In August 28, 1963 King led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama. This caught the attention of the entire world. The Freedom March took place in Washington, D.C. Attack dogs and fire hoses were turned against protestors and King was arrested and took to jail during these protests. There he wrote "Letter from Birmingham City Jail," which advocates civil disobedience against unjust laws.
To Fight or Not to Fight, That is the Question “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere” it is the anthem of all African Americans yearning for the same rights as white citizens. Martin Luther King Jr., a civil rights activist wrote those powerful words as he sat he jail, imprisoned for participating in a nonviolent demonstration against segregation. There were numerous people fighting for equality however, they had differing ideas on how to best approach the problem. King, asserted his belief of peacefully protesting. Being a minister, he did not condone violence and felt the African American dream of equality was achievable through nonviolent efforts.
In that article they questioned why he was there (he was loosely referred to as an outsider) and the timing of the peaceful protests. He was arrested for demonstrating (following a protest earlier that day) without a permit (an Alabama state circuit court injunction against protests) for the fair and equal treatment of Blacks in Birmingham, Alabama. He writes the letter to these 8 fellow clergyman that had written the newspaper article. In the letter he lets them know in no uncertain terms that he is not an outsider. He also addresses the timing of the protests to the clergyman.
In 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. was arrested and imprisoned in Birmingham regarding his protest activities on segregation. While in jail, King wrote an open letter in response to eight white clergymen who were criticizing his actions. In the letter, King defends the use of nonviolent protests and demonstrations against segregation and racism through the use of allusions to religious figures and values. Throughout his letter, her makes various references to symbols of religious authority and uses the ideas of extremism and togetherness to show the clergymen the reasoning behind his passionate cause. King begins his letter showing his authority in the Christian denomination as he states that he serves as the president of the Southern Christian
This boycott was known as the Montgomery bus boycott and it was protesting the racial segregation of public transportation. Lasting over a year, the boycott resulted in the desegregation of the buses and the freedom to sit where you please for all races. Marches were another form of peaceful protest done by Dr. King and his people that helped their cause. Possibly the most influential march held was the March on Washington of 1963. This march was protesting the discrimination black americans faced when looking for work.
In April 1968, Martin Luther King on the night before his assassination had told a group of striking sanitation workers in Memphis, Tennessee: “We’ve got to give ourselves to this struggle until the end. Nothing would be more tragic than to stop at this point in Memphis. We’ve got to see it through”. On 1 February 1968, two Memphis garbage collectors, Echol Cole and Robert Walker, were crushed to death by a malfunctioning truck. Twelve days later, frustrated by the city’s response to the latest event in a long pattern of neglect and abuse of its black employees, 1,300 black men from the Memphis Department of Public Works went on strike.
Kennedy, the called the release of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. On October 19, 1960, Dr. King and some other Activists went to a diner and request to be serve but was denied. Which lead to Dr. King to be arrested with the other activists. Ever though Dr. King and the other activist got release, Dr. King was arrest again for traffic conviction and was sent to prison. This
In Dr. Martin Luther King’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” he uses different methods of persuasion throughout his letter to help the eight white religious leaders understand why he has paid a visit to Birmingham. Starting with Ethos, King uses this to justify that he is not an outsider as they may think. King is a part of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference that has various facilities spread out across the South including Birmingham. King and many of his staff members were requested to visit Birmingham it is not as if they were planning to raid the city and disrupt the peace if there was any to begin with. To top it off the invitation that King and his staff received was sent months ago before they arrived at Birmingham.
In the “Letter From Birmingham Jail” Dr. Martin Luther King Jr addresses seven clergymen about a letter they wrote about King and his demonstrations with the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in Birmingham, Alabama. Dr. King addresses these clergymen in a professional manner, but he also states the reasons why he and the rest of the protesters are protesting. Even though people have different views of the world, everyone has the same hopes and dreams for their country to be perfect. During Dr. King’s time the topic was about race. In today’s world there is the same topic but we have come a long way.
Civil Disobedience Martin Luther King once stated in "The Letter from Birmingham Jail", "Any individual who breaks a law that conscience tells him is unjust and willingly accepts the penalty of imprisonment to arouse the conscience of the community over it injustice is in reality, expressing the highest respect for the law" (King 411). King meant that, if anyone feels a law is unjust and needed to expose its injustice, should willingly accept any penalty that comes in their way to help arouse people 's conscience in changing that law. In “The Letter from Birmingham Jail”, Martin Luther King explains the four powerful steps of the nonviolent campaign he used to protest against racial injustice for African-Americans
2.4 Rhetorical Analysis In April of 1963, while incarcerated in Birmingham City jail, Martin Luther King Jr. wrote an influential letter defending his anti-segregation protests. King had been arrested while participating in a peaceful anti-segregation march, although several local religious groups counted on King for support. Since King’s arrest, he had time to think deeply about the situation; therefore, he decides to reply back to the Alabama clergymen. Who had criticize Martin Luther King because he was simply doing something that was right and violence was not needed for King. “Letter from Birmingham Jail” is addressed to clergymen who had written an open letter criticizing the actions of Martin Luther King, Jr. during several protests
Martin Luther King Junior was the leader of several peaceful protests against the segregation of African American people in the American South. In his Letter form a Birmingham Jail, King responds to the eight clergymen who published an open letter in the local newspaper entitled A call to Unity that ultimately criticized King’s antics directly. King’s powerful yet eloquent use of different literary techniques, especially Aristotle’s persuasive appeals of ethos, pathos and logos, clearly delivers a potent message to his audience. The persuasive appeal logos, according to Aristotle, appeals to a reader’s sense of reason. Birmingham is described by King as “the most thoroughly segregated city in the United States” where “Negroes have experienced
King traveled around the country to give inspirational speeches on nonviolent protests and civil rights while meeting activists, religious figures and other important people around the world. The town of Birmingham was a town for boycotts, sit-ins, and also marches to protest against segregation. Martin participated in the protest, but it led him to be arrested by the police on the 12th of April 1963. This arrest led to Martin Luther King Jr. organizing the March on Washington, a march held on August 28 the same year, promoting African Americans to have freedom and rights. The march was considered the biggest moment in civil rights movement
In “Letter from Birmingham Jail” first two pages he addresses the clergymen of his church and others as well. During his protest, he expresses how upset he was about what is going on right now. He writes down their complain that he is an “outsider” who has come to Birmingham to cause trouble . He defends his right to be there in a straightforward, humble tone, explaining that the SCLC is based in Atlanta but operates throughout the South. One of its affiliates had invited the organization to Birmingham, which is why they came.
Letter from Birmingham Jail The “Letter from Birmingham Jail” by Martin Luther King Jr was a letter that he wrote to answer the statement to fellow clergymen for calling his activities “Unwise and untimely. First, he explained the reason why he was in the Birmingham; it was because he could not ignore the injustice problem there. The injustice anywhere was the reason for him become active in working for civil rights in Birmingham even though he did not claim permanent residence there. The letter mentioned about the strategy of nonviolence resistance to racism. Martin Luther King described the racism problem in his letter, and also explained the reasons why they could not wait for help anymore.