Ahmed, S., Wilson, K., Henricksen, R., & Jones, J. (2011). What Does It Mean to Be a Culturally-Competent Counselor? Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology, 3(1), 17-28. Retrieved from http://www.psysr.org/jsacp/ahmed-v3n1-11_17-28.pdf The article is based on the changing demographics and the needs for the need for the human services field to become more proficient as it relates to being multiculturally competent.
Gender was coded 1 for male and 0 for female. Education was coded as 0 for less than high school, 1 for high school degree, 2 for some college, 3 for college degree, and 4 for graduate degree. Ultimately the study indicated that immigrants hold a range of attitudes regarding immigration, which is influenced by social factors such as race, gender, and education. "Warmth of the Welcome: Attitudes Toward Immigrants and Immigration Policy in the United States” by Elizabeth Fussell focuses on how the attitudes of native-born Americans on immigrants shapes formation of in groups, out groups, and intergroup relationships. Fussell describes pro-immigrant views as leading to a “warm welcome,” or acceptance of new immigrants and a “cold welcome” as unaccepting of new immigrants.
Despite the fact that intercultural competence has different terminology when referring to disciple or approach, it can also relate to the debate about global citizenship. Intercultural competence is seen as the capability to develop an objective knowledge, attitude, and skills that prompt visible behavior and communication that are both successful and appropriate in intercultural interaction. In other words, intercultural competence is a range of different skills; cognitive, affective, and behavioral skills that lead to communicate effectively and suitable with different surrounding and culture. Intercultural competence can also be broken down into three constituent elements seen as knowledge, skills, and attitude. (Deardorff, 2006) With that being said, knowledge is my substantial weakness while skills and attitude are my strengths regarding intercultural competence.
Study 1 Dialectical/Non-Dialectical Thinking Priming Paradigm In order to induce dialectical (or non-dialectical) mindsets, self-reported cognitive tasks such as thinking about and describing experiences that had both positive and negative consequences for the self (or had either positive or negative consequences for the self) are adopted by previous researchers (Spencer-Rodgers et al., 2004). Because proverbs are useful reflections of cultural norms (Briley et al., 2000; Peng & Nisbett, 1999), researchers have adopted proverbs to identify various thinking styles (Dundes, 1993; Peng & Nisbett, 1999). Examples of dialectical proverbs containing contradiction (i.e., dialectical duality) include the proverb Too much humble is pride, which explicitly contradicts the very meaning of the word humble. Some proverbs may express ideas and/or logic that go against the prevailing cultural norms. For example, the proverb If it is not black, surely it is white makes a distinction of being either black or white.
We aimed to give answer for the question: What is the influence of cultural diversity on performance of multicultural teams? and What is the influence of team members’ cultural intelligence on performance of multicultural teams? In the following section, the hypotheses and their respective results will be discussed and contributions to the theoretical and empirical analysis are presented if relevant. 7.1 Main findings The purpose of this thesis was to investigate the two following relationships: Firstly, the effect of cultural diversity on MCT’s performance and the moderating effect of CQ on this relationship, secondly, the impact of CQ on MCT’s performance. Results show that higher degrees of similarity, rather than diversity, are conducive
Relativism is a philosophical belief that is described as “a family of views whose common theme is that some central aspect of experience, thought, evaluation, or even reality is relative to something else” (Standford University 2003). Relativism believes that each opinion is equally valid. Relativism is often presented when it comes to the problem “how people ought to regard or behave towards those with whom they morally disagree” (Stanford University 2008). Cultural relativism is a more specific theory that deals with the diversity among different cultures. First, it considers that people live in a particular cultural background and enrich their cultures within the society; every culture has its own unique developmental processes that are
A Discussion of the Measurement Equivalence in Cross-Cultural Research Cross-cultural comparison, in which the attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of people from different cultural backgrounds are examined, constitutes an important part of psychological researches (Morren, Gelissen, & Vermunt, 2011). In regard to the validity of cultural comparison, one may wonder whether it is possible to achieve such a comparison; after all, people from different cultural contexts have different languages and ideologies, and they may understand and respond to the topic investigated differently. This question has long been addressed in the literature, and the answer to it is to establish equivalence, or comparability. Cultural equivalence is the prerequisite
to be more polite and without offending someone so that the hearer can accept the point pleasantly. (1981p.45). This phenomenon by expansion dysphemism, is attached politeness through the concept of the face; to be sure x-phemism can be divided in relation to the notion of face and face affront. The function of euphemism is preserving the speaker’s or writer, public image or face in communicative interactions and hence maintaining the social concord in interpersonal relations by avoiding the potential face-affronts that some taboo word expressions may present (Crespo-Fernandez 2015: xi.p. 45-46).
Burgoon, Thomas Birk, and Michael Pfau, “that sets of nonverbal, vocal, kinesic, and proxemic behaviors have substantial impact on source credibility and speaker persuasiveness” (161). More specifically, Burgoon, Birk and Pfau, report that in their research, “nonverbal behaviors posited to create percepts fitting an evaluative dimension (i.e., pleasantness and immediacy behaviors) contributed significantly to credibility judgments of competence, composure, sociability, and character” (162). The research presented by Burgoon, Birk, and Pfau has an obvious correlation to the nonverbal behaviors exhibited by Bill Clinton in his 1993
In addition, the “family resemblance” stabilizes both concepts enough to accommodate the variations and overlapping idealized features such that the author concluded that the prototype theory can capture the fluidity of gender and thus is able to explain why transgender and queer identities are now incorporated in the concept of gender. Needless to say, that the theory can explain a number of observations both within the field of cognitive linguistics and by extension other fields of psychology as it pertains to defining concepts and categorizing information within a