When trying to persuade an audience, one must use numerous writing tactics in order to do so properly. One author that does well with this is Dana Gioia. Dana Gioia does well with building an argument in order to persuade his audience. Initially, Dana Gioia does well with making a paramount argument by strengthening his side by adding an emotional appeal to provide connection between his audience and his argument. This is represented in paragraph three when he states, “That individuals at a time of crucial intellectual and emotional development bypass the joys and challenges, of literature is a troubling trend.” The way that he words the end of this quote, “a troubling trend,” provides the readers with negative feelings like panicked and downtrodden.
Second, this paper will examine Hayward 's discussion of RCT, SCP, and cultural criminology. Third, I will explore Farrell 's critique of Hayward 's article and consider his arguments made in response to Hayward 's conclusions. Fourth, this paper will engage in its own critique of both Hayward 's and Farrell 's work and conclude with which article makes the most compelling argument. Tenets of Rational Choice Theory and Situational Crime Prevention Rational choice theory originated in the Classical School of thinking as it is based on the ideas of utilitarianism, which states that individuals make decisions that provide the greatest pleasure, as well as the ideas of free will and rational thought (Farrell and Hodgkinson, 2015). According to Farrell and
The use of a formal tone with his audience, shows the significance of the situation. To help him urge the soldiers to keep fighting, he appeals to the soldier’s pathos, or the characteristic that affects emotions, he uses strong rhetorical techniques and figurative language. With passion, Paine writes to convince the colonists in a comprehensible manner. Intelligently, he uses the media in his advantage, to put his assessments out to
I repeat it, sir, we must fight! An appeal to arms and to the God of Hosts is all that is left us!” What patrick wanted to describe in his speech was repetition. Patrick henry wanted the delegates to fight against the rule of Britain with enough emotion and constantly repeating the words he was trying to persuade them, but one of his major points to convince the colonist with the tone and speech of repetition. Patrick henry used repetition and pathos to emphasize a point with emotional expression, convincing the delegates wasn't easy. With further elaboration patrick henry made a point, he tried to made his point as vivid as possible and with a great tone He accomplished his opinion.
The use of the paradox in The Great Influenza by John M. Barry reveals seemingly contradictory statements true. In the second paragraph Barry believes that one must "embrace – uncertainty" (Barry). He uses this literacy device to highlight uncertainty as a welcomed sensation to be accepted, rather than denied. Along with presenting truthful statements, Barry makes every word, phrase, and sentence that he writes ultimately more powerful and read at different understanding levels by raising the bar and introducing contradicting information. Barry characterizes scientific research as contradicting.
In Cassius’s eloquent speech against Caesar, he primarily utilizes persuasion through tools such as pathos, rhetorical questions, and compare and contrast. Cassius uses pathos to begin his monologue when he claims, “I know that virtue be in you, Brutus, / As well as I do know your outward favor” (Shakespeare 1.2.95-96). By expressing that Brutus has “virtue” and “outward favor”, Cassius appeals to Brutus’s emotions, but not to an exaggerated extent. This emotional appeal is a persuasion technique because it is used in moderation and in pertinent locations. The context is appropriate since rather than using it as a tool to feed on Brutus’s emotions, Cassius only uses it to get Brutus’s attention as an appropriate hook.
Lakoff and Johnson argue that our life experience is based in metaphor and lists several examples in their piece Metaphors We Live By. Building on their examples, one can apply that the phrase LOVE IS WAR can also fit in with their list of examples. Disregarding fairness, these concepts appear to be polar opposites of each other at first glance. However, a deeper examination shows that we can use components of each subject to highlight parts of the other. LOVE IS WAR can be broken down into its subcategories: LOVE IS A BATTLEFIELD, LOVE IS A STRUGGLE, and LOVE IS A FIGHT.
In the eyes of Aristotle, there are three modes of persuasion in order to successfully persuade the reader. These three modes are ethos, which deals with the character of the author, pathos, which deals with the emotional influence of the author on the speaker, and logos, which deals with the the author’s appeal to logical reasoning. Paul Bogard utilizes ethos, pathos, and logos in order to effectively build an argument persuading the audience against the world’s growing reliance on artificial light in his article “Let There be Dark.” Bogard is able to establish his credibility and put himself in the audience's good graces through a short personal anecdote. Next, he puts the audience in a good emotional state with his appealing word connotation.
In Patrick Henry’s “Speech in the Virginia Convention,” Henry uses persuasive techniques such as repetition and rhetorical questions to interrogate the motives of the British and to reason why the colonies should declare their independence despite the consequences. In Henry’s speech, he uses repetition to address that war is inevitable to show how they must fight in order to achieve their goals as a nation and to prove that the colonists will not be alone over the course of the battle. In Henry’s speech he includes, “The war is inevitable—and let it come! I repeat it, sir, let it come!” By this quote, Henry is saying that the colonists have already gone so far and worked so hard to give up now. Also, he is saying that if they give up, they
Robin Sharma once said, “Words can inspire. And words can destroy. Choose yours well.” The power and strength of words is easily underestimated, but can be seen in William Shakespeare’s “Julius Caesar” through the characters, Brutus and Mark Antony. These men use their speech to persuade the audience to follow their personal beliefs. Both individuals use different tactics to appeal to the readers such as through emotion or logic.