the humanity. Many moments, from volcanic eruptions to a worldwide flood were caused by gods that are angry according to the Greeks. With people not knowing how things naturally occurring, they would blame small things like droughts to over abundance of water on the gods. Also with the reoccurring natural disasters were to the blame of the gods. Incidents that had to do with weather were from Zeus.
Akhenaten was a devoted man that put all of his faith in the god Aten, who was the god of the sun disk. The pharaoh was originally known as Amenhotep the fourth but changed his name to Akhenaten, which meant “He who serves Aten.” Akhenaten was a strong believer in his god that having another gods name in his name was unacceptable to him. After the pharaoh fully devoted himself to his god, he tried to bring other people in worshipping Aten by developing a temple at Thebes. Although, people’s faith in their gods was much stronger and they refused to worship Aten, Akhenaten did not give up. “He disbanded the priesthood of all gods except Aten; halted the worship in their temples; and he tried to annihilate their memory by erasing their name and
This means that the sinners have to be born again to be in the kingdom. Moreover, Edwards had a powerful impact on his puritan audience of his puritan audience because of his use of a complex figurative language in the passage. In paragraph 2, it states that “They are now the objects of that very same anger and wrath of God, which is expressed in the torments of hell”. It also states that “Is not at present very angry with them as he is with many miserable creatures now tormented in hell”. Theses quotes reveal that God power is fear so that it can shut the sinners down and destroy sinners who made him angry.
In both busts these sculptures have the portrait of emperor Commodus and the small town hero David as musculant where as in real life they weren’t this is done because Romans believed that the god made us humans and by showing David and Commodus as being musculant hey are portraying them as gods and God were portrayed to be musculant and strong. This is also to show power and strength of them and compare them to the gods in their skills and intelligence. This shows how people respected David and Commodus and hot they treated them like god like humans. They both have small lips, moth. In both busts the lips/mouth are shut.
Although the Mesopotamians and Egyptians of 3500 to 1500 B.C.E. were similar due to social hierarchy and power roles, nevertheless, the differences between Mesopotamians and Egyptians are evident with politics. This is because of the way Egyptians saw opposing countries as enemies and how Mesopotamians saw other countries as trading partners. The Mesopotamians viewed their priests as extremely powerful people, believing that priests were connected spiritually to the gods and worked hard to appease the gods. The priests would use this to their advantage.
These kingdoms conform a whole spiritual structure or system that is ruled by darkness. In the natural they were a manifestation of spiritual entities that guard the form of government of the devil. Rome is the vulnerable kingdom, due to its tremendous expansion. A rule of war says that the more you expand, the more vulnerable you become. Rome fell because of its expansion.