Dna Vs Rna Essay

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DNA stand for deoxyribonucleic acid. RNA stands for ribonucleic acid. They share some similarities,

such as both being nucleic acids. Nucleic acids are long macromolecules that consist of a long chain of

nucleotides. Both DNA and RNA have five carbon sugar and four nitrogen containing bases. In addition,

DNA and RNA can be found in the nucleus of the cell.

They are also vital to organisms. They are key to genetic information being created and distributed to

various parts for the cell. Since they are primarily located in the nucleus, they essentially play a part in being

the "brain of the cell." They provide directions in which a cell will be formed, comprised of, and function.

They also alter cells when necessary. Without DNA
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As a result, since it is unable to change, it will more than likely die.

Regardless of their similarities, they do have differences. DNA has genetic instructions that help in

developing organisms, as well as helping them to function. They act as a "blueprint" with guidelines to make

sure that the organism can function and exist. DNA in essence makes a person who they are. The genetic

information in DNA is what makes plants look like plants, and humans look like humans. In addition, they
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There are three kinds of DNA with specific functions. First, messenger RNA (mRNA) is

responsible for transcribing the information from the DNA. That information is then sent to the ribosomes and

cytoplasm. The second, transfer RNA (tRNA) transfers amino acids to the mRNA in a ribosome.

The third, ribosomal RNA (rRNA), translates the information from the mRNA and the tRNA. It then

synthesizes a polypeptide protein.

In addition, DNA and RNA differ structurally. DNA is double stranded. It 's two strands has five carbon

sugar, as wells as four nitrogen containing bases: adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine. As the
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