He began his early stages of life living with his maternal grandmother, Betty Bailey, but a relatively young age, he was forced to live on a plantation with plantation owners, one of which was thought to be his father. Even though there was an very strict ban on the teaching of slaves to read and write , Fredericks slave owner’s wife Sophia, taught him the entire
Levi Coffin along with Catherine, his wife, helped over 3,000 of the slaves that escaped. Levi and Catherine were Quakers. It is estimated that about 6,000 slaves were freed. In Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin, through contacts with The Underground Railroad in Cincinnati, Ohio she had gained firsthand knowledge.
It all began in 1856 when Amos Kendall became the guardian of some blind and deaf children who were not properly cared for. He set up a school and house for them, and then Edward Gallaudet took on from there as the school superintendent. The next year, Congress permitted the school to start. It was called The Columbia Institution for the Deaf and the Dumb and the Blind.
The Atlanta Exposition Address by Booker T. Washington (1856-1915), written as a strategy in order to combat racial tensions in the South. Washington was born into slavery, where he worked on a Virginia plantation until emancipation in 1865. He then moved to Virginia with his mother, and taught himself how to read and write. After many years of saving he enrolled in the Hampton Institute (later called Hampton University) in 1875 and Wayland Seminary from 1878-1879. He would later become a teacher at Hampton, and after recommendation from Hampton’s president, he was selected to lead Tuskegee University.
In 1854, a group of African Americans met in Cleveland, Ohio to discuss options for leaving America. The force behind the convention was Martin Delany (1820-1876), who many scholars call the foremost black nationalist of his day. Born into a free black family in Charleston, West Virginia, Delany moved to western Pennsylvania. There he learned the newspaper business, eventually becoming Frederick Douglass’s co-editor for a time. He also attended medical school at Harvard University, where white students rejected the presence of a black student, and forced him out.
Harriet Tubman spent most of her life trying to help slaves. She was a slave herself, she was born in Dorchester Country, Maryland in the year 1822. She started working at a very young age, by the age of 5 she was already doing child care and consequently by 12 she was doing field work and hauling logs, as she got older the job got harder. When she turned 26 Harriet decided to make a life-changing decision when her master died, she decided to abscond. She married a free black man.
Washington had on the education of blacks many blacks is something that is often lost in the many history books. Booker T. Washington was born Virginia, Washington on a farm on April 5, 1856, to Jane and Washington Ferguson. Booker T. Washington was an American educator, author, orator, advisor to two presidents of the United States and Civil Right Activist. Between 1890 and 1915, Washington was the prevailing leader in the African-American community and maybe one the most well-known African-Americans in the nineteenth century. As a young kid growing up on a Virginia farm, Washington had to attend school in the morning followed by an afternoon of hard work in a salt or coal mines in Malden when he was ten years old.
CHAPTER 2 BACKGROUND AND FORMATIVE INFLUENCES OF IDA SCUDDER Dr. Ida Scudder The Scudder family is the most renowned medical missionary family. They served for generations in India and elsewhere. In 1819 John Scudder left his growing practice in New York City and sailed for Ceylon, Sri Lanka with his wife and child. They served for thirty-six years in Ceylon and India, and during that time thirteen more children were born. Of the nine who survived to adulthood, seven became missionaries, most of them specializing in medicine like their father.
Farrow was the niece of Frederick Douglass, an African-American social reformer and abolitionist who pastored a small, holiness church in Houston, Texas. Farrow had been born into slavery in Norfolk, Virginia. Charles Parham was holding meetings in Houston and invited Farrow to be the governess for his children while the Parham family went to Kansas for two months in the summer. She asked William Seymour to lead the church while she was gone. When she returned to Houston, she had received the Baptism of the Holy Spirit and was speaking in tongues.
Samuel Truett Cathy was born on March 14, 1921 in Eatonton, GA to Lilla James and Joseph Benjamin Cathy. He was the 6th of 7 children with 4 older sisters, an older brother and a younger brother. Cathy attended Boys High School (known today as Henry W. Grady High school) in Atlanta, GA. Cathy married Jeanette Cathy and together they had 3 children; Trudy, Bubba, and Dan. During the time of World War II, Cathy had gone and served in the war.
Benjamin Rush was a founding father known best for his work as a physician, but that wasn’t all he was. He was also a chemist, writer, teacher/professor, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Benjamin Rush was much more than what people think he is. Benjamin Rush was born on December 24th, 1745, at Byberry, PA. In 1751, when his father, John Rush, died, him and his mother moved to Philadelphia where his mother ran a grocery store.
Following the death of Fredrick’s, slave owner, Captain Anthony, Douglass was sold to the ownership of Anthony’s son-in-law. Douglass was later hired out to a professional slave breaker, a man who would beat and mistreat slaves until they gave up and did whatever they were told. Weeks later, Douglass began to fight back, consequently the beatings stopped. He then became under the ownership of the Auld’s. The Auld’s took Douglass back home with them to Baltimore, where he began to work on the shipyards.
Harry Crews is one of the most well-known and influential southern writers of the twentieth century. He has written many novels, short stories, and biographies throughout his life of being a writer. His stories often pertain to the dramatic and exciting life of living in the south in small towns such as the one he grew up in as a child. Throughout Crews’s life, he was involved with a lot of violence and family problems such as divorce that led to anger. All of the problems that Crews had throughout his life allowed for his writing to be extremely detailed and exciting for the reader.