The themes of Loyalty and Betrayal are apparent throughout 1984 by George Orwell. These two themes have a profound affect on Winston, the main character. It becomes rather apparent to the reader almost immediately that betrayal is a fear of his and loyalty is his desire. The author introduces these facts in the novel almost right away. The themes of Loyalty and Betrayal affect Winston throughout the novel by forcing him to alter his actions; he must hide his fear from the children spies, he gets betrayed by O'Brien, and he decides to trust Julia and be loyal to her.
Would Earth become a more efficient place to live under the authority of someone like Big Brother? In the novel 1984 by George Orwell, the city of London is taken over by Big Brother and renamed to Oceania; citizens living under the authority of Big Brother live in constant fear as they are constantly controlled and ministered while forced to respect the Party. By analyzing the novel using a symbol, a motif, a theme, a conflict and reading the novel through psychoanalytic lens, citizens clearly suffer from the influence of the Party. Winston Smith despises the Party and desires the citizens of Oceania to obtain more privacy and freedom from Big Brother. Winston and Julia are in a light argument about the Party; Julia argues that the Party
Many readers will easily recognize the expression "Big Brother Is Watching You." It is a reference from Orwell 's novel 1984 in which the country of Oceania tries their best to destroy the past and remake the future. Oceania tries many things to keep their people quiet and repressed so they cannot question the government 's authority. One example of how the government represses their people can be explained by the slogan Ignorance is Strength. "Ignorance is Strength" has played a significant role is George Orwell 's 1984.
Joseph Goebbels once said,”Propaganda works best when those who are being manipulated are confident they are acting on their freewill”. This statement is proven to be true in 1984. The author, George Orwell, creates a fictional dystopian society in which the population is manipulated into thinking they live in a great world, whereas the government has full control over them. In 1984, George Orwell’s prime message, supported by the article called Liberty in North Korea by Hae Re, was the lack of individualism gives power to the applicable leader, which is conveyed using the characters speech and symbolism. Orwell’s dystopian society showed the author 's message through what a character was saying and symbolism.
In George Orwell’s book, 1984, he places a great emphasis on the concept of Newspeak, which is, an altered form of the English language designed and controlled by the Party in order to suppress individualism. Newspeak diminishes the span of thoughts which leads to their memory being shortened. Orwell believed that a totalitarian regime and the corruption of language were connected. He focused especially on political language where you distorted events and concepts by calling them something else. You said things in such a way that you avoided producing an inner picture of them.
The diary represents a catharsis, as Winston used it as a form of relief from repressed emotions that Big Brother’s totalitarian regime caused him to feel but conceal. Furthermore “Like Huxley, Orwell imagines a totalitarian society which wants to eradicate the concept of the individual but with the key difference that the way in which the citizens are controlled is more mundane, more psychological and more believable. ' ' (Written by Robert Stevenson Brown (Emagazine) but it is argued that the "fascist and communist dictatorships, the nightmare vision of 1984 is slowly fading away.In its place, Aldous Huxley 's Brave
George’s brain handicap symbolizes a legitimate restriction that the government has placed on his body. By placing a handicap on his brain the government is attempting to make George more like everyone else. George is not able to have unique or creative thoughts without be halted by society. Even if George was to question the Government or why he had handicaps, his brain would be shocked and he would forget about the thought.
One of the most important things Winston had learned, in O’Brien’s eyes, was that he began to change his mind towards the ideals of Big Brother. In George Orwell’s 1984, Winston is a man who is attempting to hold on to his humanity. He is found guilty of thoughtcrime by O’Brien, who is a member of the inner party. Big Brother believes this to be a crime against all humanity and that time is not a continuum. He wants this so people don’t think about their future, so that they will obey whatever Big Brother says.
“Power is in tearing human minds to pieces and putting them together again in new shapes of your own choosing” (George Orwell 234). These three slogans in 1984 all center around power: “war is peace”, “Freedom is slavery”, “Ignorance is strength”. The government of Oceania’s goal is to keep the truth hidden from their people. It’s all about what the government wants their people to know and what the citizens are supposed to think. The government wants control but not too much control to the point where people start asking questions and revolting.
The Party is restricting the ability of the people to pursue happiness because they know happiness may be found outside the Party and the Party wants to ensure that they keep control of the people and keep them dedicated to Big Brother. The Party tries to justify these restrictions on freedom as trying to ensure equality, but equality is unattainable and the freedom to fail is an integral part of true freedom; not everyone will be successful, but it is their responsibility to make their own success. Outside of the novel, the issue of privacy versus security is also a major debate around the world today; 1984 provides an example of what could happen at one extreme of the scale, and although fictitious, can still provide relevant insight for modern
Patrick Henry was one of those famous powerful figures, patriots, who provided support for the antifederalists. Anti Federalists were in debt and they feared a strong central government who would make them pay-off their debts. They thought that it gave too much power to the national government at the expense of the state governments, and there was no bill of rights, thus, they opposed the ratification of the constitution. As shown on Document G, even in a political system, with checks and balances, a certain branch can be too powerful, which can lead to tyranny of the common people. This document was directed towards the Federalist by the antifederalist to explain a possible problem of the checks and balances system, after the drafting of the constitution and awaiting approval.
In George orwell’s book, 1984 shows a manipulative government that tries to dehumanize its people. Its dehumanizing effects are seen by the control and limitations of the people 's emotions and pleasures. Yet, how can they be stripped of their humanity if the people still feel remorse, love, and as they grow older their subconscious sees how truly imperfect the government is and they try to keep everything functioning by keeping some rules intact and that 's what being human is really about being perfect in the most imperfect way. The way that the history comes into place in this novel and how the character see it shows that rebellion is part of the human nature. Winston is so intrigued by it all and he wants to know more and knowledge
Finally a totalitarian government will lie to their citizens so that they are always correct. In the novel of "1984" the party would constantly lie to the citizens about who they were fighting or about what rations that they were going to receive and would then correct any form of evidence saying anything else. This was used by our own country many times like when the government lied about the amount of soldiers we had during the war against Iraq (Richard Sisk, " Number of US Troops in Iraq More Than 4,000, Exceeds Previous Claims", 2016, p.1). This shows the use of restrictions and censorship in a totalitarian government to control their
Like Weapons Training, 1984 has similarly explored the power of speech with a paradox and oxymoron in a slogan, ‘WAR IS PEACE. FREEDOM IS SLAVER. IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH’, that has been capitalised and appears as a motif consistently throughout the text. The government uses this as their principles because their knowledge knows that it will successfully maintaining peace within their country, especially avoiding rebellious acts like Winston. Orwell exemplifies another essential motif in the text that creates a menace atmosphere, ‘BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU’ once again, has been capitalised written on the poster’s monitors, a repetition that forms psychological manipulation on its people.
The people in George Orwell’s 1984 are dehumanized using many ways by the inner party. They have a hard life because they don’t know simple everyday things that we take for granted. When we show emotions and do what and think what we want it is something that the people of Oceania don’t have. They don’t have freedom from the government. The Outer Party controls everything using many methods.