Similarly, system thinking “needs the discipline of building shared vision, mental models, team learning, and personal mastery to realize its potential”. (Senge, 1994). Systems thinking provide “a conceptual framework, a body of knowledge and tools that has been developed ……to make the full patterns clear, and to help us see how to change them effectively” (Senge, 1994) Four dimension of Learning Activities Four Dimension of learning activities model by Wei H.C. The learning activities in an organization introduced by Wei H.C. were divided into four dimensions. The four dimensions include Organization Learning, Organization Leadership, Organization Culture and Organization Structure.
People learn best through a variety of techniques. McDonald’s training combines a variety of ways to acquire information, including demonstration, simulation, and hands-on practice. 2. People need reinforcement to encourage learning. Reward and recognition is an integral part of the curricula because it allows team members to develop skills to give and receive feedback.
The Kirkpatrick model has performed as the primary organizing design for training evaluations in organizations for decades. This enormous popularity of the Kirkpatrick model can be due to several reasons. First, the model deal with the need of training professionals to understand training evaluation in a systematic way (Sheldon & Alliger, 1993). It has also given uncomplicated system for talking about training outcomes and the and information that can be shared to assess the extent to which training programs have attain certain goals. Second, Kirkpatrick demanded that information about level four outcome is possibly the most beneficial information about training that can be gathered.
Since the concept of locus of control has been proposed by Rotter (1996), it has aroused much enthusiasm in the academic circles and been intensively researched in the context of personality psychology as well as economics. In the psychology discipline, it has been endorsed by a variety of studies that differences in individuals’ control beliefs contribute to explaining the heterogeneity in life outcomes such as education achievement, life satisfaction, social experiences, healthiness, and happiness. Economists concentrate most attention on the influence of locus of control on economic behaviors and outcomes. Wages, employment, occupational status, career success, job search behaviors, and tenure are frequently investigated (see for instance
3. Implicational context of CIPP evaluation model According to Zhang et al., (2011), the CIPP evaluation model is one of the most extensively employed evaluation models. The American Society for Training and Development organization conducted a survey and interestingly, they found that among many evaluation models, CIPP model was favorable (Galvin, 1983). In many researches, CIPP model is acknowledged to be well-founded and precise in assessing a curriculum. The CIPP model comprises “a comprehensive framework for conducting formative and summative evaluations of projects, personnel, products, organizations, and evaluation systems” (Stufflebeam and Shinkfield (2007), p.325).
Through these considerations it was possible to identify four styles of project management leadership based on parameters four to six (Table 1) (Turner & Muller, 2005:51). Table 1: Four styles of project manager (Keegan & Den Hartog, 2004:612) The contingency School These theories adapt that what makes an effective leader depends on the situation. The pattern it follows consists of: first assessing characteristics of the leader, second assessing the situation concerning key variables and lastly seeking a match between leader and situation. Path-goal theory has deemed popular in contingency school and was created by Fiedler, according to Vlok (2012). This entails the leader assisting the team to discover the course to their goals while helping them in the process.
Although the LEO building can saving more than 50% of energy and promise giving payback the extra investment less than a decade, but the building owner need pay more 10% of construction cost compare to traditional office buildings in the beginning. Because of the green building is that is non-traditional, finding a lender to offer the loans for building maybe become more difficult. In addition some of them are the opponent who disagree the green building and some disagreement of partner lead more difficult to find the lender to build the green building. Another reason of cost a lot is because the materials. Green buildings are require using the eco-friendly materials to construct.
Education for all is a global goal which emphasizes on providing universal access to primary education. Consequently, international attention tends to focus more on primary education rather than the higher modes of education, even though tertiary level plays an increasingly important role in human, social and economic development (Sutton, 1998; Escrigas, 2008). Bangladesh has made tremendous progress in ensuring primary education for its people. Research shows that net enrollment in primary education in Bangladesh is 97.9% (Ministry of Primary and Mass Education, 2015), which almost nearing the SDG-4 target of 100%. Higher level education, however, remains out of reach for a large portion of the population.
Teachers have multi dimensional role in the process of education i.e. in assisting administration, guiding and counseling students both in their effective learning as well as their future role in society as a responsible citizen. Successful or good teaching is the teaching which does bring about the desired learning. The challenge of education thus stresses the need for orientation in skills and methodology for teachers in colleges and universities. Branford, Brown and Cocking (1999) also described the state of an effective and high-quality teacher when they noted: The requirement of super level teaching is that the teachers have a deep understanding of the its subject matter content and its structure, with all of this an equally complete understanding of the method of teaching activities that help students understand the subject matter which is taught by the teacher.