King was disappointed in the biased and distorted views of his fellow religious colleagues and the fact that they showed no concern for the brutality endured by the black community. The exigence of it is Dr. King felt the necessity to defend and justify his nonviolent actions and responded to their accusations and disapproval by writing a Letter from Birmingham Jail. In his letter King wrote about racial discrimination and the struggles and inequalities faced by the black community and he intended for it to encourage and promote desegregation and equality among all nations. Being a highly educated civil rights activist, a fellow minister, and the President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, King declared his knowledge and experience as proof that he had the authority to speak on the issues. He strategically used biblical and historical references to expose the reality that segregation, injustice, and racism still strongly existed in Birmingham.
For instance, “...what is it, but a tradition, though a recent one, endeavoring to transmit itself unimpaired prosperity…”(Thoreau 1). He thinks the government should be a tool for people to utilize, not something that stays the same, the way tradition stays the same, and is against the citizens. Martin Luther King has a similar general idea. For example, “I think I should indicate why I am here in Birmingham…”(King 1) This demonstrates he is writing his response to the clergyman to talk about the reason he is in jail. King was in jail for speaking his mind about racial discrimination, but the clergyman did not like his protests accusing him of putting the lives of others in danger, but in reality it's the police who act violently and put the lives of innocent people in danger by persecuting the unruffled protesters.
Dr. King’s way of speech in “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” starts off with, “My Dear fellow Clergymen,” which seems oddly reserved. He had learned that Birmingham clergymen had issued a declaration critiquing him and flattering the city’s narrow-minded police influence, when Dr. King had been in solitary quarantine. Due to this, anyone could agree that Dr. King had every right to write an enraged letter. However, his topic was not to go off on this matter, but to explain himself. Thus, Dr. King starts his letter with “fellow clergymen,” which depicts the main idea of his argument, which is “brotherhood.” Angered by this critique, he maintains a diplomatic tone throughout the letter.
Dr. Martin Luther king Jr. even describes their frustrations on a letter that he wrote to his oppose white fellow. In this letter, he explained the reasons of their action, he also responded back all the criticism that he received. He was taken as extremist for fighting for his rights and the rights of his people
Dr. King wrote the "Letter from Birmingham Jail" in response to a letter written by the Eight Alabama Clergymen who were protesting the progress of desegregation in Birmingham through peaceful acts by the Negro community. King responds to the eight clergymen in a respectful but yet stern and intelligent way. The clergymen expressed that they felt the Negro community 's actions were untimely, unwise, and disrespectful. The clergymen felt that these ethnic issues should be addressed in a court room and not on the corner. Although they understood where King was coming from, they felt like these actions would result in violence.
While the segregation laws were clearly out of line with the constitution, why did they choose to peacefully protest in the streets rather than violently fight back against the policemen who often hurt and even killed some of them? I find it noble that MLK Jr. would fight for this cause, but I also wonder how much his religious faith played into his civil right stance. Considering that all men are created equal under God is a strong reason that one might consider equal rights for all, but legally blacks had the right to be equal to whites, giving them every right to protest, from a civil or religious
Martin Luther King Jr. wrote the letter from a Birmingham jail responding to his white clergymen. Martin was accused as being an outsider and he wrote the letter to defend himself. The clergymen were the ones who criticized what he did and got him put into jail. Dr. King wrote this letter towards religious leaders that had the power to change segregation laws but wouldn 't do it. He writes this because of the harsh treatment that African Americans received based on their skin tone being different.
In Letter from a Birmingham Jail, Dr. King addresses his fellow peers for calling his protest ending segregation “unwise & untimely”. King hopes to clarify their actions in this letter. Dr. King couldn’t remain mutual while in other places across the United States horrendous segregation acts were taking place. He said, “Whatever affects one directly affects all indirectly”. Like many before him, he too felt the need to help his fellow brothers and sisters’ fight for their cause.
This is why Martin Luther King Junior was involved in Birmingham. King had organizational ties there, and wanted to end the racial injustice that was happening in the city (1). While in Birmingham, King was sent to the city jail for protesting without a permit. While in the jail facility, he wrote a letter responding to several clergymen’s statements on his nonviolent demonstrations
For example, the support in the clergymen’s letter is found when they are stating that there has been local “friction and unrest” from these protests proving that these protests are stirring up trouble (Wood 174). In King’s letter, the supports that he uses throughout his letter are references from people back in history such as Socrates, biblical references, and personal anecdotes about how he has to explain to his children when they ask him “Why do white people treat colored people so mean?” (Wood 179). Furthermore, the warrant in the clergymen letter is that protests and violence are not the way to figure out these problems about segregation. Similarly, King’s warrant includes how violence is not the answer, but sees protests and peaceful demonstration are necessary for change and attention. The backing for the clergymen’s letter was that the protests are causing nothing more but trouble in Birmingham, while the backing for King’s letter was that the protests will help everyone come together and fight the segregation and create a civil rights movement that will end