Physical violence Physical violence occurs when someone uses a part of their body or an object to control a persons action. Physical violence includes, Using physical force which results in pain, discomfort or injury, hitting, pinching, hair-pulling, arm-twisting, strangling, burning, stabbing, punching, pushing, slapping, beating, shoving, kicking, choking, biting, force-feeding, or any other rough treatment, assault with a weapon or other object, threats with a weapon or object, deliberate exposure to severe weather or inappropriate room temperatures and murder. 2. Sexual violence Sexual violence occurs when a person is forced to unwillingly take part in sexual activity. Sexual violence includes, touching in a sexual manner without consent (i.e., kissing, grabbing, fondling),forced sexual intercourse, forcing a person to perform sexual acts that may be degrading or painful, forcing a person to view pornographic material, forcing participation in pornographic filming, making unwelcome sexual comments or jokes, leering behavior and forced prostitution.
The National Coalition Against Domestic Violence defines domestic violence as, “the willful intimidation, physical assault, battery, sexual assault, and/or other abusive behavior perpetrated by an intimate partner against another.”(NCADV 2015) Although there have been plenty of studies on domestic violence from a literary standpoint, domestic violence affects people in every community, despite of their age, race, religion, economic status, even their educational background. Domestic violence, which is often accompanied by emotional abuse and/or controlling behavior, is part of an organized pattern to have control and dominance over the victim. Consequences associated with domestic violence can vary from physical injury, psychological trauma,
Emancipation does not decrease but increases violence against women, because men react with violence to challenges of their authority by female claims for autonomy. Violence against women is institutionalized through family structures, social and economic arrangements and traditions so that in many cases not even women see violence against women as wrong which in term leads to impunity. A widespread form of violence against women is domestic violence: Social, cultural and economic power differences, as well as differences in physical strength, put women at risk. Historically, religion and juridical systems contributed to domestic violence: For centuries, Catholic scholars demanded female subordination and provided theological legitimization for male violence and domination while laws throughout Europe approved of domestic violence against women. While women are more frequently victims of severe physical violence, men get victimized in romantic relationships, too.
The above scenarios are just a few examples of a worsening state of violence against women. Research also states that the common perpetrator of violence against women is their intimate partner; either husband or cohabited partner. “Violence against women is prevalent in society in the world. It is an expression of historically and culturally specific values and standard, which are executed today ‘through many social and political institutions that foster women’s subservience and discrimination against women and girls.” (UN, 1993) In Asia, violence against women is increasing quickly that takes a big effect not only on individual, family and home but also to the economy and productivity in region, officials and experts. In Vietnam, there were 30 percent of women reported physical, sexual or psychological harm.
Domestic violence is practiced across every cultures be it developed, underdeveloped or developing countries, in poor class or high class, women and children face this violence everywhere. Its seed lies inherently in the practice of patriarchy. Domestic violence is termed as domestic because the violence perpetrated is always by a family member or an intimate partner. Not very long time ago domestic violence was still considered a matter of “home” that there were no legal sanctions against it. The state being patriarchal in character refused to recognize the fundamental human rights of women and children.
All of this brings to life the women 's sense of fear and insecurity and an obstacle to the realization of their aspirations for equality. There are some types of violenceation against women which are mostly spread in Kyrgyzstan: Physical violence, sexual violence, cultural violence, verbal abuse, psychological violence. Physical, sexual and psychological violence occurring in the family, including battering, sexual abuse of female children in the family, violence related to dowry, marital rape, female genital mutilation female genital mutilation and other traditional practices harmful to women. In general the term "violence against women" means any perfect gender-based act of violence that results in, or is likely to harm the physical, sexual or psychological health or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life. Other acts of violence against women include violation of the rights of women in situations of armed conflict, in particular murder, systematic rape, sexual slavery and forced pregnancy
Title: Injury in the dark: Curbing domestic violence against women in rural china I. Introduction Background Information (General statement of the problem): Domestic violence against women, which is “the most common type of violence against women worldwide”, refers to “the physical, emotional and/or sexual abuse of women by their intimate partners or ex-partners”(D.V.A.,2001). Thesis Statement: As domestic violence appears particularly prominent in rural china (Guo et al., 2003) , this article explores primary causes and feasible solutions of this phenomenon. Main Ideas by Section/Key Paragraphs Problem (1) Seriousness of the problem Topic Sentence (define the problem clearly) Domestic violence, which gains growing attention in both
Literature Review “Domestic violence is any act of physical, mental or sexual violence, and any attempted such violence, as well as the forcible restriction of individual freedom and of privacy, carried out against individuals who have or have had family or kinship ties or cohabit or dwell in the same home.” (Law on Protection against Domestic Violence (2005) of Bulgaria, Chapter 1, S. 2) The Domestic violence Act of South Africa defines Domestic Violence as, “any act or threat of physical abuse; sexual abuse; emotional, verbal and psychological abuse; economic abuse; intimidation; harassment; stalking; damage to property; entry into the residence of a person sharing or having shared a domestic relationship with the perpetrator without that
All over the world, women are still victims of domestic violence. Domestic violence is a public and social problem which leads to physical, emotional and psychological repercussions. The expression, “violence” can be described as any sexual, physical and emotional abuse against women by their family members. Domestic violence against women is a widespread issue all over of the world, however this human rights issue is least acknowledged by the society. Many families in the Pakistani society are, “conservative”, hence domestic violence is considered to be a personal affair in households.
History of domestic violence: a. In early roman society b. In the England community c. In early America society II. different types of family violence: a. physical violence b. emotional violence c. sexual abuse III. ways to prevent domestic violence: