There he wrote "Letter from Birmingham City Jail," which advocates civil disobedience against unjust laws. After years of marches, protests, speeches, and conferences in 1968, Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated. In conclusion, Martin Luther king and Gandhi had more comparisons than contrasts, however they were both protesting for different injustice problems in their government using nun violence acts they both had the same believes about civil disobedience and they both end up in jail. Even though Gandhi end up in jail more times than Martin Luther
1963 could be considered the peak of the civil rights movement- with protests in Birmingham, the March on Washington, and the surfacing of Martin Luther King Jr.'s ground-breaking pieces "I Have A Dream" and "Letter from Birmingham Jail," the demand for civil rights had become a genuine American crisis. Dr. King wrote "Letter from Birmingham Jail" while he was in custody with the intention to share with fellow Americans his grievances and explain the absolute necessity for protests in Birmingham. Almost a century prior, in 1852, Frederick Douglass delivered his biting and passionate speech "The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro" on behalf of all the enslaved. Somewhat similar to Dr. King's letter, Douglass shares his own grievances regarding
King states that “an unjust law is no law at all” because he believed that laws were put in place in order to benefit and aid the citizens of the state. If a law was unjust, however, it then was contradictory and should not be considered a law” (MLK). Martin Luther King Jr. stated, in his letter, “A just law is a man-made code that squares with the moral law, or the law of God. An unjust law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law.” King also says an unjust law is one that is forced upon a minority by a
When the Civil Rights Movement circulated into southern United States in the 1960s, many white southerners felt threatened by the social change of dismantling Jim Crow—state and local laws imposing racial segregation. The 1960s Birmingham, Alabama was one of America’s most racially discriminatory and segregated cities in the nation, in which the slight notion of racial integration of any form was met with violent resistance. In the midst of racial havoc, a unanimous decision was made to brand Birmingham as the focal point to aid the civil rights movement because the city was fueled on hatred and impulsive public officials including George Wallace (Alabama Governor), Eugene Connors (Director of Public Safety), and deputy sheriff (James Hancock).
This state, known for its rigidly enforced Jim Crow laws and KKK, who had previously bombed 18 places in Alabama. Protests in Birmingham, known as ‘Project C’, were lead by Martin Luther King jnr and were aimed at being peaceful; to undermine the city's rigid segregation system. Sit ins , economic boycotts and meetings (inspired by the boycott in Montgomery) were held while trying to gain equality in Birmingham, however the pivotal moment occurred on 7th April when the Public safety commissioner Eugene Bull Connor reacted to non violent marchers by releasing dogs onto demonstrators and fire hosing them. Images and videos of this event featured globally in the media, consequently provoking outrage due to the sights of unarmed demonstrators who were non-aggressive being attacked by the police. These scenes stimulated a great deal of good by bringing international and national shame on Birmingham.
As shown by Dr. King, we can see how the government was not being inclusive and ethical when making their decisions. They had decided to make segregation laws based on their own beliefs rather than what would be the best for the greater good. Even though these “leaders” believed they were doing what was best, they continued to turn away from an entire community and neglect them, showing their lack of connection to their natural morals as a human being. Dr. King excelled at describing how these “leaders” had lost their touch with ethical value in a decreasingly moral
He planned the drives in Alabama to legalize black people voting. During this period he lead a peaceful march on Washington D.C., where he made his infamous “I Have A Dream” speech to over 250,000 people. He spoke with the president at the time John F. Kennedy. In the time span of 1957-1968 Martin Luther was arrested 20 times and assaulted four times. In 1963 he was named Man of the Year by Times
However, his moral compass led him to understand that all men were equal, regardless of their skin color, and that the enslavement of another human being was wrong. Martin Luther King Jr’s fight was different, in that it affected him on a personal level. As an African American, he was subjected to the same segregation and persecution that he spoke out against. Regardless, he never did what he did simply out of hopes of personal gain. He did what he did because he cared deeply not only for what was right, but also because he wanted to make sure others would not be put through the same trials and tribulations.
I fully understand his reply, of course negotiation is better, if you would have been willing to negotiate with them in the first place they wouldn’t have to result to these extreme measures. That’s the very reason for direct action! Nonviolent direct action creates so much crisis and tension that the community that has constantly refused to negotiate, is forced to deal with the issue. This is apparent in the way the African American in America have advocated for equal rights in the society and the need to end segregation in the society to create a platform where both the whites and the colored can work freely in the society without any cases of discrimination. So, they can live together in
The “Letter from Birmingham Jail” by Martin Luther King Jr. is about the unfair, brutal, and racist treatment the black community has been receiving from white people. This letter was written when he was arrested after peacefully protesting about segregation and how the black people didn’t agree with the law. In the letter, Martin Luther King Jr.’s feelings are being expressed toward the unfair events and it is an example of a well-written argument. In the letter are three claims pointed from King, it states he has a valid reason for being in Birmingham, the black community has no alternative, but to demonstrate and the need for justice is urgent. Also, it discusses king’s intentions during the civil rights movements.
King and his protesters breaking the law. King’s rebuttal is arguing there are two types of laws, just and unjust laws. Just laws were created by man and goes along with the ethical law or law of God. Whereas unjust laws contradict just laws and it degrades human character. All segregation statures are unjust because segregation degrades human traits and harms one’s inner core.
He states the that any law that brighten ups “human personality” is a just law and any law that devalues human personality is an unjust law. MLK finishes of by saying that segregation is sinful. He finds this out by breaking it in to part like so; separation is sinful, segregation laws separate, and therefore segregation laws are sinful. Finally, after explaining why he disobeys some laws he makes it clear to the clergymen that segregation laws are unjust and sinful. Thus, he strongly believes that the Jim crow law should be disobeyed because they are “morally wrong” (par.
The Birmingham campaign in 1963 was of mass importance to the civil rights movement. It was lead by the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the campaign itself was lead by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Reverends James Bevel and Fred Shuttlesworth, among others. They protested with sit ins, marches and boycotts at what was known as the most racist state in America to try and change the segregation laws. During the Birmingham campaign Martin Luther king disobeyed protesting laws and was arrested along with hundreds of other civil rights activists. The next day the head of the Birmingham police force gave orders that it was okay to use force against the protesters and the images of children being sprayed with firehouses and beaten appeared on televisions and in newspapers all over the world and gained national attention and after successfully negotiating a compromise with the attorney general the protests were called off on the 8th May 1961 making it one of he most important and successful campaigns of the civil rights era.
and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference moved to start a local movement in Birmingham, Alabama. It was designed to directly confront segregation in Birmingham, targeting stores during the easter season and the ability for African-Americans to vote. On April 10, 1963 a court injunction was made against the protests Martin Luther King Jr and others were performing. MLK decided that the injunction was unjust and unconstitutional and so on April 12th he went out and protested again and he got arrested. From the birmingham jail he wrote his famous letter talking about how we have a responsibility to break unjust laws and how we can not wait forever justice to come through the courts.
These were supposed to be non-violent protest that show to the nation the inequalities that the blacks faced. Riots broke out and many blacks were arrested and 2 killed. Because of the violence, Martin Luther King Jr. was asked to come to Birmingham. It is here that he created his famous “letter from Birmingham jail”. He brought to light for other clergy men who were opposed to him being there the injustices that Blacks in Birmingham had endured.