By the 1950’s, America’s illusively plaid appearance was being disrupted by a growing multitude of problems: increasing visibility of poverty, rising frustrations from African American communities, and a growing angst concerning America’s position in the world. In response, the United States’ leaders sustained their constitutional promise to promote the general warfare of society, by confidently indorsing policies that directly attacked these problems-to the best of their ability. When President Lyndon Johnson, Kennedy’s successor, sworn into office, he believed in the active use of power and legislation. “Between 1963 and 1966, he compiled the most impressive legislative record of any president since Franklin Roosevelt” (Brinkley 784). Among
Pre-Write Topic: The impact of women on political and social reforms Footprint: American Progressive Era, 1880s – 1920s Setting the Scene: The Progressive Era was a time of extensive reformation across the United States. Outline of your arguments supported by evidence: - Social change: New inventions increased jobs creating independence, altering family life and leading to protests on wage, birth control, and workplace regulations. Inventions: Typewriter, Telephone Switch, Automobile Jobs: Office, Field, Factory (participated in the war) Independence: increased money, more freedom (from dependency and oppression) Family life: divorce increased, family size decreased Birth Control: raising a child require a lot of time, energy, and money –
After World War II, President Truman warned of communism encroaching on nations vulnerable to Soviet control. The Policy of Containment pledged the U.S. would form strategic alliances and support weak independent nations with military support and economic assistance. A $400 million U.S. appropriation was granted in 1947 to support Greece and Turkey which had lost British assistance. This evolved into the Truman Doctrine that included the Marshall Plan which provided humanitarian aid to devastated Western European nations. After four years and $17 billion these nations established economic security, increased trade with the U.S. and rejected Soviet takeover efforts (ushistory.org).
Similarly explainable, are the adverse effects inspired by America’s push for conformity and consumerism following 1945. Regarding these years, historical statistics suggest a triumphant American atmosphere due to a victorious war outcome and economic affluence, but these positives quickly turned to negatives for certain societal sectors. Most notably, the unit that would grow to be labeled as the Beatniks. Within this crew, alongside Burroughs, was fellow writer Jack Kerouac. Kerouac’s most publicized text, On the Road, has been saluted as the quintessential novel of the 1950s and is beneficial in the fact that it conveys something that the aforementioned historical statistics cannot, emotion.
This essay explores historical, structural elements of society, in order to enlighten our understanding of the world in relation to Atwood 's The Handmaid 's Tale. notable sources include Betty Friedan, Nathaniel Hawthorne, George Orwell, Germaine Greer, and Emma Watson Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique (1963)is widely regarded as one of the most influential nonfiction books of the 20th century and is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States. In the 1950s and 60s, the societal belief was that fulfillment for women could only be found in raising children, looking after the home and meeting their husband 's needs. She highlights the fears of Americans during World War II and The cold war and the want for a “idealized” home life, farther is the breadwinner while the mother is the stay at home housewife. This was helped along by the fact that many of the women who worked during the war filling jobs previously done by men faced dismissal, discrimination, and hostility when the men returned from the war.
“The Peace Movements of the 1960’s challenged authority to achieve a common goal; however, there were subtle differences not only in their aims but also in their methods.” – Critically assess the accuracy of this statement referring to disarmament, students, anti-war and hippie movements in the US during the 1960’s. The 60’s in America was a social revolution, the idea of becoming more accepting of genders and their sexuality, different races and the variety of cultures was prominent. They achieved a lot of this using mass mobilization. These various movements of “people power” that emerged, to form part of the Peace Movement, had the common goals of the disarmament of all nuclear weapons and to end war. However, each movement had subtle differences in both their aims and their methods towards achieving their common goal of peace.
The film one has chosen to review and analyse is George Clooney's “Goodnight and Good Luck”. It is set in America in the 1950's, a full decade after World War II ended, a period of economic growth and recovery after the Great Depression. It was a time of revolution in terms of social, economic and cultural advancement. Having said that, it was also a period of political turmoil, paranoia and intimidation under Senator Joseph McCarthy. This movie explores the way journalist Edward Murrow used his position to expose McCarthy and his abuse of power.
he Power of a Name: A Response to Wife Beater The article entitled The Wife Beater was written by Gayle Rosenwald Smith and published in the Philadelphia Inquirer on July second, 2001. Within the article, the argument that the author puts forth has many of the characteristics of an argument of definition, defining the term “Wife Beater” as both a man who is physically abusive toward his wife and a popular white ribbed undergarment. The author goes on to explain that the undergarment rose to cultural significance in the 1950’s in the motion picture A Streetcar Named Desire and has occupied a space in the American consciousness ever since. Wife Beaters are a hot commodity with both men and women, and have received special treatment by fashion icons such as Dolce and Gabbana to be acceptable clothing under formal and business wear in professional environments. In all regards they are an accepted and revered piece of clothing with a long history of popularity, yet why do they share a name with a hated and reprehensible section of society?
McCormick in his chapter of the book Weimar Cinema: An Essential Guide to Classic Films of the Era called “Coming Out of the Uniform: Political and Sexual Emancipation in Leontine Sagan 's Mädchen In Uniform (1931)”. McCormick says that, “Mädchen in Uniform is a film that is implicated within a number of progressive and emancipatory discourses of the late Weimar Republic: the movement for homosexual rights… [and] queer subcultures… (272)” The movie questioned the way that women’s sexuality was viewed and denied that the only future for a woman was with a husband and children. The author goes on to state how the film, which became popular in the 1970s, became a very loved piece of art for women that identified as lesbian since the film was considered a “‘coming-out’ film that affirmed lo between women (273).” The ability for a film from the 1930s and its content to be relatable to women in regards to feelings toward sexuality and how it is handled past that decade, and even century, goes to show how timeless and real the subject matter was for these women. Though the film does not end by explicitly stating the Manuela ends up with her governess in a romantic relationship, the end does show the audience that love wins since the girls and Bernburg are able to overcome the traditional headmistress and her strict
On November 11, 1918, World War I was officially over. The decade after the war, the 1920’s were a time in American history that was well-known for its prosperity, decadence, social and political change. The decade was nicknamed the “Roaring Twenties”, and for good reason too. In F. Scott Fitzgerald’s fictional novel The Great Gatsby, the author romanticised life in the 1920’s, when in actuality, WWI veterans returned from the battlefield and were suffering from mental and physical problems, women were becoming increasingly involved in society, and the fear of communism quickly made its way into American lives. Before the decade of the 1920’s officially began, World War I, originally called the “Great War”, had just ended.
It was not so long ago that this was the reality for women. If you 're 45 or older, you were born into this world. When President John F. Kennedy established the Commission on the Status of Women in 1961, he appointed Eleanor Roosevelt as chairwoman. In a televised 1962 discussion with Roosevelt, Kennedy stated, "We want to be sure that women are used as effectively as they can to provide a better life for our people, in addition to meeting their primary responsibility, which is in the home." This was a mixed message, effectively telling women, "Go!
Number five, there were low gasoline prices in the 1960s. However, in the 1970s prices went up and technology advanced. Number six, the idea of freedom laided helped speed up a powerful women’s right movement. Now the cons that followed, during this era were. Number one, The Vietnam War touched new altitudes of force and destruction.
In The Pill at 50: Sex, Freedom and Paradox, Nancy Gibbs talks about the introduction of a new contraceptive in the 1960s. The purpose of this article is to explain who it affected and how it affected them; specifically, the continuation of this argument to present day. On one side of the argument, the supporters hope the Pill will strengthen marriage due to an decrease in marriages based off unplanned pregnancies. On the contrary, critics argue the Pill promotes sensuality and adultery while damaging families. Both these arguments are plausible, and Gibbs explores both sides and the history behind the Pill.
The late 1970’s epitomized a time of national trouble that stemmed from the Vietnam War, the American-Iranian Hostage crisis and domestic economic strife, undermined long-held American cultural principles embodied in heroines such as “superman” as a representation of masculinity, America as the “good guys” and the American Dream. As a result, these Idealistic dreams of were torn out of American hearts and replaced by more practical, logical “modern” principles reflected in the 1980’s which embraced the modern principles of materialism, consumerism, blockbuster movies and cable TV as an essential part of contemporary American culture. This era of change with heroines being replaced by their logical, “modern” counterparts, anti-heroes as relatable
I learned that during the latter half of the 20th century, the United States was very involved with fighting communism, not only throughout the world, but in the Western Hemisphere as well, where it was deemed a threat to the American way of life. Rightist regimes were installed in various countries with aid from the U.S. government in order to remove this threat. Although Arditti states that the military coup and rightist regime are due to the succession of Juan Peron by his second wife, Isabell, the possibility for U.S. involvement should not be dismissed (Arditti, 1999). Furthermore, the anti-Semitism described by Arditti in these instances is present in the United States as well. Arditti mentions that many Nazis moved to Argentina after WWII, due to the large German community present there (Arditti, 1999).