While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different. The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817). According to Edward Ayres in American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present all three Presidents used some form of Economic Aid, how we help other countries financially; Military Aid, how we help other countries’ militaries; and finally, Military Use, how we utilise our military (Ayres 817).
His plan drove the Soviet out of Afghanistan and depleted much of their moral, making them weaker. Their weakness would later play a role in the collapse of the USSR and the end of the Cold
Despite his popularity in the US as “The Man Who Beat Communism”, Reagan’s presidency during the 1980s was only a sidekick to Gorbachev in the efforts to end the Cold War. Reagan’s actions against the USSR did not scare the nation into reforms, but Gorbachev’s impact in the Cold War, reforming the Soviet Union and oversight of communism’s peaceful transition into democracy during the late 80s overshadows Reagan’s seemingly token actions, portraying clearly that the only man which can hold the title of the “Man Who Ended the Cold War” with any credibility is Mikhail Gorbachev. The claim that Reagan’s increasing actions against communism and the USSR directly led to the appointment of reformist Mikhail Gorbachev to the post of General Secretary
The advantage to using the opinions of others is that the reader understands that it is not just D’Souza who holds these sentiments towards Reagan. For example, referencing Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), for which many criticized President Reagan, Strobe Talbott admitted: “SDI was a factor in luring the Soviets back to the bargaining table…for that Reagan deserves credit” (180). British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher also greatly commended Reagan for SDI, readily acknowledging that SDI was crucial in ending the Cold War
One of President Reagan’s legacies was he was able to lower inflation as well as lowering the marginal income tax rate. These initiatives helped America grow as a super power. Known as the President which brought down the Soviet Union, President Reagan met with Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev to solve the conflict between the nations. These meetings helped prevent World
Ronald Reagan was an influential leader due to his actions in the Cold War, his stance on international peace, and his impact on the US economy. Between 1981 and 1989, Ronald Reagan was a major force in creating a peaceful end to the Cold War. The military spending policies of the Reagan-Bush years forced the Soviets to the brink of economic collapse (Jim Woods). This was beneficial to ending the Cold War because the Soviets could not afford to move resources, Nuclear Missiles, into firing positions.
In the 1990s, Sir Nicholas Henderson, British ambassador, said that "If I reported to you what Margaret Thatcher really thought about President Reagan, it would damage Anglo-American relations, " (page2).
Such a position served to endear effectively it to the Western nations who were looking for an edge over the Soviet Union (Grozev, 2002). As such, even before Kennedy became the president of the US, he had cultivated critical relations with Yugoslavia. It is documented that President Tito had arranged an elaborate reception for Kennedy when still a Senator in the US. He was treated like a top national dignitary and had at his disposal the trappings of power that foreign ministers
Preceding Presidencies to Reagan’s made the country look weak and vulnerable and there is no better example of this than during The Cold War. Presidents Nixon, Ford, and Carter believed that the best way to deal with the Cold War was through a principle known as “détente”. This basically mean that they wanted the Cold War to be resolved through attempting to create a peaceful co-existence between The Soviet Union and The United States. Another idea that these three Presidents believe in is known as containment. The theory behind containment was that the U.S. would not push the USSR out of the
In conclusion, the Cold War created a great tension between the US and Soviet Union in forming competing ideologies of capitalism and communism. These opposite ideals were the driving force behind many major decisions by the US in its foreign policy in terms of containing the spread of communism. The US engaged in proxy wars where it supported allies which held similar beliefs. In the Vietnam conflict, the US not only supported an ally but even fought side by side to stop the adoption of communism in that country. Although looking back, the US may question its involvement in the Vietnam war, at that time, based on its position taken in the Cold War conflict this high cost seemed well worth it.
Also, these two presidents were able to use public information as a tool for their causes, and it helped to gather support. Woodrow Wilson also sided with the pro-imperialists, believing that the United States had the right to do with these nations as they pleased. It was after both World Wars that arguments and actions occurred against extensions of presidential power. The author mentioned that Dean Acheson, who was President Harry S. Truman’s Secretary of State, criticized the right of the president to be able to use American troops in executing foreign policy, while the Congress has no say in the matter. Also, this was followed by actions by the Supreme Court to say “that Truman had gone beyond his authority by moving to take over strike-bound mills to ensure the steady production of war material”.
The U.S. wanted to stop communism, and thus began the Cold war. The U.S. had two ways to attempt to stop communism, The Truman Doctrine and The Marshall plan. The Truman Doctrine helped countries who were exposed to the
Theodore Roosevelt was deserving of the Nobel Peace Prize because he helped settle the dispute between Russia and Japan. He also made a deal with Japan concerning Korea. These things may not seem like much, but they made a huge impact on many countries. In document two, the picture illustrates how Roosevelt reconciles the parties of Russia and Japan.
Reagan foreign policies moved away from Détente to bargain from a position of power, this led to the buildup of the military and the technological advances in weaponry. Programs like Strategic Defense Initiative rendered the use of IBCM ineffective (in theory), the advances in battlefield weaponry, M1 Abrahams, and Tomahawk cruise missiles, evened the odds against the larger Soviets forces and in some cases gave the United States the advantage. Many people give Reagan credit for bringing about the collapse of the Iron Curtain, however the Soviet Union’s economic policies restricted growth and led to a huge amount of discord among the population. The advantage that Reagan had was the Soviets were struggling in Afghanistan and in 1986 the Chernobyl incident which spread radioactive particles over the Western portions of Russia and Eastern Europe. The estimated cost of Chernobyl is 18 Billion rubles (1986) over 200 million in today’s dollars, and led to the evacuation of over 300,000 people in what history will determine the worst nonmilitary nuclear event to date.
The Cuban Missile Crisis largely was between the Soviet Union and the United States. Their leaders, Nikita Khrushchev and John F. Kennedy, most likely felt forced to do what was best for their country. In Kennedy’s situation, the Americans wanted to get rid of the missiles, get rid of Fidel Castro and eliminate Communism from Cuba. Khrushchev and the Soviets wanted to test the USA and prove that the USSR was stronger, but he also wished other countries to feel attracted to