The argument was whether or not photography was art. Soon this argument was asked about film and whether it was art because it seemed to transform the entire nature of art. Walter also inserted quotes from Abel Gance, Severin Mars and Alexandre Arnoux about their thought as to what actually constitutes for art. Wlater Benjamin then wrote,”It is instructive to note how their desire to class the film among the “arts” forces these theoreticians to read ritual elements into it – with a striking lack of discretion. Even today authors give film a similar contextual significance if not outright sacred one, then at least a supernatural one.
Steven Spielberg is an American director whose had countless top grossing films and captured the attention of American audiences. “Jaws”, “Jurassic Park”, “Saving Private Ryan” and 42 more films have been directed by Spielberg and have been credited with countless awards. Spielberg has worked with award winning actors, used groundbreaking technology, and is even considered to be the father of the New Hollywood Era. As a child Steven would film things like family events and occasions and soon went onto directing tv shows, before movies, starting in the mid 80’s to the present. Steven Spielberg is the most memorable director due to his advances in movie special effects and setting the stage for summer blockbusters.
Pulp Fiction is a film that revolutionized the way movies were made, and since its premiere has left lasting influences on cinema as an art form. This essay will focus specifically on the popularization of non-linear story telling and use of postmodernism in mainstream cinema. In addition, it will examine use of cynicism and irony within the film to speak to the disenchantment of Generation X and the responses to the film which solidified it as a cultural phenomenon. Pulp Fiction not only impacted the beliefs and values which defined mood of the period they were born into, the film techniques and distinct aesthetics of both films are what made postmodernism in mainstream cinema not only possible, but popular. In Pulp Fiction, Tarantino champions the postmodern aesthetics of past imitation and intertextuality.
It is argued that ‘soft power’ that the United States had amassed, the popularity of the American culture and the attraction of it played a part in the nation’s victory in the Cold War. The notion of ‘soft power’ as can be derived from the film has the country gain the ability to get what it wants through attraction instead of coercion. Such applies to the film considering the advantaged position that the United States gain by establishing the critical vulnerability in the alien ship. By sharing this new-gotten knowledge, the United States would be enabling other countries to defeat the rest of the destroyer ships (Eriksson and Norman 426). Such set the basis of the ‘soft power’ that the United States develop as it begins shaping the preferences
Being in the competitive market of the entertaining industry, Disney has approached the horizontal integration strategy to gain much more space in this market. The best example of how Disney has expanded by this way of growth is watching its many movie studios adquisitions. Currently, Walt Disney Studios owns Marvel Enterteinmet and LucasFilm. Marvel, is the house of the most economically prolific superheros, whereas LucasFilm is the owner of the famous saga Star Wars. With these purchases, Disney has doubled its presence in the film markets, at the same time that ot has eliminated the competence, by making it its own.
It builds an intense mood of the film, also as an acoustical indication to the elapse of time. Hans Zimmer builds visible musical atmospheres throughout the film, in Inception, music interacts with the plot, the film focus more on the external shape than the intrinsic nature. (Blewitt, 1997) In Kill Bill Volume 1, Quentin Tarantino’s formalist approach on films did not devastate within classical cinema, instead, his films emerged and became popular. The film techniques he used in Kill Bill are not intricate enough in an aesthetic perspective, but the ‘Tarantino effect’ has shaped the landscape of contemporary
Because it is first, it has the most influential qualities. Delving into the relationship between German cinema and Hollywood, when the Nazis took over Germany from 1933 to 1945, many of the directors like Fritz Lang and Ernst Lubitsch became refugees in America. This had clearly benefited Hollywood because these émigré filmmakers brought with them new knowledge in cinema to the US (Goldmann, 2013). Being one of the most influential director of German Expressionism, Fritz Lang used distortions and harsh lighting to express the internal feelings of an individual. This had influenced American director, Alfred Hitchcock in his films like I Confess
When discussing both Hollywood remakes as well as globalization, the topic of cultural imperialism comes up. It is first important to understand what exactly cultural imperialism is, according to the Oxford Dictonary, cultural imperialism is “The extension of the influence or dominance of one nation's culture over others, now usually through the exportation of cultural commodities such as film, music, etc.” (Cultural Imperialism). The controversy with this comes about as many people believe Hollywood is encroaching on others cultures in the process of producing their remakes and interpretations of other cultures. One author writes that Hollywood is gutting remakes of European films, “Hollywood persists in remaking ‘foreign’ movies because of their sophistication, worldliness and finesse – then gutting them of it” (Smith Please: No More). Although this is a valid opinion and one that is shared by a significant group of people, one can also argue that Hollywood remakes are not attempting to be exact replicas of their foreign counterparts, but instead, adapted films from their foreign counterparts to fit with the local culture.
One of the most prominent effects of Vertigo was on the film industry itself. It was during this film that Alfred Hitchcock developed the technique of the dolly zoom effect, in which the camera moves closer to or further from an object while simultaneously zooming in the opposite direction. While Hitchcock developed this technique to translate the feeling of Scottie’s vertigo to the audience, filmmakers like Steven Spielberg took advantage of the effect to relay dread, most notably in Jaws (Ursell). In terms of content, Vertigo was highly influential of Brian De Palma’s 1976 film, Obsession, which similarly echoes the main characters’ obsession with a woman who resembles someone they once loved. Vertigo was also notably parodied in Mel Brooks’ comedy, High Anxiety in 1977.
Shadows and silhouettes were an important feature of expressionism, to the extent that they were actually painted on to the sets in The Cabinet of Dr Caligari. The story lines of German expressionist films suited the visuals in terms of darkness and disillusionment. Frequently darkish in the mood and featuring characters from a corrupt underworld of crime, the films’ dramatic effects produced motifs of claustrophobia and paranoia. The same words could be used to describe 1940s Hollywood film noir, which was hugely influenced by German expressionism. Film noir is typified by Bogart and Bacall in films such as The Big Sleep.