By the second half of the 19th century, doping and steroid abuse had become a serious problem. In 1967 two athletes, Tom Simpson a British cyclist and runner Dick Howard lost their lives due to amphetamine and heroin abuse respectively. Doping became an illegal action and any athlete caught or proved to be doped was banned from competing. Many athletes were first awarded but then their awards were taken back and they were banned from the sport. In the 21st century numerous athletes were accused of doping like the sprinters T. Montgomery, D. Chambers, M. Jones and many unknown.
P.T Barnum essentially founded animal cruelty within the industry. Mr Barnum used horrific methods of burning, using a hot poker, to handle animals, whilst also being responsible for the myth that elephants could not feel pain through their thick skin. When Barnum first created the circus he imported nine elephants from Sri Lanka in a cramped ship hold and kept inside for four months, with no air and insufficient space to take a single step. Subsequently this cause one elephant to die by the time the ship had arrived in America. Barnum was then fined more than £200,000 for animal rights violation, and his circus has been fined as recently as 2011.
From the very start doping/taking drugs in professional sports has been considered illegal and this rule has been heavily enforced by different organizations, authorities, officials, etc, such as WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency). The most popular sport in the world is football/soccer. However the sport in which doping has occurred the most in is cycling, followed by weightlifting and then boxing. Cycling comes in with positive test results of doping for 3.6 percent of the cyclists. Although there are heavily enforced rules about doping in sports, some athletes continue to take these substances.
¨Richard Callicott, former Chief Executive of UK Sport, stated in a Nov. 1, 2003 article titled¨ "Yes or No? Question of the Week: Drugs in Sport," published in The Times (London):"As the national anti-doping agency we will never accept this. Performance-enhancing drugs are not only prohibited because they violate the spirit of sport but because they can damage the health of athletes. In 1976, the East German swimming team won 11 out of 13 Olympic events, and later sued the government for giving them anabolic steroids.In 1992, Vicky Rabinowicz interviewed small groups of athletes. She found that Olympic athletes, in general, believed that most successful athletes were using banned substances.¨ There will be no reason to play the sport anymore if people cheat.thomas ¨H.
The main reasons they should be changed are because the game is resulting in injuries and deaths, negative long-term health consequences for players, and children not being allowed by their parents to play due to the dangers of the game. Currently, in the United States, there are approximately 1.5 million young people participating in organized football leagues. These people are playing one of the most dangerous sports and have a high probability of becoming injured as a result of the game. To discover the chance of becoming injured directly from football a study occurred at 100 Texas high schools. This study tested only high school football players.
The Tylenol that ended up killing the seven had been laced with cyanide, but the extent of the damage and whether it was internal or external was not known for several weeks. However, upon investigating it was found to have been an external sabotage. In terms of Johnson and Johnson handling the situation, they first pulled all Tylenol for the shelves in the Chicago area before recalling the product nationwide, costing the company over 100 million dollars. Second, Johnson and Johnson found that it was necessary to let doctors, hospitals, and distributors know by explaining the situation and the recall via mailgram messages. Third, the company had created a toll-free phone line for consumers where the consumer was
There have been many NFL players that have had serious issues due to concussions. Postmortem X-rays Hernandez suffered the worst case of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) ever in a 27 year old, this likely affected his memory and control over his actions (“Aaron Hernandez’s”). While in prison Hernandez committed suicide using his bedsheets. Once a person dies, they can have an autopsy scan. Autopsy scans can take from sixty minutes to five hours (concussion [page 12]).
Throughout history you see and hear about the constant impact that racism had on people, their families and their futures, but many people don’t realise the impact in which racism had on sports. Back in the 1900’s, athletes weren’t only fighting for their right to participate in various sports, they were also fighting for their freedom. (Eke, 2016) In April of 1933, Adolf Hitler put in place an Aryans only policy which was instituted in all German sporting organisations. Non-Aryan Jews or individuals with Jewish parents were systematically excluded from all German athletic facilities and associations. Professional light heavyweight champion Erich Seelig was removed from the German Boxing Association because of his Jewish heritage.
A controversial Dec. 10 injury involving Houston quarterback Tom Savage and a misstep in the concussion protocol for Seattle Seahawks quarterback Russell Wilson in Week 10, which resulted in a $100,000 fine for the franchise were among the controversies that motivated the late season changes (“NFL changes”). Among other changes, an impact seizure will be treated as a loss of consciousness and force a -player to be removed from the game. The late season change that was made is “A player who stumbles or falls to the ground trying to stand, unrelated to an orthopedic injury, will be sent directly to the locker room for examination. If a player passes the exam, he could be allowed to return to the game” (“NFL changes”). NFL teams will be have to pay fines of up to hundreds of thousands of dollars and possibly the loss of draft picks if they fail to take players out of games after sustaining a concussion, according to new rules announced by the league and the N.F.L.
The facts about ecstasy use are shocking according to the DEA 100s of millions of ecstasy pills are taken every year and nearly 2 million new users are recruited every year. Ecstasy has become a nightmare for the government 's drug controllers. Ecstasy came into the world first known as (3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine) MDMA for short. Alexander slogan rescued MDMA from obscurity, and quit his job as a chemist to devote himself to the study of psychoactive drugs. MDMA was used to open up ways of how our mind works and he tested it on himself when it was first synthesized.