Henry Ford once said, “Coming together is a beginning; keeping together is progress. Working together is success” (Brainy Quote). From here, the concept of inclusive education, including students with and without learning disabilities as peers in the same classroom, originated. The aim of this type of education is to get students with learning disabilities involved in the society. Teachers and fellow students will also provide help for students with disabilities; in this way, students with learning disabilities will be motivated to study as they feel that they are a part of a group instead of being isolated in special places.
Groups also are the perfect environment to practice social skills building and allow children to build a social network. Another benefit of group counseling is that children learn to cope with their disabilities and the limitation that accompany it. There has also been a push within the school to integrate students with disabilities into the general population, hence it’s necessary to help them become adjusted to their environment. Adolescence is a critical time within children social lives, according to Givon and Court (2003). It is suggested that the earlier intervention will become well- adjusted and socially competent individuals.
Because child development is viewed from an environmental as well as a biological perspective Erikson’s theory highlights the importance of family in the care of the pre-school child. Freud and Erikson both studied psychosexual and psychosocial development. Jean Piaget brought new insight into the area of cognitive development. He described intellectual development as a sequence of four principal stages, each made up of several sub-stages. Piaget claimed that all children move through these stages in the same order, but each moves at his or her own pace.
This is referred to as the "theory of the mind" or "metalizing." The theory assumes that this capacity, far from being the product of complex logical inference, rests on a dedicated neurocognitive mechanism. There is absence of important triggers for the metallizing mechanism for people with autism to behave normally. The ability to metalize is seen in the young child from around 18 months. There are many Experimental studies of mind-blindness and metalizing failure in autism.
Meiosis, on the other hand, is used for just one purpose in the human body: the production of gametes—sex cells, or sperm and eggs. It makes daughter cells with exactly half as many chromosomes. Meiosis in humans is a division process that makes a diploid cell (one with two sets of chromosomes) to haploid cells (ones with a single set of chromosomes). PHASES OF MEIOSIS In meiosis, the cell needs to separate sister chromatids. But it must also separate homologous chromosomes, the similar but non-identical chromosome pairs an organism receives from its two parents.
Inclusive education can teach the normal students to become more sensitive and empathetic towards those who are different from them. They also will learn tolerance and develop some social skills such as leadership, interpersonal as well as communication skills. According to Salend (2011), inclusion assists the students with no disabilities to realize individual differences and needs, as well as start to understand and accept disability in real life. Thus, children of all ages, regardless of their differences should learn and being raised in an environment that represents the real environment that they will ultimately work in (Etscheld, 2004). Other than that, inclusive classroom will familiarize the students with no disabilities with their peers who have disabilities which in turn will help them to eliminate the fear and uneasiness that they often experience whenever they stay close to their disabled peers.
Reverse integration is a program that includes typically developing learners in a self-contained special education class (Perles,2012). It is a program also known as reverse inclusion was designed to foster positive support and interaction among typically-abled and disabled learners. Typically, this practice are being used to pre-school and kindergarten age in order to develop positive social culture among learners. Furthermore, the reverse integration is a program of interaction targeting academic and social goals for each learner (Baker,2015). The social and academic benefits of inclusion of students with disabilities in regular classes have been well documented (Drasgow&Stoxen,2003).
I believe CYCs can help facilitate this transition. A CYC can help by identifying and providing a suitably in-depth assessment of individual children and adolescents, as well as, designing, implementing and evaluating interventions to assist students (and families if necessary) in dealing with specific school-related issues. In addition to this, we can help by developing programs in response to student request or assessed need with both "normal" and "special needs" students in order to promote the integration of special needs and normal
Through these approach, it is easier for children to express their emotion and feeling to the leader, encourage self-expression. Topics Session One – “Happy Kids”. In this session, the main goal is to build up relationship between members and leader. Thus, to build up a sense of group and cohesion to the members. And to know members how to express their happy feeling.