Trotsky’s role in the Russian revolution was extensive in its nature. As best overall described by the encyclopedia Brittanica, “Trotsky hailed the outbreak of revolution in Russia in February as the opening of the permanent revolution he had predicted. He reached Petrograd in mid-May and assumed the leadership of a left-wing Menshevik faction. Following the abortive July Days uprising, Trotsky was arrested in the crackdown on the Bolshevik leadership carried out by Aleksandr Kerensky’s liberal government. In August, while still in jail, Trotsky was formally admitted to the Bolshevik Party and was also elected to membership on the Bolshevik Central Committee.
During this period the Russian government was fraught with corruption, and the economy was regressive. However, despite the tempestuous climate of Russia due to Czar Nicholas II rule, the most immediate cause of the revolution can be traced to Russia’s ruinous involvement in World War I
The Russian revolution technically consisted of two revolutions, the so called “January revolution” and the “October revolution”, that both took place in 1917. They came to change Russia not only politically but socially as well. The ruler of Russia, tsar Nicholaj II, was an autocratic dictator who did not want anyone else to rule. He kept poor track of his country and lived in solitude far away from the people. When Russia entered WWI it became clear to everyone just how poorly he ruled his country.
From these issues that occurred it was quite evident that serfdom prevented the growth of Russian industry, obstructing the free flow of labor and restricting enterprise. It also prevented the introduction of modern methods of agriculture, leaving Russia poor and lagging behind the rest of Europe. Defeat in Crimea had shown that the army needed urgent reforms and this was difficult to achieve as long as serfdom survived. Abolition of serfdom was the only way to stop the rising number of peasant revolts as there had been over a thousand since 1800. It was quite evident that serfdom prevented Russia’s growth and development as a country, so it was then on March 3 1861 when Alexander II emancipated the serfs.
Why? The Russian Revolution, which was started by Lenin and his followers, was a rebellion that occurred in 1917 which forced higher powers to act to the needs of the lower class. For instance, many citizens were worried for their protection in consequence to the lack of survival necessities due to an early drought. Furthermore, their current czar during the time was incapable for his position as a czar and made horrendous decisions as czar. For example, when the czar, Nicholas, entered in World War I, he sent untrained troops into countless battles of failure which costed in mass amounts of lost life (paragraph 23).
In the early 1900’s the Russian people had become angry at the way the Russian monarchy (Tsar Nicholas II) had handled foreign affairs and how he was treating his people unfairly. They had many protests, one in 1905 and two in 1917. The revolution in 1905 overthrow the absolute monarchy and put in a provisional government. No one really listened to the provisional government, so they overthrew it again in 1917. These revolutions and acts of disobedience led to many unnecessary deaths of innocent people.
Imagine living in a society brainwashed by propaganda, where you only can think what you are told. From 1929-1953, citizens of the Soviet Union had to endure this under the rule of Joseph Stalin. Joseph Stalin ruled the Soviet Union in 1929 right after the death of Vladimir Lenin, the first leader of the Soviet Union. From the moment he came into power, Stalin started instilling fear in the population, and those he viewed as a threat were sent to his gulags or labor camps. Citizens of the Soviet Union were so petrified of being sent to gulags that they did not show any opposition to his rule.
The Russian Revolution of 1917 allowed for the transformation of the Russian government, bringing about a radical political group called the Soviet Union, which spread the political ideal of communism worldwide, changed country boundaries and generated new ways of thinking. The Russian coup d'état of 1917 was caused by various circumstances, with the event in itself labeled as a “major political upheaval” (). The people of Russia were unsatisfied with the oppressive autocratic rule of Nicholas II and the loss of a vast amount of men and resources
Russian tsars are authoritative Christian monarchs which started in 1721 from one of the first emperors named Peter I the Great. This empire lasted until 1917 when Nicholas had to abdicate his throne due to many reasons and considered a backward country. There is also a speculation about two family members surviving the firing squad. The Russian tsars established in 1672 and Peter I the great was Russia’s first emperor. He was one of the most celebrated ones of the Romanov dynasty and influenced church’s, legislation and courts.
Peter ruled Russia jointly with is brother Ivan V from 1682 until 1696. Peter inherited a country, which was greatly underdeveloped. He reformed his army, built a strong navy, secularized schools, reformed the Orthodox Church and introduced several territorial divisions. He developed the country’s commerce and industry, modernized Russian alphabet, and introduced the first newspaper. He also reformed the government and its foreign policy.