Approaching the end of the 1915, Australian experienced a leadership change. The prime minister at that time, William Hughes was a support of Conscription. Conscription means a compulsory enlistment for state service, typically into the armed forces ( the army ). However, the majority of people in the Labor Party did not support conscription and therefore caused conflict. While some were patriotic and wanted to help to fight for their country, others thought it was a waste of lives and that war was stupid.
Prior to the beginning of World War II in 1939, its predecessor, World War I, inappropriately nicknamed ‘The War to End All Wars’, initiated in 1914. Today, if a war were to break out, then the destruction would be devastating, possibly flattening out the remainder of humanity. Consequently, however, with the eighteenth century technology available at the time of World War 1, it definitely seemed as if it would end all wars, correspondingly being one of the first times major countries allied together would have a conflict with other allied countries at this large of a scale. World War I was the result of multiple threats and advances to war from the alleged Central powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire against the forces
With the event of the Port Arthur massacre in 1996, the Australian population where pushing tighter gun laws. With the quick development of one of the largest gun reforms in recent history, Australia became and remains the standard for advocates of anti-gun and gun control campaigns. As Australia being a federation, John Howard (who has only been in office six weeks) had to convince the country’s states into supporting a nationwide reform. With the ‘Australian gun buyback’ in 1996-97, 650,000 privately held guns were collected and destroyed in an incentive to minimise gun related crime.
World War I, 1914-1918, was the 'Great War ', the 'war to finish all wars '. in this conflict, the foremost necessary piece of ground was the 'Western Front ' in France and European nation wherever nice battles were fought with names that were once unit words in Australia — Fromelles, the Somme, Bullecourt, Messines, Passchendaele and Villars–Bretonneux. Of the quite 295,000 Australians UN agency served during this theatre of war within the Australian Imperial Force (AIF), 46,000 lost their lives and 132,000 were wounded. The Western Front was the most theatre of war throughout warfare I. Following the irruption of war in August 1914, the German Army opened the Western Front 1st by invasive Luxembourg and European nation, then gaining social control of necessary industrial regions in France.
Over 17 million people died in World War I. Over 60 million people died in World War II. The deaths almost tripled because of the advancements in the war. 73 years ago on September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland without warning sparking the start of World War II. By the evening of September 3, Britain and France were at war with Germany and within a week, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and South Africa had also joined the war.
I know that the war was extremely tormenting for the soldiers, and when they came back, they weren’t greeted with praise for their efforts, that they were treated as criminal. The people of Australia didn’t know what the soldiers had gone through, the gore, seeing your friends die, the killing and any other dehumanizing acts they had done. It is because of this that the rate of PTSD and compared with other men of that generation, Vietnam Vets have higher rates of psychiatric disorders, heart disease, alcoholism and a higher suicide rate among their families. The war was so different from any others, because of style of it, Guerrilla warfare. The Australian troops had never fought this way before, they were used to on fronts where they could retreat when needed, but in Vietnam they had to be on full alert, even each step they had to be careful, for the Vietnamese had set traps.
Before the Great War the country of Canada was still considered quite young in relation to the other nations of the world, having only became one not only fifty years before the assassination if Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand, and the declaration of war between the allied forces of Great Britain, France and Russia and the central powers of Germany, Austro – Hungary and Bulgaria. This would send a shockwave around the world more particularly with in Europe as they had no real idea of what would come in the next four long years. With Britain declaring war, its colonies all around the world were dragged in with it. From Canada all the way to Australia, the small upstart nations were forced to fight and even die to defend the honor of its mother country.
Here, the Australian forces experienced a great victory at a heavy cost. The Australian troops managed to take the town early on in the attack, however the Germans held on to their position at Pozieres Ridge until the 4th August 1916. As shown by two pictures, ferocious German artillery bombardments and counterattacks on Pozieres, eventually erased the village from the site; the only clue that there was a village, was a notice board which was marked with the word ‘Pozieres’. (viii) No words could describe the devastating image of the battlefield left behind from the attack, because it was kneaded and mutilated so much that ‘it resembled a choppy sea [with] men, weapons, equipment and defence positions…buried [in it].’(ix) Although the attack was successful, the fighting was bloody and vehement with approximately 23,000 casualties. (x) According to Sergeant E.J, the surviving soldiers emerged from the site ‘walking in a dream…[with a] glassy [stare]…[looking] drawn…haggard…[and]
The meeting was intended for all Aboriginal people and around 1000 people attended deeming it one of the first mass civil rights gatherings. During the meeting, Jack Patten and William Ferguson distributed pamphlets called ‘Aborigines Claim Citizenship Rights’ included a statement saying; “You are the New Australians, but we are the Old Australians. We have in our arteries the blood of the Original Australians, who have lived in this land for many thousands of years. You came here only recently, and you took our land away from us by force. You have almost exterminated our people, but there are enough of us remaining to expose the humbug of your claim, as white Australians, to be a civilised, regressive, kindly and humane nation” which showed the Aborigines perspective on their living conditions and constant discrimination by the White Settlers.
World War 1 was a historic event which began in 1914 and ended in 1918. This bloody conflict took the lives of more than 17 million people who were fighting for their countries. Being a British colony at the time, Canada was dragged into the war that did not impact the country in any way, yet thousands of Canadians volunteered to devote their lives for their nation. The first World War had the greatest impact on Canadian history during the 20th century, as this event helped Canada gain more independence from Britain, it helped introduce women in the workforce, and also introduced non-white Canadians in the army. For the longest time, Canada had been under British control, however, this changed a bit after World War 1 took place.
The Great War, or World War I, was the first major war to involve a vast majority of countries. Beginning in August 1914 and lasting until November 1918, the Great War’s occurred due to the underlying “combustible rivalry between Great Britain and Germany.” (706) Germany had allied with Austria-Hungary to form the Central Powers while Britain had allied with France, Russia and later Italy to form the Allied Powers. (705) However, it was the assassination of the Hasburg heir in the capital of Austria Bosnia that ultimately sparked the Great War to commence. (706) And in the end, it was the devastating aftermath of the war that caused many nations to foster “notions of freedom and self-determination” as well as “visions for building a viable, modern society.” (705-706) As a result, the Great War had a tremendous influence in many economic and political world affairs. For example, there were economic repercussions that European countries and the United States had to address because of the cost and impact of the Great War.
During World War One, the Gallipoli campaign was launched which Australian Soldiers has a significant role in it. The aim of the campaign was to gain control of the Gallipoli Peninsular and drive the Turks back. If the campaign was successful, the allies would have control of the 67km stretch of land next to the Dardanelles waterway allowing them to support Russia who was in a stalemate on the Western Front. Unfortunately, the campaign did not succeed and many Australians lost their lives. Overall, Australian soldiers made a huge contribution to Gallipoli throughout the entire campaign and made a significant difference.