Domestic Violence Literature Review

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II. Literature Review II.1. Employment and Domestic Violence II.1.1. Empirical Findings The employment of a woman is believed to link to domestic violence through different aspects of psychology such as self-esteem, stress, and access to social resources such as affective support and mutual respect (Gage, 2005). An example on how employment may affect a woman’s self-esteem is given in a study by Bates et al. (2004). Their survey of women in Bangladesh shows that a majority of women in the sample agrees with the following statement: “If a woman earns, then she has to be treated as an equal to her husband, because both are earning members of the family. In that case, the husband cannot beat her” ( page 194). Anderberg et al. (2013) cites the statement of Attorney General for England and Wales as an example how employment can link to domestic violence through stress: “When families go through difficulties, if someone loses their job, or they have financial problems, it can escalate stress, and lead to alcohol or drug abuse. Quite often violence can flow from that.” ( page…show more content…
(1991) and Aizer (2010). Unlike another similar utility model in Bowluz and Seitz (2006), I do not consider the time aspect in my model because of two main reasons: First, the data used in this thesis is cross sectional data. This means that the empirical results would present a short-term impact of a woman’s employment on domestic violence; second, even though husbands and wives may have forward looking behaviors, domestic violence does not take much time to commit, namely, a husband does not plan when to beat his wife (Tauchen et al, 1991). The assumptions to build the utility functions of a man and a woman are from Tauchen et al. (1991) and Aizer (2010). However, in finding the equilibrium of the model, I do not follow their Bargaining Game approaches, but use a maximizing utility

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